- Cater Rand
Cater Rand (
9 December 1749( Lewes, Sussexin England) - 21 December 1825). His father, Charles Rand ? - 1763 had been born in Colchester, Essex, but relocated as a boy to Sussex in 1714. Cater Rand married 15 April 1775 to Mary Scrace 1755 - 1783, who would bear him six recorded children.
Something of a polymath, Rand appears to have had at least three successive careers. During his early adulthood his energies were devoted to running the
schoolin Lewesthat had been initially founded and operated by his grandfather, Cater Rand 1684 - 1748. The syllabus under Cater Rand jr. seems to have been strongly biased in favor of new (or newly rediscovered) subjects such mathematicsand certain technical sciences.
In 1779 Rand established himself as a
bookseller and in 1784 he was declared bankrupt. It seems that he had borrowed twice on the same security without informing his (potentially) competing lenders. The bankruptcywas still undischarged in 1806. These were difficult times, and the southern coast of England would have found itself on the front line in the event that the much feared invasionof Englandby the imperial forces of Napoleon Buonaparte had materialised. Along the way, in 1799, Rand found time to patent a design for military and naval telescopeintended to improve and facilitate range-setting for heavy gunson the battlefield.
From 1790 Rand was giving his occupation as surveyor. The
topographyof the area around Lewesensured ample challenges as well as providing practical advantages for a local man with extensive local knowledge. By the end of his career he was apparently acknowledged widely as the local expert in his field. Early on he was involved in at least one railwayproject. At this time railways were, of course, not yet operated by moving steam engines, but it may be that already Rand and his contemporaries were contemplating these as a future possibility. Rand was also involved in mineral engineeringat a time when lignitedeposits had recently been discovered locally. Cater Rand's later projects were more preoccupied by the hydrographical challenges involved in managing the estuarial area, in order both to improve access for shipping and to address the problems caused by floodingwhich then, as subsequently, was a feature of the Lewesarea in the event of heavy raincombining with high tides.
* [http://www.kittybrewster.com/ancestry/rand.htm Rand Genealogy]
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