- Thomas Livingston
Thomas Livingston (alternatively, Thomas de Levinstone or Thomas Livingstone) was a fifteenth century Scottish cleric and diplomat, delegate at the
Council of Baseland advisor to Kings James I and James II of Scotland. He was additionally Abbot-elect of Newbattle, Abbot of Dundrennan, nominal Bishop of Dunkeld, and also held the Abbey of Coupar Angus " in Commendam".
Thomas was an illegitimate son of a Scottish lord, probably Sir John Livingston, baron of
Callendar. He was born either in the year 1390 or in 1391. In his early twenties he became a student of the new University of St Andrews, graduating with an MA in 1415. Thomas remained there for a few years teaching in the Faculty of Arts before embarking on a career as a Cistercianmonk. In 1422 he was elected Abbot of Newbattle, but failed to hold the position because the Pope had already chosen another man, David Croyse. While remaining a Newbattle monk, the following year Thomas entered the University of Colognein order to become a Master of Theology, which he attained in 1425. Thomas also became a priest, in addition to remaining a monk.
By 1429 at least Thomas was holding the position of
Abbot of Dundrennan, but was suffering from severe sight problems. He appears to have obtained from the Pope a dispensation for his "defect of birth", being an illegitimate son, allowing him to remain in office. At this point in time Thomas joined the Council of Baselconvoked by Pope Martin V. Thomas was able to advise King James I of Scotlandon the issues and helped convince him to send a full delegation. Thomas became one of the most important men at the council and in 1439 it was Thomas, helped by the archdeacon of Metz, who delivered the council report in June which led to the deposition of Pope Eugene IV. In the following August, Thomas travelled to Mainz to the Imperial Diet where he defended the council's decision to depose Eugene, and later became one of the men selected to choose a new Pope, Pope Felix IV/V (previously Amadeus VIII, Duke of Savoy). Thomas became one of the main supporters of the new pope, and was rewarded with a provision to the Bishopric of Dunkeld in November 1440. Although conciliarismlooked doomed by the early 1440s, Thomas nevertheless remained an ardent conciliarist, and helped shape Scottish politics as an adviser during the minority of King James II of Scotland. In 1447 Pope Eugene died, and Livingston was one of the two Basel delegates who went to Viennato attempt to persuade Frederick III, Holy Roman Emperorto convoke a new council of the church.
After the schism caused by the election of
Antipope Felix Vwas finally healed in 1447, the blind Livingston turned his attention to promoting monastic reform, working alongside Cardinal Nikolaus von Kues(a friend of his from university) in the latter's mission in Germany (1451-2). He later returned to Scotland and resumed his role as an advisor to James II. Thomas was never bishop of Dunkeld in anything but name, so had no revenue, although King James did make him Abbot of Coupar Angus"in commendam". Thomas died some time before July 10 1460, at the age of seventy.
* Burns, J. H., " [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/60123 Livingston, Thomas (1390/91–1460)] ", "Oxford Dictionary of National Biography", Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed
27 November 2006
* Dowden, John, "The Bishops of Scotland", ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912), pp. 95-6
* Watt, D.E.R. & Shead, N.F. (eds.), "The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries", "The Scottish Records Society", New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001), pp. 45, 64-5, 161-2,
ALTERNATIVE NAMES=Levinstone, Thomas de; Livingstone, Thomas
SHORT DESCRIPTION=15th century Scottish cleric
DATE OF BIRTH=1390 or 1391
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=July 1460
PLACE OF DEATH=
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Livingston (surname) — * Livingston also spelt Livingstone is a Scottish highland clan, also known as the Clan MacLea *Bob Livingston (b. 1943), U.S. Congressman from Louisiana *Charles L. Livingston (1800 1873), Speaker of the New York State Assembly in 1832 and 1833… … Wikipedia
Thomas Jefferson — por Rembrandt Peale en 1800 … Wikipedia Español
Thomas McGuane — Thomas Francis McGuane III (born December 11 1939) is an American author. His work includes ten novels, short fiction and screenplays, as well as three collections of essays devoted to his life in the outdoors. Early lifeMcGuane was born in… … Wikipedia
Livingston College — was one of the schools that comprised Rutgers University, the State University of New Jersey, from 1969 2007. With the merging of the New Brunswick area liberal arts undergraduate colleges into one School of Arts and Sciences in the Fall of 2007 … Wikipedia
Thomas Cole House — U.S. National Register of Historic Places U.S. National Historic Landmark … Wikipedia
Thomas Howard Kean — Thomas Kean (2004) Thomas Howard Kean (* 21. April 1935 in New York City) ist ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Er war von 1982 bis 1990 Gouverneur des Bundesstaates New Jersey … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Ruger — Thomas Howard Ruger (* 2. April 1833 in Lima, Livingston County, New York; † 3. Juni 1907 in Stamford, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer General und Militärgouverneur von Georgia im Jahr 1868 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Butler (Louisiana) — Thomas Butler Thomas Butler (* 14. April 1785 bei Carlisle, Pennsylvania; † 7. August 1847 in St. Louis, Missouri) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zwischen 1818 und 1821 vertrat er den Bundesstaat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas B. Robertson — Thomas Bolling Robertson (* 27. Februar 1775 in Petersburg, Virginia; † 5. Oktober 1828 in White Sulphur Springs, Virginia) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1820 bis 1824 Gouverneur des Bundesstaate … Deutsch Wikipedia
Thomas Francis Bayard — Thomas F. Bayard Thomas Francis Bayard, Sr. (* 29. Oktober 1828 in Wilmington, Delaware; † 29. September 1898 in Dedham, Massachusetts) war ein prominenter Bürger und Politiker der Demokratischen Partei der … Deutsch Wikipedia