- Home Rule League
The Home Rule League, sometimes called the Home Rule Party, was a
political partywhich campaigned for home rulefor the island of Ireland from 1873 to 1882, when it was replaced by the Irish Parliamentary Party.
The Home Rule League grew out of the
Home Government Association, a pressure groupformed in 1870and led by Isaac Butt, a Dublin Barristerwho had once been a leading Irish Torybefore becoming a convert to Irish nationalism. On 18- 21 November 1873, the loose association re-constituted itself as a full political party, the Home Rule League, and in the 1874 general election, it won 59 seats. In that period however it was not a political party in a cohesive sense but a loose alliance of home rule-leaning Irish politicians. Because of this the party rapidly became divided, between the less committed members of Parliament, many of whom were from an Irish aristocratic or gentry Church of Irelandbackground, some newly dedicated former Irish Liberal Party members, such as Sir John Gray MP, and other more radical members who gathered around Cavan MP Joseph Biggar and Meath MP Charles Parnell. This radical wing of the party famously decided to launch parliamentary filibusters to obstruct the passage of Parliamentary business, to the embarrassment of Butt and frustration of successive British governments.
New leader, new name, new members
Following Butt's death in 1879, William Shaw served as chairman (leader) for one parliamentary session. In
1880, Parnell was elected chairman of the party, and in the 1880 general election, the party increased its number of seats. In 1882, as part of a wholescale move from being an informal alliance to a cohesive unified, whipped political movement Parnell renamed it the Irish Parliamentary Partyto pursue Irish Home Rule. The party under Parnell, himself a Protestant, became more radical,Fact|date=February 2008 middle class, and Roman Catholic. It largely, though not completely squeezed, out other political rivals, notably the Irish Liberal Party and the Irish Conservative Party.
Chairmen (leaders) of the Party, 1873-1882
*William Shaw 1879-1880
Charles Stewart Parnell1880-1882
* [http://dspace.dial.pipex.com/town/terrace/adw03/peel/ireland/butt.htm Isaac Butt and the Home Rule Party]
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