The term eco-efficiency was coined by the
World Business Council for Sustainable Development(WBCSD) in its 1992 publication "Changing Course". It is based on the concept of creating more goods and services while using fewer resources and creating less waste and pollution.
Earth Summitendorsed eco-efficiency as a means for companies to implement Agenda 21in the private sector, and the term has become synonymous with a management philosophy geared towards sustainability.
According to the WBCSD definition, eco-efficiency is achieved through the delivery of "competitively priced goods and services that satisfy human needs and bring quality of life while progressively reducing environmental impacts of goods and resource intensity throughout the entire life-cycle to a level at least in line with the Earth's estimated carrying capacity."
This concept describes a vision for the production of economically valuable goods and services while reducing the ecological impacts of production. In other words eco-efficiency means producing more with less.
According to the WBCSD, critical aspects of eco-efficiency are:Lovins, L. Hunter (2008). [http://www.worldwatch.org/files/pdf/SOW08_chapter_3.pdf Rethinking production] in "State of the World 2008", p. 34.]
* A reduction in the material intensity of goods or services;
* A reduction in the energy intensity of goods or services;
* Reduced dispersion of toxic materials;
* Improved recyclability;
* Maximum use of renewable resources;
* Greater durability of products;
* Increased service intensity of goods and services.
The reduction in ecological impacts translates into an increase in resource productivity, which in turn can create a competitive advantage.
New Industrial Revolution
* [http://www.wbcsd.org World Business Council for Sustainable Development]
* [http://www.wbcsd.org/web/ecoefficiency.htm WBCSD's Eco-Efficiency project]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
См. также в других словарях:
eco-efficiency — n. The ability to manufacture goods efficiently and with as little effect on the environment as possible. Example Citation: McDonough and Alston contend it is not enough for the corporate world to embrace eco efficiency a business buzzword coined … New words
Eco-innovation — is a term used to describe products and processes that contribute to sustainable development.Eco innovation is the commercial application of knowledge to direct or indirect ecological improvements.It is often used to describe a range of related… … Wikipedia
Eco-sufficiency — requires a reduction of the level of production/consumption in those parts of the world with the highest standards of living beyond reducing the use of natural resources as well as waste and emissions per unit of production/consumption… … Wikipedia
eco-tech — (EK.oh tek) n. Technology designed to alleviate environmental problems and reduce the use of natural resources. Example Citation: A new buzzword among analysts is eco tech, or ecological technology, a line of business that they expect to draw… … New words
Eco-marathon — The Eco Marathon is an annual competition sponsored by Shell, in which participants build special vehicles to achieve the highest possible fuel efficiency. The Eco Marathon is held around the world with events in the UK, Finland, France, Holland … Wikipedia
Eco-socialism — Green red redirects here. For other uses, see Red green (disambiguation). Socialism … Wikipedia
eco-bling — n. Ineffective green technology, particular equipment added on to an existing building that does little to reduce the building s use of natural resources. Also: ecobling. Example Citations: Doug King, a visiting professor of building engineering… … New words
Energy efficiency in British housing — Domestic housing in the United Kingdom presents one of the major opportunities for achieving the 20% overall cut in UK carbon dioxide emissions targeted by the Government for 2010.Carbon emissionsAlthough carbon emissions from housing have… … Wikipedia
Cambridge University Eco Racing — This article is about the solar car team. For the person who calls dance figures (cuer), see Caller (dancing). CUER logo Cambridge University Eco Racing (CUER) is a student run team which designs, builds and races solar vehicles. Founded in 2007 … Wikipedia
St Austell and Clay Country Eco-town — The St Austell and Clay Country Eco town is a plan to build a new town on a cluster of sites owned by mining company Imerys near St Austell, in Cornwall. The plan was given outline outline government approval in July 2009. The plan would need to… … Wikipedia