United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom


United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom

The office of United States Ambassador (or Minister) to the United Kingdom (known formally as Ambassador to the Court of St. James's) has traditionally been the most prestigious position in the United States Foreign Service, and has been held by various notable politicians, including five future presidents: John Adams, James Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Martin Van Buren and James Buchanan. Other prominent politicians to have held the ambassadorship include Rufus King, Edward Everett, Charles Francis Adams, Sr., Robert T. Lincoln, John W. Davis, Joseph P. Kennedy, Averell Harriman, and Elliot Richardson.

The Ambassador works at the American Embassy in Grosvenor Square, London and lives at Winfield House in Regent's Park.

Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's, 1785-1811

*John Adams (MA) 1785-1788
*Thomas Pinckney (SC) 1792-1796
*Rufus King (NY) 1796-1803
*James Monroe (VA) 1803-1807
*William Pinkney (MD) 1808-1811
*"From 1811 to the outbreak of the War of 1812, "chargé d'affaires" Jonathan Russell was the chief United States officer in London."

Envoys Extraordinary and Ministers Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's, 1815-1893

*John Quincy Adams (MA) 1815-1817
*Richard Rush (PA) 1818-1825
*Rufus King (NY) 1825-1826
*Albert Gallatin (PA) 1826-1827
*James Barbour (VA) 1828-1829
*Louis McLane (DE) 1829-1831
*Martin Van Buren (NY) 1831-1832
*"From 1832 to 1836, Aaron Vail, the American "chargé d'affaires", acted as the chief American officer in London."
*Andrew Stevenson (VA) 1836-1841
*Edward Everett (MA) 1841-1845
*Louis McLane (DE) 1845-1846
*George Bancroft (NY) 1846-1849
*Abbott Lawrence (MA) 1849-1852
*Joseph R. Ingersoll (PA) 1852-1853
*James Buchanan (PA) 1853-1856
*George M. Dallas (PA) 1856-1861
*Charles Francis Adams, Sr. (MA) 1861-1868
*Reverdy Johnson (MD) 1868-1869
*John Lothrop Motley (MA) 1869-1870
*Robert C. Schenck (OH) 1871-1876
*Edwards Pierrepont (NY) 1876-1877
*John Welsh (PA) 1877-1879
*James Russell Lowell (MA) 1880-1885
*Edward J. Phelps (VT) 1885-1889
*Robert T. Lincoln (IL) 1889-1893

Ambassadors Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the Court of St. James's, 1893-present

*Thomas F. Bayard, Sr. (DE) 1893-1897
*John Hay (DC) 1897-1898
*Joseph Choate (NY) 1899-1905
*Whitelaw Reid (NY) 1905-1912
*Walter Hines Page (NY) 1913-1918
*John W. Davis (WV) 1918-1921
*George Brinton McClellan Harvey (NJ) 1921-1923
*Frank B. Kellogg (MN) 1924-1925
*Alanson B. Houghton (NY) 1925-1929
*Charles G. Dawes (IL) 1929-1931
*Andrew W. Mellon (PA) 1932-1933
*Robert Worth Bingham (KY) 1933-1937
*Joseph P. Kennedy (NY) 1938-1940
*John G. Winant (NH) 1941-1946
*W. Averell Harriman (NY) 1946
*Lewis W. Douglas (AZ) 1947-1950
*Walter S. Gifford (NY) 1950-1953
*Winthrop W. Aldrich (NY) 1953-1957
*John Hay Whitney (NY) 1957-1961
*David K. E. Bruce (MD) 1961-1969
*Walter H. Annenberg (PA) 1969-1974
*Elliot L. Richardson (MA) 1975-1976
*Anne Legendre Armstrong (TX) 1976-1977
*Kingman Brewster, Jr. (CT) 1977-1981
*John J. Louis, Jr. (IL) 1981-1983
*Charles H. Price II (MO) 1983-1989
*Henry E. Catto, Jr. (TX) 1989-1991
*Raymond G. H. Seitz (TX) 1991-1994
*William J. Crowe, Jr. (VA) 1994-1997
*Philip Lader (SC) 1997-2001
*William S. Farish III (TX) 2001-2004
*Robert H. Tuttle (CA) 2005-

External links

* [http://www.usembassy.org.uk/rcambex.html American Ambassadors to the UK (Embassy webpage)]


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