El Jadida


El Jadida
El Jadida
الجديدة ⵎⴰⵣⵖⴰⵏ/ⵊⴷⵉⴷⴰ
Mazagan
Panorama of El Jadida
El Jadida is located in Morocco
El Jadida
Location in Morocco
Coordinates: 33°14′N 8°30′W / 33.233°N 8.5°W / 33.233; -8.5
Country  Morocco
Region Doukkala-Abda
Province Province of El Jadida
Population (2010)
 - Total 147,549
Time zone WET (UTC+0)
 - Summer (DST) WEST (UTC+1)
Official name: Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida)
Type: Cultural
Criteria: ii, iv
Designated: 2004 (28th session)
Reference #: 1058
State Party:  Morocco
Region: Arab States

El Jadida (Berber: ⵎⴰⵣⵖⴰⵏ Mazghan, Arabic:الجديدة "new") is a port city on the Atlantic coast of Morocco, in the province of El Jadida. It has a population of 144,440 (2004 census). From the sea, El Jadida's old city; has a very "un-Moorish" appearance; it has massive Portuguese walls of hewn stone.[1]

El Jadida, previously known as Mazagan (Portuguese: Mazagão), was seized in 1502 by the Portuguese, and they controlled this city until 1769, when they abandoned Mazagão. Its inhabitants were evacuated to Brazil, where they founded new settlement Nova Mazagão (now in Amapá). El Jadida was then taken over by Sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah.

El Jadida fortified town.
Manueline cistern of the El Jadida fortress.

The Portuguese Fortified City of Mazagan was registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2004, on the basis of its status as an "outstanding example of the interchange of influences between European and Moroccan cultures" and as an "early example of the realisation of the Renaissance ideals integrated with Portuguese construction technology".

According to UNESCO,[2] the most important buildings from the Portuguese period are the cistern, and the Manueline Church of the Assumption.

At present, the city's main exports are beans, almonds, maize, chickpeas, wool, hides, wax and eggs. It imports cotton, sugar, tea and rice. The presence of nearby ports and factories is responsible for the pollution of El Jadida's beaches.

The modern city of Essaouira (containing some of the earliest recorded Phoenician settlement history of Morocco: the archaeological ruins of Mogador[3]) connects to El Jadida from the south via the R301 road.

Contents

Landmarks of El Jadida/Mazagan

  • The Municipal Theater of El Jadida
  • The Portuguese Cistern
  • The Canons and the Fortress
  • The Old Port

People

Town twinning

References

  1. ^ Paula Hardy, Heidi Edsall, Mara Vorhees (2005). Morocco. Lonely Planet. ISBN 1740596781. http://books.google.com/books?visbn=1740596781&id=FKxWBLwMBqYC&pg=PP132&lpg=PP132&ots=M6ZmqMQy-f&dq=El+Jadida&ie=ISO-8859-1&output=html&sig=aAx9rjDRgDUssro2ZhOhtUOCdBw. 
  2. ^ Portuguese City of Mazagan (El Jadida) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  3. ^ C.Michael Hogan, Mogador: Promontory Fort, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, November 2, 2007 [1]

External links

Coordinates: 33°14′N 8°30′W / 33.233°N 8.5°W / 33.233; -8.5


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jadida —   [dʒ ], El Jadida, Al Djadida [dʒ ], Hafenstadt und Seebad an der Westküste Marokkos, an einer Meeresbucht des Atlantischen Ozeans, 81 500 Einwohner; Sitz der Provinz Verwaltung; Flughafen. 15 km südlich der neue Hafen Jorf Lasfar.   Stadtbild:… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jadida — (El ) (al Gadîda) (anc. Mazagan) port du Maroc, près de Casablanca; 150 000 hab.; ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom. La ville fut fondée par les Portugais en 1513. Le sultan Mohammed ben Abdallah la leur prit en 1769 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jadida, El — ▪ Morocco formerly (until c. 1960)  Mazagan , also spelled  Al Jadīdah        Atlantic port city, north central Morocco, lying about 55 miles (90 km) southwest of Casablanca. The settlement developed after 1502 around a Portuguese fort and, as… …   Universalium

  • El-Jadida — 33°14′N 8°30′W / 33.233, 8.5 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • El Jadida — 33°14′N 8°30′W / 33.233, 8.5 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • El Jadida — El Jadida …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sala El Jadida — Cette page a été supprimée. Le journal des suppressions et des déplacements est affiché ci dessous pour référence. 5 octobre 2009 à 20:36 Moumou82 (discuter | contributions) a renommé Sala El Jadida en Sala El Jadida/copyvio [redirection… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Province d'El Jadida — El Jadida Drapeau Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Provincia de El Jadida — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Provincia de El Jadida  de Marruecos Capital El Jadida Población   …   Wikipedia Español

  • École nationale de commerce et de gestion d'El Jadida — ENCG El Jadida Informations Fondation 2006 Type École de commerce Localisation Ville El Jadida …   Wikipédia en Français


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