Austro-Daimler


Austro-Daimler

Infobox Company
company_name = Austro-Daimler AG
company_
company_type = Public
foundation = 1899
location_city = Wiener Neustadt
location_country = Austria
key_people = Eduard Bierenz, Eduard Fischer
Founders
industry = Automobile
products = Cars
num_employees = 800 (1906)
4500 (1914)
homepage = [http://www.austrodaimler.at/ www.austrodaimler.com]

Austro-Daimler was an Austrian automaker company, from 1899 until 1934. It was subsidiary of the German "Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft" (DMG) Fact|date=November 2007.

Early History

In 1890, Eduard Bierenz was appointed as Austrian retailer. The company sold so well that also it began manufacturing the automobiles after uniting with Eduard Fischer's engineering factory. The works were located at Wiener-Neustadt. By this subsidiary "DMG" became the first automotive multinational in history.

Thus on August 11 1899, the Austrian Daimler Engine Society was founded. Whilst the assembling parts stemmed from Stuttgart, in 1900 they built their first automobile which featured 2 cylinders, convert|4|hp|abbr=on, and 4 seats. Soon they started producing engines for luxurious cars, trucks, buses, maritime ships, and trains.

Paul Daimler

In 1902, Paul Daimler, Gottlieb Daimler's son, took charge of the Technical Department.He developed a compact car (8 hp, 45 km/h). In 1905 he built the company's first armoured car, which had convert|30|hp|abbr=on. Also, the company produced engines for both trucks and buses. However, Daimler returned to Stuttgart in 1905 to take over the research and development department, which had been vacated by Maybach.

Ferdinand Porsche

Senior Ferdinand Porsche took Daimler's place as technical designer. Although Austro-Daimler cars were competing at races already, Porsche pioneered into aerodynamic usage with famous racecars ("Mixte" and "Maya"). Also, he designed the Mercédès-Electrique-Mixte which was manufactured from 1902 until 1907.

Porsche impelled a company reformation too whilst the company had 800 workers already. The company was renamed "Austro-Daimler" on July 27 1906. That same year Emil Jellinek --who was Austrian too-- bought several Austro-Daimler licenses to found ancillary companies abroad.

In 1908, the Austro-Daimler began producing "Zeppelin" engines. Indeed, for Porsche this was a personal interest since he liked to take Archduke Franz Ferdinand flying over Vienna.

Pushing the company's development further, Porsche granted Austro-Daimler's definitive independence from DMG's ownership in 1909. In 1910, the company was renamed "Austrian Daimler Engines AG" whose logo was the "Austrian Royal double-headed eagle". In 1912 DMG sold its remaining shares.

In 1911 Austro-Daimler began producing the "Prinz Heinrich" (in English: "Prince Henry") model; this car, which featured an overhead cam 5714 cc four cylinder engine, quickly became famous. It could develop 95 bhp at 2100 rpm; there was also a less potent version with side valves and a 6900 cc engine capable of developing convert|60|hp|abbr=on at only 1200 rpm. Both designs were by Porsche.

Postwar Era

During the First World War, with 4500 workers the Austro-Daimler did massive war production. After the war, the company produced automobiles mainly. However, still it was connected to the local royalty by its Prince Heinrich.

Soon, the company began collapsing. In first place, Austro-Daimler fused with several companies --Skoda, Fiat, and Puch (1928)--. Then, it was submerged under Camillo Castiglioni's squandering management.

Also, Porsche created the 1,3-liter "Sascha" racing cars (named after their backer, Count Sascha Kolowrat-Krakowski) in the early 1920s. The smallest model the company offered was a 2212 cc four cylinder. However, as the situation worsened Porsche abandoned the company in 1923 getting rid of the financially stuck situation. Instead, he moved to Stuttgart's DMG.

The outstanding production car offered by Austro-Daimler during the 1930s was the ADM, which featured overhead cam six-cylinder engines of 2540 cc, 2650 cc, and 2994 cc. The last-named (the ADM III) developed convert|110|hp|abbr=on at 4000 rpm and was one of the greatest automobiles of the decade. Also offered was a less luxurious sporting version, the convert|100|hp|abbr=on "ADR".

1931 saw Austro-Daimler introduce a 4624 cc eight cylinder car, a superb, highly expensive luxury vehicle. The last great car built at the Austrian works was the six-cylinder "Bergmeister", which featured an overhead cam 3614 cc engine that could develop convert|120|hp|abbr=on at 3600 rpm; this car had a top speed of 90 mph.

In 1934 the company merged with Steyr Automobile, creating the Steyr-Daimler-Puch conglomerate. However, in this same year, Austro-Daimler was dissolved.

In the 1970s and into the 1980s bicycles were made by Steyr-Daimler-Puch with some models bearing the Puch trademark, and more upscale models bearing the Austro-Daimler trademark. When the bicycle manufacturing aspects of the consortium were sold in 1987 to Piaggio & C. S.p.A. of Italy, the Puch trademark was conveyed however, the rights to the name Austro-Daimler were not sold. Since then no bicycles have been made bearing this trademark.

Designers

*Karl Rabe
*Oskar Hacker

ee also

*Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft
*USA Daimler
*Steyr-Daimler-Puch
* [http://www.company7.com/bosendorfer/ADbicycle.html Austro-Daimler Vent Noir II] - article about the Austro-Daimler bicycles with the history of the Puch Austro Daimler company, pdf pamphlets, images, etc.


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