- Odet de Coligny
Odet de Coligny Cardinal, Bishop of Beauvais Church Roman Catholic, later Calvinist See Beauvais In Office 1535 - 1563 Personal details Born 10 July 1517
Died 14 February 1571(aged 53)
Canterbury, Kent, England
Previous post Bishop and Cardinal
Odet de Coligny (10 July 1517 – 14 February 1571) was a French cardinal of Châtillon, bishop of Beauvais, son of Gaspard I de Coligny and Louise de Montmorency, and brother of Gaspard and François, Seigneur d'Andelot.
He occupied high church offices during this initial part of his career. He became prior of Saint-Stephan in Beaume in 1530. At the papal consistory of 7 November 1533 (at 16 and whilst still a layman) he was created cardinal deacon, receiving the red hat and the titular church of Santi Sergio e Bacco three days later. Soon afterwards he became Abbot of Saint Bénigne de Dijon, of Fleury, of Ferrière and of Vaux de Cernay. In 1534 he became a Canon in Paris, participated in a papal conclave, and was made administrator of the metropolitan see of Toulouse on 29 April, despite not yet having been ordained a priest. This he held until his resignation from that role on 20 October 1550. Meanwhile, on 20 October 1535, he had become administrator of the see of Beauvais, and Abbot of Saint-Lucien de Beauvais from 1537.
He opted for the deaconry of S. Adriano on 25 February 1549 and participated in the papal conclave of 1549-1550. He was placed in charge of the library of France's Royal Privy Council and, using this and his other offices, he protected his friends Ronsard and Rabelais (in 1550 obtaining for the latter a ten year monopoly on book-printing - Rabelais dedicated his Quart Livre to Odet in gratitude).
In 1556 he became abbot of Ferrières on the recommendation of Pope Pius IV and Henry II, and four years later, Pius named him grand inquisitor of France, though the French parliament's opposition to the inquisition prevented him taking up the post. Sometime after 1560 he also became abbot of Grandchamps, of Quincy and (from 1560) of Vézelay. In sum, then, he was Abbot of St. Euvertius, of Fontainejean, Ferrières, and St. Benoît, and from 1554 to 1560 prior (and after 1560 provost) of St-Pierre de Mâcon.
However, under his family's influence, he eventually went over to the Protestant camp himself, becoming a Calvinist Huguenot in April 1561. Indeed, this is said by some to be little surprise since his long church career was more motivated by ambition than piety, though he was not the only French prelate to convert to Calvinism in this period (one other example is Jean de Monluc, bishop of Valence). Gathering a faction around himself, he greatly helped those of the Huguenot party. He participated with his brother in the religious wars and acted as a mediator between the Protestants and Queen Catherine de' Medici.
In 1562, he escaped the Inquisition to Lyon, relinquished his title of cardinal and called himself the count of Beauvais (comte de Beauvais), after his old bishopric. In the secret consistory of 31 March 1563, Pope Pius IV and the French parliament excommunicated him as a heretic and deprived him of all his offices. In December 1564, he married his mistress Isabeau/Isabelle de Hauteville (also known as Elizabeth de Kanteville or Mme. la Cardinale) at Montataire, without a Catholic ceremony. and wearing, at the Huguenots' request, his cardinal's robe.
He fought at the Battle of Saint-Denis and in 1568 fled to England. In London, he requested monetary support for the French Protestants from Queen Elizabeth, who favoured him and his wife. Still wanted by the French government for treason, he remained in England, probably because he had secret orders from the French court to seek Elizabeth's hand in marriage for the prince of Anjou.
In 1568, his former abbacy of Ferrières was besieged by the troops of Louis de Condé, friend of the Coligny family and fellow Protestant. The abbey was pillaged and profaned and, although no monks were killed, the reliquaires and treasures of the abbey were dispersed, the tombs of Louis III, Carloman and Louis de Blanchefort heavily damaged and the monks' stalls removed. Odet (abroad by then) only intervened to stop this after three days when his own financial interests in the benefice seemed threatened.
