Gabrovo


Gabrovo

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Gabrovo



subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = BUL
subdivision_type1 = Provinces
(Oblast)
timezone=EET
utc_offset=+2
timezone_DST=EEST
utc_offset_DST=+3
map_caption = Location of Gabrovo
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position =
pushpin_map_caption =Location of Gabrovo
pushpin_mapsize =
leader_title =Mayor
postal_code_type =Postal Code
|subdivision_name1=Gabrovo
image_shield=BG Gabrovo coa.svg
native_name=Габрово
|population_total=67012|population_footnotes=
population_as_of=2007-12-15
elevation_m=392
postal_code=5300
area_code=066
latd=42|latm=52|lats=|latNS=N|longd=25|longm=20|longs=|longEW=E|leader_name=Tomislav Donchev

Gabrovo ( _bg. Габрово) is a town in central northern Bulgaria, the administrative centre of Gabrovo Province. It is situated at the foot of the central Balkan Mountains, in the valley of the Yantra River, and is known as an international capital of humour and satire (see Gabrovo humour), as well as noted for its Bulgarian National Revival architecture. Gabrovo is also known as the longest town in Bulgaria, stretching over 25 km along the Yantra, yet reaching only 1 km in width at places. Near Gabrovo is located the geographic center of Bulgaria - Uzana.

History

The area around Gabrovo, inhabited since the Neolithic, gained economic importance after Veliko Tarnovo became capital of the Second Bulgarian Empire in the 12th century. Craftsmanship and trade prospered due to the proximity to both the capital and the Balkan passes. Medieval Gabrovo was a small pass village of about 100 houses.

According to the most widespread legend, Gabrovo was founded by a young blacksmith called Racho, close to whose fireplace a hornbeam (габър, "gabar" in Bulgarian) rose, so the settlement acquired its name.

After the Ottoman invasion of the Balkans in the 14th century, the demographic position of Gabrovo changed significantly, as it was the only settlement in a considerably large geographic area and an attractive place for Bulgarians fleeing from the conquered capital and neighbouring fortresses. It turned from a village into a small town ("palanka") and began to develop as an economic, cultural and spiritual centre.

During Ottoman rule, the rich tradesmen spent plenty of resources for the small town's public planning. The first Bulgarian secular school, the Aprilov Gymnasium, was founded in Gabrovo in 1835 with the aid of Vasil Aprilov and Nikolay Palauzov. Gabrovo was officially proclaimed a town by the Ottoman authority in May 1860.

Shortly before and after the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878, Gabrovo developed as a centre of industry on the basis of its economic traditions. Joint-stock companies emerged, factories were constructed and connections to the large stock exchanges were created, prompting some to label the town "The Bulgarian Manchester".

Culture

Internationally known as a centre of humour and satire, Gabrovo has two theatres, the Racho Stoyanov Drama Theatre and the puppet theatre, a House of Humour and Satire that serves as a cultural institute, a centre, museum and gallery to popularise comic art. There is also a cinema, Aleko Cinema, and a number of museums and menorial houses both in the town and around it, most notably the Etar Architectural-Ethnographic Complex and the Museum of Education at the Aprilov Gymnasium. A planetarium is also in operation.Gabrovo is twinnned with the Belgian town of Aalst and Mogilev in Belarus.

Tourism

Places of interest in Gabrovo include House of Humour and Satire and Aprilov High School. In Gabrovo Province sites include architectural reserve Bozhentsi, Ethnographic Complex Etara, Dryanovo Monastery and Sokolski Monastery. Uzana, a local winter resort is some 22 km away. Hiking is widely available in the Central Balkan National Park. For admirers of historical tourism Shipka Memorial is a must-see.

ports

*City's most successfully sports club is FC Yantra Gabrovo, which was founded in 1919.
*The city also has long handball traditions.
*About 25 km from the city in Central Balkan Mountains is located the renowned winter resort Uzana.

Honors

A minor planet 2206 Gabrova discovered on April 1, 1976 by Soviet astronomer Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh is named in honor of the city. [cite book | last = Schmadel | first = Lutz D. | coauthors = | title = Dictionary of Minor Planet Names | pages = p. 179 | edition = 5th | year = 2003 | publisher = Springer Verlag | location = New York | url = http://books.google.com/books?q=2206+Gabrova+GR3 | id = ISBN 3540002383]

Gabrovo Knoll on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after Gabrovo.

Notable natives

*Chardafon (Prodan Tishkov)
*Christo Yavashev
*Ran Bosilek
*Emanuil Manolov
*Todor Kableshkov

*Vasil Aprilov
*Tsanko Dyustabanov
*Lazar Payakoff
*Lyubomir Andreychin
*Neofit Rilski
*Svilen Noev
*Nikolay Palauzov
*Ivan Vutsov
*Lalyu Metev
*Onufri Gabrovski
*Ivan Gyuzelev
*Captain grand
*Mincho Minchev
*Mitko Palauzov
*Nikola Voynovski
*Nikolay Stoletov
*Hristo Tsokev
*Zvetelina

Twin towns

* Thun, Switzerland
* Mytischi,Russia
* Mahilyow, Belarus
* Shaki, Azerbaijan
* Aalst, Belgium
* Mittweida, Germany
* Panevėžys, Lithuania
* Sisak, Croatia
* Nowy Sącz, Poland
* Preshov, Slovakia

ee also

* Gabrovo humour and jokes
* Ethnographic museum Etara
* Village of Bozhentsi
* City of Tryavna
* City of Dryanovo
* Dryanovo Monastery
* Sokolski Monastery
* Shipka Memorial
* Winter Resort Uzana
* Prodan Tiskov - Chardafon
* Football Club Yantra Gabrovo

References

External links

* [http://www.humorhouse.bg House of Humour and Satire in Gabrovo]
* [http://www.planetarium-gb.hit.bg Astronomical Observatory and Planetarium Gabrovo]
* [http://get.info.bg/visit/dir.asp?d=0-8-Gabrovo Gabrovo tourist information]
* [http://www.en.gabrovo.bg/BG.php Gabrovo municipality's home page]
* [http://www.guide-bulgaria.com/NC/Gabrovo Cities, villages and regions in Gabrovo district]
* [http://www.pbase.com/ngruev/gabrovo Pictures from Gabrovo]
* [http://www.gabrovo-bg.com/ Interesting facts, maps and many useful information about Gabrovo and region.Internet portal of Gabrovo and region]
* [http://www.seebg.net/Gabrovo/indexA.html Virtual Gabrovo]
* [http://www.ptg-gabrovo.hit.bg PTG "Dr. Nikola Vasiliadi" High School Gabrovo]
* [http://www.tugab.bg/english/index.html Gabrovo Technical University]

Geographic Location (8-way)
Centre = Gabrovo
North = Sevlievo
Northeast = "Veliko Tarnovo"
East = Tryavna
Southeast = "Sliven"
South = "Kazanlak"
Southwest = Karlovo
West = Troyan
Northwest = Lovech



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