- Calcasieu River
The Calcasieu River (KAL-kuh-shoo) is a river on the
Gulf Coastof southwestern Louisiana, U.S.A.. Approximately 200 miles (320 km) long, it drains a largely rural area of forests and bayoucountry, meandering southward to the Gulf of Mexico. The name "Calcasieu" comes from the Native American Atakapalanguage "katkosh", for Eagle, and "yok", to cry. Its historical Spanish name was Arroyo Hondo("Deep Stream").
The Calcasieu rises in Vernon Parish, north of Leesville and flows initially southeast, passing through the
Kisatchie National Forestsouthwest of Alexandria. It then turns southwest, flowing past Oakdale and Lake Charles, the largest city on the river. It enters the north end of the brackish Calcasieu Lake, an estuaryon the Gulf of Mexico approximately 10 miles (16 km) southwest of Lake Charles. The lake, which is referred to by locals as "Big Lake", is connected by a 5-mile (8 km) channel to the gulf on the south end. The lower portion of the river south of Lake Charles is paralleled by a navigable canal which connects to the Gulf Intracoastal Waterway.
In the early 19th century, the area of present-day Louisiana and
Texaswest of the Calcasieu and east of the Neches Riverwas disputed between the U.S. and Mexico. The dispute arose from differing interpretations of the Adams-Onís Treaty. The area became known as Neutral Ground and became a haven for privateers outside the legal jurisdiction of both nations.
Because the river passes through areas intensive in
petroleumrefining and other industries, petrochemical wastes have been found contaminating the river and estuarine environment along the lower Calcasieu River. In 1994 Condea Vistaleaked about 47 million pounds of highly carcinogenic ethylene dichlorideinto the river, and then tried to cover up. Most of it drained into the Gulf.
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