United States Ambassador to Spain


United States Ambassador to Spain

This is a list of United States Ambassadors to Spain from 1779 to the present day.

Ambassadors

*John JayJohn Jay proceeded to post but was not formally received at court.]
**Appointed: September 29, 1779
**Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission: ~May 20, 1782
*William CarmichaelNo report has been found concerning Carmichael’s presentation of credentials as Chargé d’Affaires "en titre"; he had already been received as Chargé d’Affaires "ad interim", February 20, 1783.]
**Appointed: April 20, 1790
**Title: Chargé d’Affaires
**Presented credentials: February 20, 1783
**Terminated mission: Presented recall September 5, 1794
*William Short
**Appointed: May 28, 1794
**Title: Minister Resident
**Presented credentials: September 7, 1794
**Terminated mission: Left post November 1, 1795
*David Humphreys
**Appointed: May 20, 1796
**Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: September 10, 1797
**Terminated mission: Probably presented recall soon after December 28, 1801
*Charles PinckneyPinckney was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 26, 1802.]
**Appointed: June 6, 1801
**Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: January–March 1802
**Terminated mission: Presented recall October 25, 1804
*James Bowdoin IIIBowdoin did not proceed to post.]
**Appointed: November 22, 1804
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*George W. IrvingIrving served as Chargé d’Affaires "ad interim", October 1805–February 1810.]
**Appointed:
**Title: Chargé d’Affaires
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*George W. IrvingIrving was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and his nomination confirmed by the Senate, October 3, 1814. His commission following confirmation not on record.]
**Appointed: August 10, 1814
**Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: August 24, 1816
**Terminated mission: Left post May 15, 1819
*John Forsyth
**Appointed: February 16, 1819
**Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: May 18, 1819
**Terminated mission: Had farewell audience, March 2, 1823
*Hugh Nelson
**Appointed: January 15, 1823
**Title: Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: December 4, 1823
**Terminated mission: Presented recall July 10, 1825Note: In 1825 the ministry was upgraded to "Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary".
*Alexander Hill Everett
**Appointed: March 9, 1825
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: September 4, 1825
**Terminated mission: Left post August 1, 1829
*Cornelius P. Van NessVan Ness was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on February 10, 1830.]
**Appointed: June 1, 1829
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: December 9, 1829
**Terminated mission: Presented recall December 21, 1836
*William T. BarryBarry took the oath of office, but died en route to post. He was commissioned during a recess of the Senate.]
**Appointed: April 10, 1835
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*John H. EatonNo report has been found of Eaton’s presentation of credentials, which probably took place about February 1, 1837.]
**Appointed: March 16, 1836
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission: Left post May 1, 1840
*Aaron Vail
**Appointed: May 20, 1840
**Title: Chargé d’Affaires
**Presented credentials: November 5, 1840
**Terminated mission: Vail was superseded by Ambassador Irving, August 1, 1842.
*Washington Irving
**Appointed: February 10, 1842
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: August 1, 1842
**Terminated mission: July 29, 1846
*Romulus M. Saunders
**Appointed: February 25, 1846
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: July 31, 1846
**Terminated mission: Presented recall September 24, 1849
*Daniel M. BarringerBarringer was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on September 28, 1850.]
**Appointed: June 18, 1849
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: October 24, 1849
**Terminated mission: Presented recall September 4, 1853
*Pierre Soulé
**Appointed: April 7, 1853
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: October 24, 1853
**Terminated mission: Presented recall February 1, 1855
*John C. BreckinridgeBreckenreidge declined the appointment.]
**Appointed: January 16, 1855
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Augustus C. Dodge
**Appointed: February 9, 1855
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 17, 1855
**Terminated mission: Presented recall March 12, 1859
*William Preston
**Appointed: December 15, 1858
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 12, 1859
**Terminated mission: Presented recall May 24, 1861
*Cassius M. ClayClay declined the appointment.]
**Appointed: April 14, 1861
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Carl Schurz
**Appointed: March 28, 1861
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: July 13, 1861
**Terminated mission: Left post December 18, 1861
*Gustavus Koerner
**Appointed: June 14, 1862
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: November 4, 1862
**Terminated mission: Left post July 20, 1864
*John P. Hale
**Appointed: March 10, 1865
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: September 30, 1865
**Terminated mission: Presented recall July 29, 1869
*William S. RosecransRosecrans was not commissioned; his nomination was tabled by the Senate.]
