- Anders Lassen
Anders Frederik Emil Victor Schau Lassen
Born 22 September 1920
Died 9 April 1945(aged 24)
Buried at Agenta Gap war cemetery Service/branch , British Army Years of service 1940–1945 Rank Major Unit Special Air Service Commands held Special Boat Squadron Battles/wars Second World War Awards Victoria Cross
* indicates another award
Anders Frederik Emil Victor Schau Lassen VC, MC & Two Bars (22 September 1920 - 9 April 1945) was a Danish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Anders Lassen was the son of Emil Victor Schau Lassen and Suzanne Maria Signe Lassen, of Nyhavn, Copenhagen and a cousin of Axel von dem Bussche, who in 1943 unsuccessfully tried to kill Adolf Hitler. . Serving in the Danish Merchant Navy, he came to the United Kingdom shortly after the start of the Second World War where he joined the British Commandos in 1940, serving with No. 62 Commando (also known as the Small Scale Raiding Force) as a private. He was commissioned in the field and awarded an immediate Military Cross for his part in Operation Postmaster the capture of three Italian and German ships from the neutral Spanish island of Fernando Po now known as Bioko, in the Gulf of Guinea.
No. 62 Commando was later absorbed into the Special Air Service in February 1944 and Lassen rose through the ranks to become a Major by October 1944. During his service he fought in North-West Europe, North Africa, Crete, the Aegean islands, mainland Greece, Yugoslavia and Italy. He was awarded a second and third bar to the Military Cross, the first dated 27 September 1943 and the seconded dated 15 February 1944.
The London Gazette of 4 September 1945, gives the following particulars:-
•The KING has been graciously pleased to approve the posthumous award of the Victoria Cross to: — Major (temporary) Anders Frederik Emil Victor Schau LASSEN, M.C. (234907), General List. In- Italy, on the night of 8/9 April 1945, Major Lassen was ordered to take out a patrol of one officer and seventeen other ranks to raid the north shore of Lake Comacchio. His tasks were to cause as many casualties and as much confusion as possible, to give the impression of a major landing, and to capture prisoners. ' No previous reconnaissance was possible, and the party found itself on a narrow road flanked on both sides by water. Preceded by two scouts, Major Lassen led his men along the road towards the town. They were challenged after approximately 500 yards from a position on the side of the road. An attempt to allay suspicion by answering that they were fishermen returning home failed, for when moving forward again to overpower the sentry, machinegun fire started from the position, and also from two other blockhouses to the rear. Major Lassen himself then attacked with grenades, and annihilated the first position containing four Germans and two machineguns. Ignoring the hail of bullets sweeping fire road from three enemy positions, an additional one having come into action from 300 yards down the road, he raced forward to engage the second position under covering fire from the remainder of the force. Throwing in- more grenades he silenced this position which was then overrun by his patrol. Two enemy were killed, two captured and two more machine-guns silenced. By this time the force had suffered casualties and its fire power was very considerably reduced. Still under a heavy cone of fire Major Lassen rallied and reorganised his force and brought his fire to bear on the third position. Moving forward himself he flung in more grenades which produced a cry of " Kamerad ". He then went forward to within three or four yards of the position to order the enemy outside, and to take their surrender. Whilst shouting to them to come out he was hit by a burst of spandau fire from the left of the position and he fell mortally wounded, but even whilst falling he flung a grenade, wounding some of the occupants, and enabling his patrol to dash in and capture this final position. Major Lassen refused to be evacuated as he said it would impede the withdrawal and endanger further lives, and as ammunition was nearly exhausted the force had to withdraw. By his magnificent leadership and complete disregard for his personal safety, Major Lassen had, in the face of overwhelming superiority, achieved his objects. Three positions were wiped out, accounting for six machine guns, killing eight and wounding others of the enemy, and two prisoners were taken. The high sense of devotion to duty and the esteem in which he was held by the men he led, added to his own magnificent courage, enabled Major Lassen to carry out all the tasks he had been given with complete success.
Lassen is buried at the Argenta Gap war cemetery grave II, E, 11.
His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Museum of Danish Resistance (Frihedsmuseet) in Copenhagen, Denmark. He was also the recipient of the King Christian X Memorial Medal, the Military Cross and two Bars, The Greek War Cross, The 1939-45 Star, The Africa Star, The Italy Star, The Defence Medal and The War Medal. .
- Anders Lassen VC, MC, of the SAS (Mike Langley, 1988)
- British VCs of World War 2 (John Laffin, 1997)
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (This England, 1997)
- Unge Anders Lassen, (Frithjof Sælen, Bergen, John Griegs Forlag, 1950)
- Anders Lassens krig, 9. april 1940-9. april 1945 (Thomas Harder, København, Information, 2010)
- Anders Lassen - Sømand og soldat (Beretninger samlet af hans moder Suzanne Lassen, København, Gyldendal, 1949/ MeMeMedia, 2000)
- ^ a b "Casualty details". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. http://www.cwgc.org/search/casualty_details.aspx?casualty=1716704. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- ^ Richards and Foot, p.93
- ^ London Gazette: . 9 February 1946. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- ^ London Gazette: . 4 September 1945. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- ^ "decorations". Anders Lassen Fonden. http://www.anderslassenfonden.dk/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3&Itemid=2. Retrieved 16 June 2010.
- Richards, Brooks; Foot, M R D (2002). Clandestine Sea Operations to Brittany: 1940 - 1944. Routledge. ISBN 0714653160.
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