Widecombe-in-the-Moor is a small
villagelocated within the heart of the DartmoorNational Park in Devon, England. gbmapping|SX718767. The name is thought to derive from 'Withy-combe' which means Willow Valley.
According to Widecombe's official website, there are 196 households in the village, although its large and sprawling parish stretches for many miles and encompasses dozens of isolated cottages and moorland farms.
Tourism is a major source of income for Widecombe today, as reflected by the fact that within a small area there are several gift shops (including a National Trust shop), two cafes and two pubs (the Old Inn and the Rugglestone).
The village is probably best known for
Widecombe Fair, held annually and celebrated by a well-known folksong of the same name, featuring 'Old Uncle Tom Cobleyand All'. Its words were first published in 1880. The characters from the song are featured in many of the souvenirs on sale in the local shops. Also popular are the traditional ' Toby Jugs' - a type of mug, with a handle, shaped as a three dimensional caricature of a person's head - sometimes fictional, sometimes a celebrity.
The church of
St Pancrasis known as the 'Cathedral of the Moors' in recognition of its 120 foot tower and relatively large capacity for such a small village. The church was originally built in the 14th century, in the Perpendicular style (late Gothic), using locally quarried granite. It was enlarged over the following two centuries, partly on the proceeds of the local tin mining trade. Inside, the ceiling is decorated with a large number of decorative roof bosses, including the tinner’s emblem of a circle of three hares(known locally as the Tinners' Rabbits).
The church was badly damaged in the Great Thunderstorm of
1638, apparently struck by ball lightning during a severe thunderstorm. An afternoon service was taking place at the time, and the building was packed with approximately 300 worshippers. Four of them were killed, around 60 injured. According to local legend, the Great Thunderstorm was caused by the village being visited by the Devil.
The size of the parish meant that, for centuries, families were obliged to walk for miles to go to church at Widecombe every Sunday. The task was even more challenging when it came to burying their dead, whose coffins had to be carried over rough ground and both up and down exceptionally steep hills. Halfway up
DartmeetHill, for example, lies the Coffin Stone, close to the road, where the body would be placed to allow the bearers to take a rest. The rock is split in two, along its length. Local legend has it that the body of a particularly wicked man was laid there. God took exception to this, and struck the stone with a thunderbolt, destroying the coffin and splitting the stone in two.
In Widecombe churchyard is the grave of novelist
Beatrice Chasewho lived for much of her life in a cottage close to the village. Her real name was Olive Katharine Parr, and she was a direct descendant of William Parr, the brother of Catherine, the sixth wife of Henry VIII.
Next to the church stands
the Church House, built in 1537for the production of church ales. It is now managed by the National Trust.
Deserted medieval villageof Hutholesand the abandoned farmstead Dinna Clerks(also spelt Dinah Clark's) lie nearby.cite web|url=http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/adsdata/arch-769-1/ahds/dissemination/pdf/vol32/32_175_183.pdf|title=Three deserted medieval settlements on Dartmoor|last=Beresford|first=Guy|accessdate=2008-07-19]
* [http://www.widecombe-in-the-moor.com Official village site]
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Widecombe-in-the-Moor — 50.576666666667 3.8119444444444 Koordinaten: 50° 35′ N, 3° 49′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
Widecombe-in-the-Moor — 50° 34′ 33″ N 3° 48′ 43″ W / 50.57593, 3.81191 … Wikipédia en Français
Widecombe Fair — takes place annually on the second Tuesday in September, attracting thousands of visitors to the tiny Dartmoor village of Widecombe in the Moor. It is well known as the subject of the folk song of the same name, featuring Uncle Tom Cobley and his … Wikipedia
The Great Thunderstorm, Widecombe — The Great Thunderstorm of Widecombe in the Moor, Dartmoor, took place on Sunday, 21 October 1638, when the church of St Pancras was apparently struck by ball lightning during a severe thunderstorm. An afternoon service was taking place at the… … Wikipedia
The Church House — is a fine two storey granite building in Widecombe in the Moor, Devon, England, dating from 1537, which stands alongside the church, overlooking the tiny village square. It is a National Trust property.OverviewThe Church House is thought to have… … Wikipedia
Widecombe — 50.576666666667 3.81194444444447Koordinaten: 50° 35′ N, 3° 49′ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of lost settlements in the UK — This list includes some of the thousands of deserted medieval villages (DMVs), shrunken villages and other settlements known to have been lost or significantly reduced in size over the centuries. There are estimated to be as many as 3,000 DMVs in … Wikipedia
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Dartmoor tin-mining — The wheelpit at Huntingdon mine The Dartmoor tin mining industry is thought to have originated in pre Roman times, and continued right through to the 20th century. From the 12th century onwards tin mining was regulated by a Stannary Parliament … Wikipedia