"Planète" ("The Planet") was a French fantastic realism magazine created by
Jacques Bergierand Louis Pauwels. It ran from 1961 to 1972.
They were the authors of the successful book "The Morning of the Magicians" ("Le Matin des magiciens"), subtitled "Introduction to Fantastic Realism," published in October 1959 (total French-language sales about 2,000,000.)
Jacques Bergier set himself up as intellectual heir to
Charles Hoy Fort. Louis Pauwels would later be an editor of a review of an extremely different spirit, namely the Figaro magazine (magazine version of a popular newspaper).
The rapid, unexpected success of this book encouraged its authors to create a review entirely devoted to the same topic: the Planet "(Planète)", with the slogan "Nothing that's strange is foreign to us!" After two years spent in the exiguous buildings of the editor, Victor Michon (at 8 rue de Berri, Paris VIIIe), the seat of the review settled in a substantial building on the
The first number was initially printed with 5,000 copies and had five reprintings. The peak of the sales exceeded 100,000 copies per issue. The ambitions of the magazine were rather eclectic, aiming more at the one objective of
brainstormingthan at encroaching on the field of traditional popular science magazines (a survey revealed however that 44 % of Planet readers were also readers of "Science & Vie", a magazine of the aforementioned category.)
One of the undeniable successes of this magazine is that it made authors like
Jorge Luis Borges, Robert Sheckley, Fredric Brown, and Daniel Keyesknown to a very general public; previously, the first of these authors was known only to a small group of literature fanatics, and the others were only known to aficionados of science-fiction magazines.
The nearby snack bar "Elysée Quick" often has a place in the appendix of the editorial team, since its cellar was often used as the legendary hold-all for Jacques Bergier's massive stash of documents! Twice per year, the members of the leading team returned to a small inn in
Chevreuse valleyfor a 48-hour prospective assessment.
The magazine organized "Planet Conferences" "(Conférences Planètes)" through France, Italy, Belgium, Switzerland, Quebec, even as far as Argentina (with the participation of J.L. Borges) and in Mexico. (The first three conferences took place at the French Odéon Theatre of Jean-Louis Barrault in Paris in front of 1250 people - entry was refused to 500 others at the time of the first.) The magazine also organized "Planet debate dinners" "(Dîners - Débats Planète)" through "Planet workshop clubs" "(Clubs - Ateliers Planète)" (supervised until 1977 by Adrien Bourgeois within the associative "Planet movement" - there were 57 Workshops in 1969), and created another bimonthly review called "Plexus", a female magazine "Pénéla", and editions with topics ("Planet Presence", "Planet Action", "More Planet", "Planet History"...) It published the first biblical oecumenical edition in three luxurious volumes within the "Spiritual treasury of humanity," and one of human civilizations through ten neat works of the "Metamorphoses of humanity."
The magazine made cultural agreements with the French Musical Youth (discs and spectacles, plus a regular cultural chronicle within their review), the Mediterranean Club Planet forum was in Sicily (Céfalù) during two summers, then another in Corfou (Greece), in India during the hippie movement with three repeats (one of which was attended by Indira Gandhi), in Mexico, in Egypt, in Guatémala, in Peru, and in the USA, on the topic of "the future world." In 1967 it became the producer of astonishing Parisian spectacles (voodoo, the whirling dervish, Andalusian flamenco with the participation of the ballets and orchestra of Maurice Béjart in the sport hall of Paris, thanks to the Theatre of the Nations). In May 1962, Louis Pauwels also organized a show in a Parisian gallery of four painters of fantastic realism who had been featured in the magazine.
"Planet" (subtitle: "the first magazine of the library"): 41 issues from March 1961 to May 1968, with a book supplement in color with the last issues; the "New Planet": 23 issues from September 1968 to August 1971; finally transitory "The New New Planet" (Marc de Smedt's "Planet large format" ): 3 issues, at the end of 1971 til April 1972. Additionally there were thirty bimonthly "Planet Encyclopedias" alternated with the magazine starting in 1963, and published in conjunction with "Plexus" six times per year, and seventeen "Planet Anthologies" directed by Jacques Sternberg and Alex Grall. The magazine also had variants, through all Western Europe and South America (Pianeta, Horizonte, Planeta, Bres, Planet...), as well as an edition in Arab language in 1969 (12 international editions in all). The Dutch and Italian editions are always produced here: [http://www.pianeta.org/index.htm] [http://www.bres.org/]
Bergier's narrow personal office had posters all along the walls, featuring the characteristic humor of the movement: "You don't have to be crazy to work here... but that helps!"; and especially "Some calm, and some orthography!"
