imagesize = 300px
image_caption = Khujand - a view from the river
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Tajikistan
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
population_total = 149,000
postal_code = 735700
area_code = 00 992 3422
website = www.khujand.tj
Khujand (Tajik: unicode|Хуҷанд,خجند), also transliterated as "Khudzhand", _ru. Худжанд, formerly Khodjend or Khodzhent until 1939 and Leninabad (Leninobod, Ленинобод, لنینآباد) until 1992, is the second-largest city of
Tajikistan. It is situated on the Syr DaryaRiver at the mouth of the Fergana Valley. The population of the city is 149,000 (2000 census), down from 160,000 in 1989. It is also the capital of the northernmost province of Tajikistan, now called Sughd.
Classical authors state
Alexander of Macedonfounded a Greek settlement near the site of today's Khujand in 329 BCcalled the city of Alexandria Eschate(Ἀλεξάνδρεια Ἐσχάτη) or "Alexandria The Furthest" - modern Khujand. It would have formed a bastion for the Greek settlers against the Scythian tribes to the north of the Syr Darya, which the Greeks called the Jaxartes River. It became a major staging point on the northern Silk Road.
During much of its history Khujand like the rest of
Central Asiawas once a part of the Persian Empireand its history is a part of the Persian history. Some of the famous Persian poets and scientists come from this city.
Khujand was ruined by the
Arabs in the eighth century and strongly resisted the Mongol hordes five centuries later. Timuridsruled the area icluding the whole Tajikistanbefore It became part of Kokand Khanate. In the year of 1866 Central Asia was occupied by Russiapushing back the borders of Kokand Khanate.
The city was renamed Leninabad on
October 27, 1939, and re-established on December 23, 1970. It reverted to its original name in 1992 after the breakup of the Soviet Union, and is now in the republic of Tajikistan.
State of Hua (Hephthalite)
Khujand Branch of the Technical University of Tajikistan
Khujand prison riot
*Hill, John E. 2004. "The Peoples of the West from the Weilue" 魏略 "by Yu Huan" 魚豢": A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265." Draft annotated English translation. [http://depts.washington.edu/silkroad/texts/weilue/weilue.html] (See under the heading for "Northern Wuyi").
*http://khujand.tj/ - Official website of Khujand city Government (in Russian)
*http://www.angelfire.com/pe/rudaki/khujand.html (In Russian)
*http://www.virtualtourist.com/travel/Asia/Tajikistan/Viloyati_Leninobod/Khujand-1431593/TravelGuide-Khujand.html (Khujand travel guide)
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