Bagelkhand (or Baghelkhand) is a region in central India, in northeastern Madhya Pradesh state. It includes the Madhya Pradesh districts of Anuppur, Rewa, Satna, Shadol, Sidhi, and Umaria, and the adjacent Uttar Pradesh district of Sonbhadra and the eastern, Non-doabi parts of Allahabad.

The Baghels, who give their name to the region, are a branch of the Solanki Rajputs who once ruled in Gujarat and migrated eastward in the 13th century. Vyaghra Dev was the first Solanki ruler who came to this area from Gujarat and established his rule. "Vyaghra" is Sanskrit word which means "Bagh" in Hindi. The descendants of Vyaghra Dev are known as Baghels.

Bagelkhand Agency derived its name from the region.

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