Infobox Settlement
official_name =PAGENAME
native_name =

imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Khujand - a view from the river


map_caption =

pushpin_label_position =bottom
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Tajikistan
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name =‎
subdivision_name1 = Sughd
subdivision_type2 =
subdivision_name2 =
established_title =
established_date =
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi =
area_total_km2 =
area_land_sq_mi =
area_land_km2 =
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
population_footnotes =
population_total = 149,000
population_urban =
population_metro =
population_density_sq_mi =
population_density_km2 =
timezone =
utc_offset =
timezone_DST =
utc_offset_DST =
elevation_m =
elevation_ft =
postal_code_type =
postal_code = 735700
area_code = 00 992 3422
website =
footnotes =

Khujand (Tajik: unicode|Хуҷанд,خجند), also transliterated as "Khudzhand", _ru. Худжанд, formerly Khodjend or Khodzhent until 1939 and Leninabad (Leninobod, Ленинобод, لنین‌آباد) until 1992, is the second-largest city of Tajikistan. It is situated on the Syr Darya River at the mouth of the Fergana Valley. The population of the city is 149,000 (2000 census), down from 160,000 in 1989. It is also the capital of the northernmost province of Tajikistan, now called Sughd.


Classical authors state Alexander of Macedon founded a Greek settlement near the site of today's Khujand in 329 BC called the city of Alexandria Eschate (Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἐσχάτη) or "Alexandria The Furthest" - modern Khujand. It would have formed a bastion for the Greek settlers against the Scythian tribes to the north of the Syr Darya, which the Greeks called the Jaxartes River. It became a major staging point on the northern Silk Road.

During much of its history Khujand like the rest of Central Asia was once a part of the Persian Empire and its history is a part of the Persian history. Some of the famous Persian poets and scientists come from this city.

Khujand was ruined by the Arabs in the eighth century and strongly resisted the Mongol hordes five centuries later. Timurids ruled the area icluding the whole Tajikistan before It became part of Kokand Khanate. In the year of 1866 Central Asia was occupied by Russia pushing back the borders of Kokand Khanate.

The city was renamed Leninabad on October 27, 1939, and re-established on December 23, 1970. It reverted to its original name in 1992 after the breakup of the Soviet Union, and is now in the republic of Tajikistan.

ee also

* State of Hua (Hephthalite)
* Khudzhand Airport
* Khujand Branch of the Technical University of Tajikistan
* Khujand prison riot


*Hill, John E. 2004. "The Peoples of the West from the Weilue" 魏略 "by Yu Huan" 魚豢": A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265." Draft annotated English translation. [] (See under the heading for "Northern Wuyi").

External links

* - Official website of Khujand city Government (in Russian)
* (In Russian)
* (Khujand travel guide)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Khujand — Chudschand ist die zweitgrößte Stadt in Tadschikistan. Im Tadschikischen heißt die Stadt Хуҷанд/Chudschand bzw. ‏خجند‎. Die Englische Schreibweise lautet Khujand, was auch die international übliche ist. Bis 1939 hieß die Stadt Ходжент/Chodschent …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Khujand — Khodjent Carte du Tadjikistan, où l on voit Khodjent excentré au nord dans la vallée de Ferghana …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Khujand — Original name in latin Khjand Name in other language Choedzjand, Chudschand, Chudzandas, Chudzjand, Chudandas, Hodjent, Hudzand, Hudand, Khodjent, Khodyent, Khodzhent, Khojend, Khudzhand, Khujand, Khuzhant, Khjand, Kojend, LBD, Leninabad,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Khujand — Khu·jand or Khu·dzhand (ko͞o jändʹ) A city of northwest Tajikistan on the Syr Darya River south of Tashkent, Uzbekistan. Located on an ancient caravan route, it is one of the oldest towns of central Asia and marked the farthest eastward expansion …   Universalium

  • Khujand prison riot — The Khujand prison riot began on 14 April 1997 when prisoners at Khujand Men s Correctional Labor Colony 3/19 in Khujand, Tajikistan began to protest living conditions and perceived injustice in the prison system. Security forces put down the… …   Wikipedia

  • Khujand clan — The Khujand clan, also known as the Leninabad clan, is a clan based in Khujand, Tajikistan. The clan has largely controlled the Government of Tajikistan since World War II. [ tajik/tajkethn.html Language and… …   Wikipedia

  • Khujand Branch of the Technical University of Tajikistan — The Khujand Branch of the Technical University of Tajikistan ( tg. Филиали Хуҷандии Донишгоҳи Технологии Тоҷикистон, ФХДТТ) is the branch of the Technical University of Tajikistan based in Khujand …   Wikipedia

  • Grand Hotel Khujand — (Khujand,Таджикистан) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: M.Tamburi Stree …   Каталог отелей

  • FK Khujand — Football club infobox clubname = FK Khujand fullname = FK Khujand nickname = founded = ground = Khujand, Tajikistan capacity = chairman = manager = league = Tajik League season = 2006/07 position = FK Khujand is football club based in Tajikistan …   Wikipedia

  • Abu-Mahmud al-Khujand — Abu Mahmud Hamid ibn Khidr Khojandi(940 1000 dC.) (conocido como Abu Mahmud Khojandi, Alkhujandi o al Khujandi) fue un astrónomo y matemático persa que vivió a finales del siglo X. Colaboró en la construcción de un observatorio en la ciudad de… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.