Philosophers, sociologists and writers such as Mircea Eliade, Edgar Morin, Odile Passeron, Jean-Bruno Renard, Umberto Eco and Jean d'Ormesson considered this the leading phenomenon of the Sixties.
Some of the most famous authors:
Aimé Michel, Rémy Chauvin, George Langelaan, Bernard Heuvelmans, Charles Noel Martin, Jean E. Charon, Raymond de Becker, Gabriel Véraldi, Jacques Mousseau (editor in chief, and future originator of the television broadcast "Temps X"), René Alleau, Henri Laborit, Jacques Lecomte, Guy Breton. Several sketch artists and painters of reputation made their classes there: Roland Topor, Jean Gourmelin, René Pétillon, Pierre Clayette, Pierre-Yves Trémois. The sub-editor was Arlette Peltant.
Through François Richaudeau, the leading mobility of the group moved itself around the Denoel house, with the variations of the Retz editions (which have become didactic), of the Club of the Woman, the Club of the Friends of the Book, the CELT (Culture-Art-Leisures), to some extent perpetuating the cultural outline which had been tried just after the war, with "Work and Culture" then "the World Library" of Victor Michon, Louis Pauwels and this same François Richaudeau. Today, certain works of the editions du Rocher can be considered in the spirit of the topics approached by the members of "Planet".
Epistemology. The magazine made formerly ignored precursors in this field known to the general public, for example, Roudjer Boscovitch.
Science Fiction. Writers like Fredric Brown, Daniel Keyes, Isaac Asimov, Arthur C Clarke, Ray Bradbury and Robert Sheckley were published, and some discussions about their writings.
* The Fantastic. The review devoted several articles to Lovecraft and especially to Jorge Luis Borges, about whom it also published some short stories (among them, the library of Babel).
Futurology. An interview of Isaac Asimov in 1965 on the topic "How I see the world in 1995" turns out to be almost without fault: the only thing that Isaac Asimov had not seen coming (neither had anybody in the middle of the 1960s) was the domestic microcomputer.
Sociology, Ethnology, Ethology. Once its role had been filled, after ten years, Planet disappeared quietly in 1972.
Two English-language magazines are in the spirit of "Planète": "Omni" and "Wired".
"Translated from the French language page, June 2006."
Genres, subcategories and related topics to science fiction
Golden Age of Science Fiction
Hard science fiction
History of science fiction
* (category list)
Science fiction authors
Science fiction Organizations
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Planete X — Planète X La planète X est le nom donné à une planète hypothétique du système solaire située au delà de Neptune. Elle est parfois appelée Perséphone. Son existence fut postulée à la fin du XIXe siècle sur la base d anomalies dans l orbite de … Wikipédia en Français
planète — [ planɛt ] n. f. • 1119; bas lat. planeta, gr. planêtês « errant » 1 ♦ Vx Astre errant, étoile errante (opposé à étoile fixe). On comptait sept planètes : le Soleil, la Lune, Mercure, Vénus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturne (les cinq dernières sont des… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Planete — Planète Pour les articles homonymes, voir Planète (homonymie). « Planètes » redirige ici. Pour le manga de Makoto Yukimura, voir Planetes … Wikipédia en Français
Planéte — Planète Pour les articles homonymes, voir Planète (homonymie). « Planètes » redirige ici. Pour le manga de Makoto Yukimura, voir Planetes … Wikipédia en Français
Planète (TV) — Planète (chaîne de télévision) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Planète (homonymie). Création 24 septembre 1988 Slogan « Pour le meilleur de la Découverte (2005) Fa … Wikipédia en Français
Planète 2 — Planète Thalassa Pour les articles homonymes, voir Thalassa. Création 1er novembre 2002 S … Wikipédia en Français
Planète 51 — Données clés Titre original Planet 51 Réalisation Jorge Blanco Scénario Joe Stillman Acteurs principaux Dwayne Johnson Seann William Scott Jessica Biel Justin Long … Wikipédia en Français
Planète V — Caractéristiques physiques Diamètre équatorial 6500 km Volume … Wikipédia en Français
planete — PLANETE. s. f. Astre qui a un mouvement propre & periodique, contraire à celuy du premier mobile. Il n y a que sept planetes. l influence des planetes. le cours des planetes. On dit prov. d Un homme extrémement heureux, qu Il est né sous une… … Dictionnaire de l'Académie française
Planète 99,5 FM — Planète 99,5 FM, anciennement CHRL 99,5 FM est une station de radio située dans la ville de Roberval au Québec. Elle diffuse un format Contemporain. Il y a également sa station soeur qui est Planète 100,3 à Dolbeau Mistassini. Avant septembre… … Wikipédia en Français