**Appointed:
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Henry S. SandfordSandford was not commissioned; his nomination was tabled by the Senate.]
**Appointed:
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Daniel E. SicklesSickles was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on March 16, 1870.] Sickles presented new credentials on February 2, 1871, after change of government]
**Appointed: May 15, 1869
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: July 29, 1869
**Terminated mission: Transmitted recall by note January 31, 1874
*Caleb CushingCushing presented new credentials on March 10, 1875, after restoration of monarchy.]
**Appointed: January 6, 1874
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: May 30, 1874
**Terminated mission: Left post April 9, 1877
*James Russell LowellLowell was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on October 30, 1877.]
**Appointed: June 11, 1877
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: August 18, 1877
**Terminated mission: Presented recall March 2, 1880
*Lucius Fairchild
**Appointed: January 26, 1880
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 31, 1880
**Terminated mission: Presented recall December 20, 1881
*Hannibal HamlinHamlin was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on October 13, 1881.]
**Appointed: June 30, 1881
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: December 20, 1881
**Terminated mission: Left post October 17, 1882
*John W. Foster
**Appointed: February 27, 1883
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 16, 1883
**Terminated mission: Presented recall August 28, 1885
*Jabez L.M. CurryCurry was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on January 13, 1886.]
**Appointed: October 7, 1885
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: December 22, 1885
**Terminated mission: Left post July 5, 1888
*Perry BelmontBelmont was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 13, 1888.]
**Appointed: November 17, 1888
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: February 13, 1889
**Terminated mission: Left post May 1, 1889
*Thomas W. Palmer
**Appointed: March 12, 1889
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 17, 1889
**Terminated mission: Left post April 19, 1890
*E. Burd Grubb
**Appointed: September 27, 1890
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: December 23, 1890
**Terminated mission: Left post May 26, 1892
*A. Loudon Snowden
**Appointed: July 22, 1892
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: October 6, 1892
**Terminated mission: Presented recall June 3, 1893
*Hannis Taylor
**Appointed: April 8, 1893
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: July 1, 1893
**Terminated mission: Presented recall September 13, 1897
*Stewart L. WoodfordSpain severed diplomatic relations with the U.S. on April 21, 1898. Woodford left post the same day. The United States declared war on Spain as of that date by Act of Congress approved April 25, 1898.]
**Appointed: June 19, 1897
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: September 13, 1897
**Terminated mission: Left post April 21, 1898
*Bellamy StorerStorer was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 14, 1899.]
**Appointed: April 12, 1899
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 16, 1899
**Terminated mission: Presented recall December 10, 1902
*Arthur S. HardyHardy was commissioned during a recess of the Senate and recommissioned after confirmation on December 8, 1902.]
**Appointed: September 26, 1902
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 2, 1903
**Terminated mission: Presented recall May 1, 1905
*William Miller Collier
**Appointed: March 8, 1905
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: May 15, 1905
**Terminated mission: Superseded by Ambassador Ide on June 9, 1909
*Henry Clay Ide
**Appointed: April 1, 1909
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 9, 1909
**Terminated mission: Left post July 8, 1913
*Joseph Edward WillardWillard took the oath of office, but did not proceed to post under this appointment.]
**Appointed: July 28, 1913
**Title: Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:Note: In August 1913, the title of the office was changed to "Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary". This required a new commission."
*Joseph Edward Willard
**Appointed: September 10, 1913
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: October 31, 1913
**Terminated mission: Left post July 7, 1921
*Cyrus E. Woods
**Appointed: June 24, 1921
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: October 14, 1921
**Terminated mission: Left post April 18, 1923
*Alexander P. Moore
**Appointed: March 3, 1923
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: May 16, 1923
**Terminated mission: Left post December 20, 1925
*Ogden H. Hammond
**Appointed: December 21, 1925
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 26, 1926
**Terminated mission: Left post October 13, 1929
*Irwin B. Laughlin
**Appointed: October 16, 1929
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: December 24, 1929
**Terminated mission: Left post April 12, 1933
*Claude G. BowersBowers was resident during the last part of his ambassadorship at St. Jean de Luz in France. He left that post June 14, 1939, his appointment having terminated May 14, 1939. The embassy had meanwhile been re-established in Spain on April 13, 1939, when H. Freeman Matthews had been received at Burgos as Chargé d’Affaires "ad interim".]
