- Francesco Guardi
Francesco Lazzaro Guardi (
October 5, 1712– January 1, 1793) was a Venetian painter of veduta. He is considered to be among the last practitioners, along with his brothers, of the classic Venetian school of painting.
Francesco Guardi was born in Venice into a family of lesser nobility from
Trentino. His father Domenico (born in 1678) and his brothers Niccolò and Gian Antonio were also painters, the latter inheriting the family workshop after the father's death in 1716. They probably all contributed as a team to some of the larger commissions later attributed to Francesco. His sister Maria Cecilia married the pre-eminent Veneto-European painter of his epoch, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
In 1735, Francesco moved to the workshop of Michele Marieschi, where he remained until 1743. His first certain works is from 1738, for a parish at
Vigo d'Anuania, in Trentino. In this period he worked alongside his better-known brother, Gian Antonio. The first work signed by Francesco is a "Saint Adoring the Eucarist" (circa 1739).
His works in this period included landscapes as well as figure representations. His early vedutas show influence both from
Canalettoand Luca Carlevarijs. On February 15, 1757he married Maria Mathea Pagani, the daughter of painter Matteo Pagani. In the same year his brother Gian Antonio died and his first son, Vincenzo, was born. His second son, Giacomo, was born in 1764.
In 1763 he worked in
Murano, in the church of San Pietro Martire, finishing a "Miracle of a Dominican Saint" clearly influenced by Alessandro Magnascoin its quasi-expressionistic style.
Francesco Guardi's most important later works include the "Doge's Feasts", a series of twelve canvases celebrating the ceremonies held in 1763 for the election of Doge
Alvise IV Mocenigo. In his later years, Canaletto's influence on his art diminished, as showed by the "Piazzetta" in the Ca' d'Oroof Venice. In circa 1778, he painted the severe "Holy Trinity Appearing to Sts. Peter and Paul" in the parish church of Roncegno.In 1782 Guardi was commissioned by the Venetian government six canvases to celebrate the visit of the Russian Archdukes in the city, of which only two remain, and two others for that of Pope Pius VI. On September 12of that year he was admitted to the Fine Art Academy of Venice.
A stronger attention to colours is present in late works such as the "Concerto of 80 Orphans" of 1782, now in
Munich, in the "Façade of Palace with Staircase" in the Accademia Carraraof Bergamo.
Guardi died at Venice in 1793.
The Guardi masterpieces (in paintings variously attributed to either or both Francesco and his brother Gian Antonio) in many ways is not a landscape depiction, but the airy
sfumatopaintings of the "Story of Tobit" for the organ loft in the small Chiesa dell'Angelo San Raffaele. To quote from the Web Gallery of Art: "Perspective, organized aerial space, the Palladian solidity of Tiepolo ... are exchanged for a personal style of coloured handwriting - now brilliantly calligraphic, and now brilliantly cloudy" [ [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/g/guardi/giananto/4tobias.html Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1100-1850) ] ] .
Guardi's painterly style is known as "pittura di tocco" (of touch) for its small dotting and spirited brush-strokes. In this he differs from the more solid, meticulously etched, and architecturally accurate style of Canaletto's painting. This looser style of painting also had been used by
Giovanni Piazzettaand Sebastiano Ricci. The religious paintings of Guardi also have some of sweetened sfumato of Barocci's Bolognese style. In this he differs from the more solid, meticulously etched, and architecturally accurate style of Canaletto's painting. This style, centuries later, would make Guardi's works highly prized by the French Impressionists.
Canaletto appears to have concentrated on meticulously depicting the urban architecture of the imperial republic; on the other hand, in Guardi, the buildings often appear to be melting and sinking into a murky lagoon. [ [http://www.wga.hu/html/g/guardi/francesc/1/guard102.html San Cristoforo, San Michele and Murano, Seen from the Fondamenta Nuove by GUARDI, Francesco ] ] [ [http://www.wga.hu/html/g/guardi/francesc/1/guard105.html The Lagoon with Boats, Gondolas, and Rafts by GUARDI, Francesco ] ] . Canaletto's canvases often have intricate linear and brilliant details of urban structures, and depict Venice in sunny daylight. Guardi's skies are clouded and the time is dusk. These contrasts, however, simplify the facts, since Canaletto often painted the drab communal life and neighborhoods (creating in them some epic artistic qualities), while Guardi did not avoid painting some of the now-empty ceremonies of Ducal Venice [ [http://www.wga.hu/html/g/guardi/francesc/1/guard103.html Ducal Palace] ] . Ultimately, Guardi's paintings evoke the onset of the dissipation. The citizenry has shrunken to an impotent lilliputian crowd of "rubber-neckers", unable to rescue the crumbling Republic, as for example in the "Fire in the Oil Depot in San Marcuola" [ [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/html/g/guardi/francesc/4/guard409.html Web Gallery of Art, image collection, virtual museum, searchable database of European fine arts (1100-1850) ] ] . It was fitting depiction of the rapidly declining empire, which had declined, in Napoleon's assessment, into a "drawing room of Europe" peopled with casinos, carnivals, and courtesans for hire.
*"A View of San Marco" -
National Museum of Serbia, Belgrade.
*Short biography in the Web Gallery of Art [http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/g/guardi/francesc/biograph.html]
* Aldo Rizzi, "I maestri della pittura veneta del '700", Electa - Milano 1973
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Francesco Guardi — Francesco Guardi, retratado por Pietro Longhi,1764 Nombre de nacimiento Francesco Lázaro Guardi … Wikipedia Español
Francesco Guardi — Francesco Guardi, peint par Pietro Longhi, 1764, Venise, Ca Rezzonico … Wikipédia en Français
Francesco Guardi — Francesco Guardi, Porträt von Pietro Longhi, 1764, Venedig, Ca Rezzonico Francesco Guardi (* 5. Oktober 1712 in Venedig; † 1. Januar 1793 ebenda) war ein italienischer Veduten und Landschaftsmaler des Rokoko. Guardi wurde als S … Deutsch Wikipedia
Francesco Guardi — Francesco Guardi † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Francesco Guardi Venetian painter; born at Venice, 1712; died in the same city, 1793. He was a pupil of Canaletto, and in style a close follower of his master. Of his life practically nothing … Catholic encyclopedia
Francesco Guardi — Francesco Guardi, (1712 1793) pintor veneciano de la escuela vedutista. Él y su hermano Niccolo fueron formados por su hermano mayor Giovanni Antonio. La actividad vedutista de Guardi no se inició hasta cerca de 30 años posterior a la de… … Enciclopedia Universal
GUARDI (LES) — La collaboration de Gian Antonio, Francesco et Nicolò Guardi, les «frères Guardi», comme on les désigne dans le testament de Benedetto Giovannelli, en 1731, commença à la mort de leur père Domenico Guardi. Cette collaboration donna naissance à de … Encyclopédie Universelle
Francesco — may refer to:* Francesco Sforza, (1401 1466), Italian condottiero and Duke of Milan * Francesco Berni, (1497 1536), Italian writer; * Antonio Francesco Grazzini, (1503 1584) Italian writer; * Francesco Primaticcio, 1504 1570) Italian painter,… … Wikipedia
Guardi — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Francesco Guardi (1712–1793), italienischer Veduten und Landschaftsmaler Giovanni Antonio Guardi (1699–1760), italienischer Maler Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidu … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Francesco Loredan — (* 9. Februar 1685; † 19. Mai 1762) war der 116. Doge von Venedig. Er regierte von 1752 bis 1762. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia