Indian Campaign Medal


Indian Campaign Medal

The Indian Campaign Medal is a decoration of the United States Army which was first created in 1905. The medal was retroactively awarded to any soldier of the U.S. Army who had participated in military actions against Native American Indians between the years of 1790 to 1891.

The United States Department of the Army declared the following fourteen campaigns as credible service to the Indian Campaign Medal:"Named Campaigns — Indian Wars."]

*Miami Campaign, part of the Northwest Indian War (January, 1790–August, 1795).
*Battle of Tippecanoe, part of Tecumseh's War (September 21–November 18, 1811).
* Creek Campaigns or Creek War (July 27, 1813–August 9, 1814 and February, 1836–July, 1837).
* Seminole Campaigns or Seminole Wars (November 20, 1817–October 31, 1818; December 28, 1835–August 14, 1842; and December 15, 1855–May, 1858).
* Black Hawk Campaign or Black Hawk War (April 26–September, 1832).
*Comanche Campaign (1867–1875).
* Modoc Campaign or Modoc War (1872–1873).
* Apache Campaigns or Apache Wars (1873 and 1885–1886).
* Little Big Horn Campaign or Black Hills War (1876–1877).
* Nez Perce Campaign or Nez Perce War (1877).
* Bannock Campaign or Bannock War (1878).
* Cheyenne Campaign or Cheyenne War (1878–1879).
* Ute Campaign or Ute War (September, 1879–November, 1880).
*Pine Ridge Campaign (November, 1890–January, 1891).

The Indian Campaign Medal was issued as a one-time decoration only and there were no devices or service stars authorized for those who had participated in multiple actions. The only attachment authorized to the medal was the silver citation star, awarded for meritorious or heroic conduct. The silver citation star was the predecessor of the Silver Star and was awarded to eleven soldiers between 1865 and 1891.

In the mid-20th century, the Army declared the Indian Campaign Medal obsolete and began an effort, under pressure, to collect and destroy original and reproduced Indian Campaign Medals. This was due in large part to the notion that the Indian Campaign Medal represented an effort to subjugate a culture and its people. In the modern age, the Indian Campaign Medal is one of the most difficult antique decorations to locate.Fact|date=August 2007

Background

a. The Indian Campaign Medal was established by War Department General Orders 12 in 1907. It was created at the same time as the Civil War Campaign Medal.

b. The initial ribbon was all red; however, two black stripes were added in December 1917 because of the similarity to a ribbon used by the French for the French Legion of Honor.

c. Campaign streamers of the same design as the service ribbon are authorized for display by units receiving campaign credit participation for the Indian Wars. The inscriptions for streamers displayed on the organizational flag will be as indicated in the unit's lineage and honors. The inscriptions for the 14 streamers displayed on the Army flag are listed in AR 840-10 and AR 600-8-22.


Notes

References

*cite web|title=Named Campaigns — Indian Wars|work=United States Army Center for Military History|url=http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/reference/iwcmp.htm|accessmonthday=December 13 |accessyear=2005
* [http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Awards/INDIAN%20CAMPAIGN%20MEDAL1.html US Army Institute of Heraldry: Indian Campaign Medal]

ee also

*Awards and decorations of the United States military
*Indian Wars
*


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Indian Mutiny Medal — Infobox Military Award name= Indian Mutiny Medal caption= Obverse (top left) and reverse (top right) of the medal. Ribbon: 32mm, white with two red stripes. awarded by= United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland type= Campaign medal eligibility …   Wikipedia

  • China Campaign Medal — Awarded by Department of the Army Type Medal …   Wikipedia

  • Medal for the Defence of Kelat-I-Ghilzie — Awarded by …   Wikipedia

  • Medal of Honor — For other uses, see Medal of Honor (disambiguation). Medal of Honor From left to right, the Army, Navy/Marine Corps/Coast Guard, and Air Force medals Awarded by the President in the …   Wikipedia

  • Campaign streamer — See also: Battle honour Parade in Lustgarten 9 February 1894 by Carl Röchling; ribbons can be seen attached to the flag in the center. Campaign streamers are decorations attached to military flags to recognize particular achievements or events of …   Wikipedia

  • Indian honours system — The Indian honours system was first established under the auspices of the British East India Company. In 1858, India came directly under the authority of the British Crown as a result of the Indian Mutiny of 1857 1858.Colony of India and Empire… …   Wikipedia

  • Indian Army Corps of Engineers — The logo of the Corps of Engineers Active 1777 Present Country …   Wikipedia

  • American Indian Wars — An 1899 chromolithograph of US cavalry pursuing Native Americans, artist unknown Date 1622–192 …   Wikipedia

  • Comanche Campaign — v · …   Wikipedia

  • Pine Ridge Campaign — The Pine Ridge Campaign (November, 1890 ndash;January, 1891) was the result of a number of unresolved grievances which led to the last major conflict with the Sioux, the Wounded Knee Massacre. A lopsided engagement that involved almost half the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.