Antiochus


Antiochus

Antiochus is the name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid Empire:

*Antiochus I Soter
*Antiochus II Theos
*Antiochus III the Great
*Antiochus IV Epiphanes
*Antiochus V Eupator
*Antiochus VI Dionysus
*Antiochus VII Sidetes
*Antiochus VIII Grypus
*Antiochus IX Cyzicenus
*Antiochus X Eusebes
*Antiochus XI Epiphanes
*Antiochus XII Dionysus
*Antiochus XIII Asiaticus

*Antiochus was the father of Seleucus I Nicator, founder of the Seleucid Empire

It is also the name of Antiochus Hierax, the rebel brother of Seleucus II Callinicus

Antiochus is also the name of rulers and various princes of the small middle-eastern kingdom of Commagene:

Kings of Commagene
*Antiochus I Theos of Commagene
*Antiochus III of Commagene
*Antiochus IV of Commagene, who ruled during the time of Caligula

Princes of Commagene
*Antiochus II of Commagene
*Gaius Julius Archelaus Antiochus Epiphanes
*Gaius Julius Antiochus Epiphanes Philopappos

Antiochus is also a common name in Ancient Greece, referring to: philosophers:
*Antiochus of Ascalon, philosopher born late second c. B.C.; died c. 68/67 B.C.. skeptic and member of Plato's Academy
*Antiochus of Athens (1st or 2nd century), philosopher and astrologer.
*Antiochus of Syracuse historian (~423 BC) [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0204.html]

Other early bearers of the name "Antiochus" in Ancient Greece include:

*Antiochus of Dodona 6th c.BC (oldest evidence of the name) [Epirus (region) — Dodona — 6th c. BC [http://epigraphy.packhum.org/inscriptions/oi?ikey=306791&bookid=163&region=4&subregion=10] ]
* Antiochus king of Orestis (region) (429/8 BC) (Thucydides 2.80.6)
*Antiochus Athenian admiral of Alcibiades (~407 BC) [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0202.html]
*Antiochus Arcadian ambassador and pankratiast (~367 BC) [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0201.html]

Antiochus is also the name of some Christian saints (see Saint Antiochus).

References

* [http://www.ancientlibrary.com/smith-bio/0201.html Antiochus] Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology


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  • ANTIOCHUS° — ANTIOCHUS°, name of 13 Seleucid monarchs who ruled Syria for the greater part of two and a half centuries. They include: (1) ANTIOCHUS I SOTER (b. 324 B.C.E.), son of Seleucus I Nicator, ruled from 281 to 261. Although unsuccessful in his attempt …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antiochus — Antiochus1 [an tī′ə kəs] n. name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria Antiochus2 [an tī′ə kəs] 1. Antiochus III 242 187 B.C.; Syrian king (223 187): called Antiochus the Great 2. Antiochus IV died 163? B.C.; Syrian king (175? 163?) …   Universalium

  • Antiochus — Antiochus1 [an tī′ə kəs] n. name of thirteen kings of the Seleucid dynasty of Syria Antiochus2 [an tī′ə kəs] 1. Antiochus III 242 187 B.C.; Syrian king (223 187): called Antiochus the Great 2. Antiochus IV died 163? B.C.; Syrian king (175? 163?) …   English World dictionary

  • Antiochus V — Eupator (ca. 173 BC 162 BC), was a ruler of the Greek Seleucid Empire who reigned 164 162 BC. He was only nine when he succeeded to the kingship, following the death in Persia of his father Antiochus IV Epiphanes. Regent for the boy was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Antiochus — Antiochus, der Name von 12 oder 13 syrisch griechischen Königen; unter ihnen: Antiochus I. 282–262 vor Chr., Soter (Retter) wegen eines Sieges über die Galater genannt. A. II., Theos (Gott), 262–246 vor Chr., kriegte ohne Vortheil mit Aegypten; A …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ANTIOCHUS IV — ANTIOCHUS IV. Epiphanes, h. e. Illustris sive Nobilis, post Seleucum fratrem, VIII. Syriae Rex, regnavit ann. 12. Hic Hierosolymam destruxit, et muta mala Iudaeis intulit, crudelissimus omnium tyrannorum, ideoque Epimanes, h. e. Insanus, aut… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Antiochus — Antiŏchus, mehrere syr. Könige aus dem Geschlecht der Seleukiden. A. I., Sohn des Seleucus Nikator, 281 261 v. Chr., mit dem Beinamen Soter (Retter) wegen seines Sieges über die Gallier in Kleinasien. – Sein Sohn A. II., 261 247 v. Chr., Theos… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Antiochus IV — (Antiochus Epiphanes) died 164? B.C., king of Syria 175 164?. * * * …   Universalium

  • Antiochus — of Ascalon …   Philosophy dictionary

  • ANTIOCHUS I — ANTIOCHUS I. Soter, Seleuci fil. eiusque nominis primus. Syriae, et Asiae Rex, regnavit, ann. 19. Stratonicen novercam, Erasistrati Medici suasu, Patre consentiente, duxit. Euseb. in Chron. Val. Max. l. 5. c. 7. ex. 4. Iustin. l. 36. et 38. Polyb …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale