- Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
Ukrainian:Акт проголошення незалежності України
Ratified 24 August 1991 Location Kiev
Place where document was signed, not location of copies
Authors Levko Lukyanenko Signatories Verkhovna Rada Purpose Declaration of independence Ukraine
This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
The Act was adopted in the aftermath of the August 19th coup attempt when conservative Communist leaders of the Soviet Union tried to restore central Communist party control over the USSR. In response, the parliament of the Ukrainian SSR in a special Saturday session overwhelmingly approved the Act of Declaration. The Act passed with 321 votes in favor, 2 votes against, and 6 abstentions. The author of the text was Levko Lukyanenko.
The same day (August 24), the parliament called for a referendum on support for the Declaration of Independence. The proposal for calling the national referendum came jointly from majority leader Oleksandr Moroz and opposition leader Ihor Yukhnovsky.
In the independence referendum on December 1, 1991, the people of Ukraine expressed widespread support for the Act of Declaration of Independence, with more than 90% voting in favor, and 82% of the electorate participating. Shortly after, the independence of Ukraine was recognized worldwide.
Since 1992, August 24th is celebrated in Ukraine as Independence Day.
Act of Independence
“ Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
- In view of the mortal danger surrounding Ukraine in connection with the state coup in the USSR on August 19, 1991,
- Continuing the thousand-year tradition of state development in Ukraine,
- Proceeding from the right of a nation to self-determination in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and other international legal documents, and
- Implementing the Declaration of State Sovereignty of Ukraine,
The territory of Ukraine is indivisible and inviolable.
This act becomes effective at the moment of its approval.
—VERKHOVNA RADA OF UKRAINE, August 24, 1991
- Ukrainian independence referendum, 1991 – for a Ukrainian language copy of the Act printed on a referendum ballot.
- (Ukrainian) Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine – Official Verkhovna Rada website
- (English) Act of Declaration of Independence of Ukraine – Official Verkhovna Rada website
- (English) Act of Declaration of the Independence of Ukraine – The Ukrainian Weekly, translation by The Ukrainian Weekly
- (English) Declaration of Independence of Ukraine – The Windsor Viter, Volume 12, Number 1, July, 2001 Part 2, translation by Andrew Gregorovich
- (Ukrainian) "Great Saturday" – an interview with writer and parliament deputy Stepan Pushyk on the events of August 24, 1991.
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