Madara Rider


Madara Rider

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Madara Rider


State Party = BUL
Type = Cultural
Criteria = i, iii
ID = 43
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 1979
Session = 3rd
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/43

The Madara Rider or Madara Horseman ( _bg. Мадарски конник, "Madarski konnik") is an early medieval large rock relief carved on the Madara Plateau east of Shumen in northeastern Bulgaria, near the village of Madara.

On 29 June 2008, 25.44% of the Bulgarian voters have chosen the Madara Horseman to be depicted on their future euro coins. [cite web | url=http://infobulgaria.info/new2/bgsimvoli/ | title=Bulgaria selected the new eruo design | publisher=Info Bulgaria | accessdate=2008-06-30] [cite web | url=http://www.novinite.com/view_news.php?id=94629 | title=Bulgaria Chooses Madara Horseman for National Symbol at Euro Coin Design | publisher=Sofia News Agency Novinite | accessdate=2008-07-01] [cite web | url=http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1214761621.35 | title=Bulgaria chooses heritage site to adorn euro coins | publisher=EU Buisness | accessdate=2008-07-01]

Monument

The relief depicts a majestic horseman 23 m above ground level in an almost vertical 100-metre-high cliff. The horseman, facing right, is thrusting a spear into a lion lying at his horse's feet. An eagle is flying in front of the horseman and a dog is running after him. The scene symbolically depicts a military triumph.

The monument is dated back to circa 710 AD and has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 1979. The dating means the monument was created during the rule of Bulgar Khan Tervel, and supports the thesis that it is a portrayal of the khan himself and a work of the Bulgars, a nomadic tribe of warriors which settled in northeastern Bulgaria at the end of the 7th century AD and after merging with the local Slavs gave origin to the modern Bulgarians. Other theories connect the relief with the ancient Thracians, claiming it portrays a Thracian god.

Inscriptions

Three partially preserved texts in Medieval Greek, carved in the rock, can be found around the image of the rider. They bear important information regarding the history of Bulgaria in the period. According to Professor Veselin Beshevliev and his book "Protobulgarians", the oldest inscription is the work of Tervel (695-721 AD), thus the relief has also been created during his rule. The other inscriptions refer to the khans Krum (796-814 AD) and Omurtag (814-831 AD) and were most likely carved on their order.The texts of the inscriptions after Professor Veselin Beshevliev (translated from Bulgarian publication Веселин Бешевлиев, "Първобългарски надписи", Издателство на Българската академия на науките, София, 1979, стр. 94):

inscription I c

" [...] of Bulgars [...] and came to Tervel. My uncles in Thessaloniki region didn't credit to the slit-nosed Emperor and returned to Kisinas [...] his one [...] through treaty the ruler Tervel gave to the Emperor [...] 5 thousand [...] the Emperor together with me won well."

inscription II a and b

" [...] gold coins [...] he gave [...] gold coins the ruler [...] soldiers [...] the ruler [...] the Greeks [..] what I gave to you every year, I am going to give you, because you helped me [...] every year we are going to give you and the Emperor sent to the ruler [...] and begged the ruler Kroumesis [...] the ruler [...] when distributed the gold coins [...] they began [...] gave from [...] the ruler Kroumesis gifted [...] this lake [...] you did [...] the ruler [...] broke the treaties [...] war [...] at that time [...] name [...] "

inscription III

" [...] was fed [...] broke and from the God Omourtag ruler [...] sent [...] help me [...] "

Honour

Madara Peak on Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands, Antarctica is named after the historic site of Madara.

References

* cite book
last = Stancheva
first = Magdalina
coauthors = Totyu Totev
year = 1996
title = The Madara Horseman
publisher = Antos
url = http://www.digsys.bg/books/cultural_heritage/madara/madara-intro.html
id = ISBN 954-8901-06-4

* cite web
url = http://www.journey.bg/bulgaria/bulgaria.php?&city=1744&gtype=10&gsubtype=9&gtype=10
title = The Madara Rider
accessdate = 2006-07-05
last = Racheva
first = Nataliya
publisher = Journey.bg
language = Bulgarian

* Vesselin Beschevliev, "Les inscriptions du relief de Madara", Bsl, 16, 1955, p. 212–254 (Medieval Greek, French).
* Vesselin Beschevliev, "Die protobulgarischen Inschriften", Berlin, 1963 (Medieval Greek, German).
* Веселин Бешевлиев, "Първобългарски надписи", Издателство на Българската академия на науките, София, 1979 (Medieval Greek, Bulgarian).

External links

* [http://mandara.narod.ru/nadpisi.htm Text of all Madara Rider inscriptions] (in Medieval Greek with a translation to modern Bulgarian)


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Madara (disambiguation) — Madara is a Japanese media franchise.Madara may also refer to: * Moryou Senki Madara 2 , a video game released in Japan * Madara (album), by The Gazette *Madara (village), in Bulgaria *Madara Peak, a 430m peak in Vidin Heights, Livingston Island… …   Wikipedia

  • Madara (village) — east of the city of Shumen, at the western foot of the Madara plateau.Madara is famous for the Madara National Historical and Archaeological Reserve convert|1.5|km|mi|abbr=on east of the village, one of the 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria. The… …   Wikipedia

  • Caballero de Madara — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Caballero de Madara1 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bulgars — Not to be confused with Bulgarians. Victorious Bulgar soldiers killing their East Roman (Byzantine) opponents, from the Menology of Basil II, 10th century …   Wikipedia

  • First Bulgarian Empire — Първo българско царство Părvo Bălgarsko Tsarstvo ← …   Wikipedia

  • Commemorative coins of Bulgaria — Republic of Bulgaria Република България ISO 3166 code BG …   Wikipedia

  • 3-я сессия Комитета Всемирного наследия ЮНЕСКО — проходила с 22 по 26 октября 1979 года, в Каире и Луксоре, Египет. Было подано 45 объектов. Таким образом, общее число достигло  57 (42 объекта культурного наследия, 13 природного наследия и 2 места смешанного типа). Содержание …   Википедия

  • 100 Tourist Sites of Bulgaria — is a Bulgarian national union established in 1966 to promote tourism among Bulgaria s most significant cultural, historic, and natural landmarks. As part of this program, each chosen landmark has its own individual seal, which is used to stamp… …   Wikipedia

  • Bulgarian–Ottoman Wars — Bulgarian Ottoman Wars Clockwise from right: Emperor Ivan Alexander, the remains of the Shumen fortress, Sultan Bayazid I Date …   Wikipedia

  • Patrimonio de la humanidad en Bulgaria — Anexo:Patrimonio de la humanidad en Bulgaria Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bulgaria cuenta actualmente con nueve lugares declarados Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO[1] , dos de los cuales son naturales y el resto culturales: Tipo Año …   Wikipedia Español


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.