A revolutionary, when used as a noun, is a person who either actively engages in some kind of
revolution, or advocates the revolution, with recognition from some government or party which is effectively carrying out a revolution of the same category [ [http://ardictionary.com/Revolutionary/5872"ARD] ] . The term is usually applied to political revolutionaries or social.revolutionaries, and less frequently used to revolutionary scientists, inventors, and artists. In the political context, the term "revolutionary" is often used in contrast to the term reformist. While a revolutionary is someone who supports abrupt change, a reformist is someone who supports more gradual change. When used as an adjective, "revolutionary" refers to something that has a major, sudden impact on society or on some aspect of human endeavor. Political revolutionaries may be classified in two ways:
# According to the "goals" of the revolution they propose. Usually, these goals are part of a certain
ideology. In theory, each ideology could generate its own brand of revolutionaries. In practice, most political revolutionaries have been either liberals, nationalists, socialists, communists, fascists or anarchists.
# According to the "methods" they propose to use. This divides revolutionaries in two broad groups: Those who advocate a violent revolution, and those who are pacifists. Amongst the best known examples of these two types of revolutionaries are
Che Guevaraand Mahatma Gandhi, respectively [Davies(1997)] .
On being a "revolutionary"
*cite book| first=James Chowning |last=Davies |publisher=Transaction Books |title=When Men Revolt and Why|date=1997 |isbn=156000939x
American Revolutionary War
Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps
Revolution (political group)
* Russian Revolution
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Revolutionary — French Revolution † Catholic Encyclopedia ► French Revolution The last thirty years have given us a new version of the history of the French Revolution, the most diverse and hostile schools having contributed to it. The philosopher,… … Catholic encyclopedia
Revolutionary — Rev o*lu tion*a*ry, a. [Cf. F. r[ e]volutionnaire.] Of or pertaining to a revolution in government; tending to, or promoting, revolution; as, revolutionary war; revolutionary measures; revolutionary agitators. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Revolutionary — Rev o*lu tion*a*ry, n. A revolutionist. [R.] [1913 Webster] Dumfries was a Tory town, and could not tolerate a revolutionary. Prof. Wilson. [1913 Webster] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
revolutionary — [adj1] rebellious anarchistic, defiant, disobedient, disorderly, factious, insubordinate, insurgent, mutinous, radical, rebel, rioting, riotous, subversive, warring; concepts 401,529,542 revolutionary [adj2] new, progressive advanced, advancing,… … New thesaurus
revolutionary — [rev΄ə lo͞o′shə ner΄ē] adj. 1. of, characterized by, favoring, or causing a revolution in a government or social system 2. bringing about or constituting a great or radical change [a revolutionary design ] ☆ 3. [R ] of or having to do with the… … English World dictionary
revolutionary — index demagogue, disorderly, incendiary, insubordinate, insurgent, lawless, malcontent, radical (favoring drastic change) … Law dictionary
revolutionary — (adj.) 1774; see REVOLUTION (Cf. revolution) + ARY (Cf. ary). As a noun, from 1850 … Etymology dictionary
revolutionary — ► ADJECTIVE 1) involving or causing dramatic change or innovation. 2) engaged in, promoting, or relating to political revolution. ► NOUN (pl. revolutionaries) ▪ a person who introduces a major change or who starts or supports a political… … English terms dictionary
revolutionary — revolutionarily, adv. revolutionariness, n. /rev euh looh sheuh ner ee/, adj., n., pl. revolutionaries. adj. 1. of, pertaining to, characterized by, or of the nature of a revolution, or a sudden, complete, or marked change: a revolutionary junta … Universalium
revolutionary — [[t]re̱vəlu͟ːʃənri, AM neri[/t]] ♦♦♦ revolutionaries 1) ADJ Revolutionary activities, organizations, or people have the aim of causing a political revolution. Do you know anything about the revolutionary movement? ...the Cuban revolutionary… … English dictionary