- Limburg (Belgium)
Infobox Belgian Province
EnglishName = Limburg
LocalNameInLanguage1 = ( _nl. Limburg)
region = BE-VLG
area = 2,414
population_as_of = (2004)
population = 805786
populationdensity = 333
officialsite = http://www.limburg.be/
:"This article deals with a province in Belgium. For other uses of Limburg, see:
Limburg. For the town of Limbourg or Limburg in Belgium, see: Limbourg"
Limburg is the easternmost province of
Flanders(which is one of the three regions of Belgium), and is located west of the Maas river. It borders on (clockwise from the North) the Netherlandsand the Belgian provinces of Liège, Flemish Brabantand Antwerp. Its capital is Hasselt. It has an area of 2,414 km² which is divided into three Arrondissements ("arrondissementen" in Dutch) containing 44 municipalities. Among them is Genk, one of the economical centres of the province. An educational centre, as a result of the presence of a university, is Diepenbeeknear Hasselt.
As in all Flemish provinces, the official language is Dutch, but two municipalities:
Herstappeand Voerenare to a certain extent allowed to use French to communicate with their citizens; these are called the municipalities with language facilities. Other such special municipalities can be found along the border between Flanders and Wallonia, and between Wallonia and the German-speaking area of Belgium.
Belgian Limburg is crossed by the
Albert Canal, and has historically been a major coal-mining area.North of the Albert Canal and the river Demer, is the Campineregion, with sandy soils, bush, forests and the coal-mining area.South of the Albert Canal and the river Demer, is the Hesbayeregion, with fertile soils, farming and fruit. In the southeast also more low hills.
Limburg's name derives from the fortified castle town known as Limbourg, situated on the river Vesdrein the Ardennes, now in the Walloon province of Liège. It was the seat of the medieval Duchy of Limburgwhich extended into the Meuseregion north of the city of Liège. However, most the area of the current Dutch Limburg was not part of this polity but was divided among several states including the Duchy of Brabant, the Duchy of Jülich, and the Bishopric of Liège, as well as the Duchy of Limburg. A result of this division is still evident in the plethora of distinct varieties of the Limburgish languagespoken in Limburg municipalities.
Napoleonic Era, the great powers ( United Kingdom, Prussia, Austrian Empire, Russian Empire, and France) united the region with the new United Kingdom of the Netherlandsin 1815. A new province was formed and was to receive the name " Maastricht," after its capital. The first king, William I, who did not want the name Limburg to be lost, insisted that the name be changed to "Limburg." As such, the name of the new province derived from the old Duchy of Limburgthat had existed until 1648 within the triangle of Maastricht, Liège, and Aachen.
When the Catholic South, both the Dutch and French speaking regions, split away from the mainly Calvinist, Dutch North in the
Belgian Revolutionof 1830, the province of Limburg was at first almost entirely under Belgian rule. In 1839 Limburg was split into so-called "Dutch" Limburg and "Belgian" Limburg, though it became Flemish when all provinces in Belgium came under control of institutional regions. Limburg mijn Vaderlandis the official anthem of both Belgian and Dutch Limburg.
*Ford Automobile Factory in Genk
*Belgium's fruit producing region Haspengouw (
Hesbaye) is predominantly situated in Limburg.
Zutendaal Arrondissement Maaseik:
Willy Claes(1938) - Politician; former Secretary General of NATO.
Robert Cailliau, (1947) - Co-inventor of the World Wide Web, together with Tim Berners-Lee.
Adrien de Gerlache- former Antarctica explorer
Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt(1794-1874) - Politician; former Prime Minister
Neel Doff(1858-1942) - Writer
Hendrik van Veldeke(1858-1942) - First writer from the Low Countries known by name (c. 1140-c. 1190)
Ambiorix(1st century B.C.) - Gallic leader; leader of the Eburons.
Stijn Helsen(1973) - Fashion designer.
Sports & Entertainment
Ingrid Berghmans(1961) - Former judoka world champion
Kim Clijsters- Former tennis player
Harry Everts- Former motocross world champion
Stefan Everts- Former motocross world champion
Eric Geboers- Former motocross world champion
Eric Gerets- Former soccer player
Karel Lismont- Former athlete
Jacky Martens- Former motocross world champion
Axelle Red- Singer
Eric Vanderaerden(1962) - Former cyclist
Ingrid Vandebosch- model and married to NASCAR driver Jeff Gordon
Casimir (furniture designer)
Jan van Eyck(ca.1390-1441) - Flemish painter
An internationally well known Limburgian place is
Zolder, where racing circuit Terlamen is located, on which in the past among others two Worldchampionships in roadcycling were held, as well as several Formula one car races.
List of Governors of Limburg, Belgium
Limburg (Netherlands), a province in southeastern Netherlands.
Limburg Science Park
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Look at other dictionaries:
List of governors of Limburg, Belgium — List of the governors of the Belgian province Limburg.GovernorsGovernors of Limburg (Belgium and the Netherlands): *1815 1828: Charles de Brouckere (1757 1830) *1928 1830: Maximilien de Beeckman (1781 1834) Governors of Belgian Limburg (whole… … Wikipedia
Weert, Limburg, Belgium — Weert is a village in Limburg Province, Belgium.References*GEOnet| 1972545 … Wikipedia
Limburg (Netherlands) — Limburg Province Flag … Wikipedia
Limburg — may refer to:Low countries* 1065 1794: the old Duchy of Limburg, which was part of the Holy Roman Empire * 1815 1839: Province of Limburg, a former province of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands * 1839 1866: the new Duchy of Limburg, which was … Wikipedia
Limburg an der Lahn — Limburg an der Lahn … Wikipedia
Belgium — • Information on the history, education, and cemeteries of the country Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Belgium Belgium † … Catholic encyclopedia
BELGIUM — BELGIUM, West European kingdom. The Medieval Community Jews first appeared in the southern Netherlands during the early 13th century, although the exact date of their settlement there cannot be ascertained. They arrived from the east, most… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Limburg — [lim′bʉrg΄] 1. province of NE Belgium: 935 sq mi (2,422 sq km); pop. 775,000; cap. Hasselt: also Limbourg [lim′bərg; ] Fr [ lan bo͞or′] 2. province of SE Netherlands: 848 sq mi (2,196 sq km); pop. 1,130,000; cap. Maastricht 3. former duchy… … English World dictionary
Belgium — /bel jeuhm/, n. a kingdom in W Europe, bordering the North Sea, N of France. 10,203,683; 11,779 sq. mi. (30,508 sq. km). Cap.: Brussels. French, Belgique /bel zheek /; Flemish, België /bel khee euh/. * * * Belgium Introduction Belgium Background … Universalium
Limburg — /lim berrg/; Du. /lim buerddkh/, n. a medieval duchy in W Europe: now divided into a province in the SE Netherlands (Limburg) and a province in NE Belgium (Limbourg). * * * ▪ historical region, Europe historic region of the Low Countries… … Universalium