HERMES experiment


HERMES experiment

HERMES is an experiment being conducted using the HERA particle accelerator located at DESY in Hamburg. The experiment's goal is to investigate the quark-gluon structure of matter by examining how a nucleon's constituents affect its spin. HERMES completed its first run between 1995 and 2000, and a second run began in 2001 and is scheduled to end during the summer of 2007.

HERMES is being conducted by scientists from more than 13 countries.

Method

Polarized electrons are fired at polarized gas targets. The virtual photon emitted by the electron is also polarized and so seeks out quarks of spin in the same direction as the photon. The asymmertry of ejected quarks is found to deduce the net polarisation of the quarks.

UGFS

The unpolarized gas feed system was used for non polarized "end of fill" or heavy target running before the polarized target was removed in 2003. Currently the UGFS supplies the target gasses in the new detector configuration.

ources

* [http://www-hermes.desy.de HERMES]
* [http://www.markusehrenfried.de/science/physics/hermes/theheraaccelerat.html http://www.markusehrenfried.de/science/physics/hermes/theheraaccelerat.html]
* [http://nuclear.gla.ac.uk/~protopop/teaching/gui/ http://nuclear.gla.ac.uk/~protopop/teaching/gui/]


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