official_name = Gabrovo
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = BUL
subdivision_type1 = Provinces
map_caption = Location of Gabrovo
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Gabrovo
postal_code_type =Postal Code
image_shield=BG Gabrovo coa.svg
Gabrovo ( _bg. Габрово) is a town in central northern
Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Gabrovo Province. It is situated at the foot of the central Balkan Mountains, in the valleyof the Yantra River, and is known as an international capital of humour and satire (see Gabrovo humour), as well as noted for its Bulgarian National Revival architecture. Gabrovo is also known as the longest town in Bulgaria, stretching over 25 km along the Yantra, yet reaching only 1 km in width at places. Near Gabrovois located the geographic center of Bulgaria- Uzana.
The area around Gabrovo, inhabited since the
Neolithic, gained economicimportance after Veliko Tarnovobecame capitalof the Second Bulgarian Empirein the 12th century. Craftsmanshipand tradeprospered due to the proximity to both the capital and the Balkanpasses. MedievalGabrovo was a small pass village of about 100 houses.
According to the most widespread
legend, Gabrovo was founded by a young blacksmithcalled Racho, close to whose fireplacea hornbeam(габър, "gabar" in Bulgarian) rose, so the settlement acquired its name.
After the Ottoman invasion of the
Balkansin the 14th century, the demographic position of Gabrovo changed significantly, as it was the only settlement in a considerably large geographic area and an attractive place for Bulgariansfleeing from the conquered capital and neighbouring fortresses. It turned from a village into a small town ("palanka") and began to develop as an economic, cultural and spiritual centre.
During Ottoman rule, the rich tradesmen spent plenty of resources for the small town's public planning. The first Bulgarian secular school, the
Aprilov Gymnasium, was founded in Gabrovo in 1835 with the aid of Vasil Aprilovand Nikolay Palauzov. Gabrovo was officially proclaimed a townby the Ottoman authority in May 1860.
Shortly before and after the
Liberation of Bulgariain 1878, Gabrovo developed as a centre of industryon the basis of its economic traditions. Joint-stock companies emerged, factorieswere constructed and connections to the large stock exchanges were created, prompting some to label the town "The Bulgarian Manchester".
Internationally known as a centre of
humourand satire, Gabrovo has two theatres, the Racho Stoyanov Drama Theatre and the puppet theatre, a House of Humour and Satirethat serves as a cultural institute, a centre, museum and gallery to popularise comic art. There is also a cinema, Aleko Cinema, and a number of museums and menorial houses both in the town and around it, most notably the Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complexand the Museum of Education at the Aprilov Gymnasium. A planetariumis also in operation.Gabrovo is twinnned with the Belgian town of Aalst and Mogilevin Belarus.
Places of interest in Gabrovo include
House of Humour and Satireand Aprilov High School. In Gabrovo Provincesites include architectural reserve Bozhentsi, Ethnographic Complex Etara, Dryanovo Monasteryand Sokolski Monastery. Uzana, a local winter resort is some 22 km away. Hiking is widely available in the Central Balkan National Park. For admirers of historical tourism Shipka Memorialis a must-see.
*City's most successfully sports club is
FC Yantra Gabrovo, which was founded in 1919.
*The city also has long handball traditions.
*About 25 km from the city in Central
Balkan Mountainsis located the renowned winter resort Uzana.
minor planet 2206 Gabrovadiscovered on April 1, 1976by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykhis named in honor of the city. [cite book | last = Schmadel | first = Lutz D. | coauthors = | title = Dictionary of Minor Planet Names | pages = p. 179 | edition = 5th | year = 2003 | publisher = Springer Verlag | location = New York | url = http://books.google.com/books?q=2206+Gabrova+GR3 | id = ISBN 3540002383] Gabrovo Knollon Livingston Islandin the South Shetland Islands, Antarcticais named after Gabrovo.
Nowy Sącz, Poland
* Gabrovo humour and jokes
* Ethnographic museum Etara
* Village of Bozhentsi
* City of Tryavna
* City of Dryanovo
* Winter Resort Uzana
* Prodan Tiskov - Chardafon
* Football Club Yantra Gabrovo
* [http://www.humorhouse.bg House of Humour and Satire in Gabrovo]
* [http://www.planetarium-gb.hit.bg Astronomical Observatory and Planetarium Gabrovo]
* [http://get.info.bg/visit/dir.asp?d=0-8-Gabrovo Gabrovo tourist information]
* [http://www.en.gabrovo.bg/BG.php Gabrovo municipality's home page]
* [http://www.guide-bulgaria.com/NC/Gabrovo Cities, villages and regions in Gabrovo district]
* [http://www.pbase.com/ngruev/gabrovo Pictures from Gabrovo]
* [http://www.gabrovo-bg.com/ Interesting facts, maps and many useful information about Gabrovo and region.Internet portal of Gabrovo and region]
* [http://www.seebg.net/Gabrovo/indexA.html Virtual Gabrovo]
* [http://www.ptg-gabrovo.hit.bg PTG "Dr. Nikola Vasiliadi" High School Gabrovo]
* [http://www.tugab.bg/english/index.html Gabrovo Technical University]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Gabrovo — Габрово Escudo … Wikipedia Español
Gabrovo — Gabrŏvo, Handelsstadt in Bulgarien, Kr. Tirnova, an der Jantra, (1893) 7809 E.; Industrie … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Gabrovo — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gabrovo (homonymie). Gabrovo Габрово … Wikipédia en Français
Gabrovo — 1 Original name in latin Gabrovo Name in other language Gabrova, Gabrovo, Gabrowo, gabrovo, gaburobo, jia bu luo wo, Габрово State code BG Continent/City Europe/Sofia longitude 42.87472 latitude 25.33417 altitude 538 Population 66175 Date 2012 01 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Gabrovo — Gabrowo (Габрово) „труд и постоянство“ („Arbeit und Hartnäckigkeit“) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Gabrovo — ▪ Bulgaria town, north central Bulgaria. It is situated on both banks of the Yantra River, at the foot of the Shipka Pass in the Balkan Mountains. A major industrial centre, Gabrovo has a high in migration population from the surrounding… … Universalium
Gabrovo — Sp Gãbrovas Ap Габрово/Gabrovo L C Bulgarija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Gabrovo — noun a town in central Bulgaria … Wiktionary
Gabrovo — ► Distrito de Bulgaria, en la cuenca del Jantra; 2 035 km 2 y 168 700 h. Cap., la c. homónima (81 554 h) … Enciclopedia Universal
Gabrovo — Gạbrovo [ wo], Stadt und Gebiet in Bulgarien, Gabrowo. … Universal-Lexikon