**Appointed: April 6, 1933
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 1, 1933
**Terminated mission: Had final interview, February 2, 1939
*Alexander W. Weddell
**Appointed: May 3, 1939
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 15, 1939
**Terminated mission: Left post February 7, 1942
*Carlton J. H. Hayes
**Appointed: May 2, 1942
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 9, 1942
**Terminated mission: Left Spain, January 18, 1945
*Norman Armour
**Appointed: December 15, 1944
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 24, 1945
**Terminated mission: Left post December 1, 1945
*Philip W. BonsalBonsal was the Chargé d’Affaires, not the ambassador, March 1946–June 1947.]
**Appointed:
**Title: Chargé d’Affaires
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Paul T. CulbertsonCulbertson was the Chargé d’Affaires, not the ambassador, June 1947–December 1950.]
**Appointed:
**Title: Chargé d’Affaires
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Stanton Griffis
**Appointed: February 1, 1951
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 1, 1951
**Terminated mission: Relinquished charge January 28, 1952
*Lincoln MacVeagh
**Appointed: February 21, 1952
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 27, 1952
**Terminated mission: Left post March 4, 1953
*James Clement Dunn
**Appointed: February 27, 1953
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: April 9, 1953
**Terminated mission: Left post February 9, 1955
*John Davis Lodge
**Appointed: January 22, 1955
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 24, 1955
**Terminated mission: Left post April 13, 1961
*Anthony J. Drexel Biddle, Jr.
**Appointed: March 29, 1961
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: May 25, 1961
**Terminated mission: Left Spain, October 12, 1961
*Ellis O. BriggsBriggs was not commissioned; his nomination withdrawn before the Senate acted upon it.]
**Appointed:
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Robert F. Woodward
**Appointed: April 7, 1962
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: May 10, 1962
**Terminated mission: Left post February 1, 1965
*Angier Biddle Duke
**Appointed: March 11, 1965
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: April 1, 1965
**Terminated mission: Left post March 30, 1968
*Frank E. McKinneyMcKinney took the oath of office, but did not proceed to post under this appointment.]
**Appointed: May 11, 1968
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Robert F. Wagner, Jr.
**Appointed: June 24, 1968
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: July 4, 1968
**Terminated mission: Left post March 7, 1969
*Robert C. Hill
**Appointed: May 1, 1969
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 12, 1969
**Terminated mission: Left post January 12, 1972
*Horacio Rivero
**Appointed: September 11, 1972
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: October 11, 1972
**Terminated mission: Left post November 26, 1974
*Peter M. FlaniganFlanigan was not commissioned; his nomination of September 17, 1974 was not acted upon by the Senate.]
**Appointed:
**Title:
**Presented credentials:
**Terminated mission:
*Wells Stabler
**Appointed: February 20, 1975
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: March 13, 1975
**Terminated mission: Left post May 4, 1978
*Terence A. Todman
**Appointed: May 25, 1978
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: July 20, 1978
**Terminated mission: Left post August 8, 1983
*Thomas Ostrom Enders
**Appointed: August 5, 1983
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: September 15, 1983
**Terminated mission: Left post July 6, 1986
*Reginald Bartholomew
**Appointed: August 18, 1986
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: September 17, 1986
**Terminated mission: Left post March 12, 1989
*Joseph Zappala
**Appointed: October 10, 1989
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: October 16, 1989
**Terminated mission: Left post June 4, 1992
*Richard Goodwin Capen, Jr.
**Appointed: June 15, 1992
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: July 8, 1992
**Terminated mission: Left post February 17, 1993
*Richard N. Gardner
**Appointed: September 16, 1993
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: November 4, 1993
**Terminated mission: Left post July 12, 1997Note: Beginning in 1998, The ambassador to Spain was also accredited to Andorra.
*Edward L. Romero
**Appointed: June 29, 1998
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 30, 1998
**Terminated mission: Left post June 1, 2001
*George L. Argyros, Sr.
**Appointed: November 20, 2001
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: December 13, 2001
**Terminated mission: Left post November 21, 2004
*Eduardo Aguirre
**Appointed: June 21, 2005
**Title: Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary
**Presented credentials: June 29, 2005
**Terminated mission: —

Notes

ource

* [http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ho/po/com/11278.htm US State Department] : List of ambassadors
* [http://madrid.usembassy.gov/emba/mislisen.html United States Embassy in Spain] : Former U.S. Ambassadors And Presidential Representatives To Spain


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