He was preparing to go from England to La Rochelle to join his brother when he died at the former pilgrims' lodge at Canterbury under mysterious circumstances (possibly poisoned by his servant, possibly - or possibly not - on the orders of the French government) in 1571.
He was therefore buried in a temporary and very plain tomb covered in hessian and plaster in the Trinity Chapel in the east end of Canterbury Cathedral. Meant to have been a temporary solution pending his body's return to France, this in fact never occurred and he still rests there.
One conspiracy theory relates that - Coligny not being high-ranking enough for permanent burial in this important part of the cathedral - the tomb in fact contains the hidden relics of Thomas Becket from his nearby shrine (dissolved 40 years earlier), Coligny's body having been returned to France or never in fact laid to rest here. This theory is not, however, accepted by historians.
- ^ 10 juillet 1517
- ^ The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - Biographical Dictionary - Consistory of 7 November 1533
- ^ Perso.orange.fr abb ferr 2]
- ^ AC-amiens.fr
- ^ Patrimoine-de-france.org
- Article, and image of his tomb
- Biography, in French
- Another biography
- An image of him as Neptune
Guillaume de Montmorency Anne Pot Gaspard I Louise de Montmorency Anne de Montmorency Madeleine,
René of Savoy
Gaspard II Odet François François de
Henry 10 others François Gaspard III
- Atkinson, Ernest G. The Cardinal of Châtillon in England, 1568-1571 : a paper read on 13 November 1889, before the Huguenot society of London. London : printed by Spottiswoode & co., 1890
- Becquerel, Antoine César. Souvenirs historiques sur l'amiral Coligny : sa famille et sa seigneurie de Châtillon-Sur-Loing. 2d ed. Paris : Firmin-Didot, 1876
- Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous les temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857
- Facsimile edition. Farnborough
- Gregg, 1969, cols 692-693; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, IV, 134-135
- Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1480-1481
- Coligny, Odet de, cardinal de Chatillon, 1515-1571. Correspondence d'Odet de Coligny, cardinal de Chatillon (1537–1568). Recueillie et publiée par M. Léon Marlet. Paris, A. Picard, 1885. (Documents publ. par la Sociité historique & archéologique du Gatinais; I)
- Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935
- reprint, Padua : Il Messaggero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 22, 72, 76, 131 and 315
- Marlet, Léon. Le Cardinal de Châtillon : 1517-1571. Paris : H. Menu, 1883.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Odet de coligny — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Coligny. Cardinal … Wikipédia en Français
Odet de Coligny — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Coligny. Odet de Coligny Portrait par Jean Clouet (vers 1555), Chantilly, musée Condé … Wikipédia en Français
Odet de Coligny — Porträtzeichnung Odets de Coligny von Jean Clouet Odet de Coligny, gen. Kardinal von Châtillon, (* 10. Juli 1517 in Châtillon sur Loing; † 14. Februar 1571 in Canterbury) war ein französischer Hugenottenführer. Coligny war der Sohn des Marschalls … Deutsch Wikipedia
Odet de Coligny — Retrato de Odet de Coligny, 1551/1650. Odet de Coligny (10 de julio de 1517 14 de febrero de 1571), fue un cardenal de la Santa Iglesia Romana (cardinalis sanctæ romanæ Ecclesiæ); apodado el cardenal de Chastillon (o Châtill … Wikipedia Español
Coligny — ist der Name einer Stadt im Revermont, Coligny (Ain) zweier Herrschaften, die die Stadt und das zugehörige Gebiet aufteilten: Coligny le Vieil, Coligny le Neuf der in dieser Gegend herrschenden Familie: Haus Coligny eines Kantons: Kanton Coligny… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Odet (prénom) — Odet (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. L Odet est un cours d eau breton Onomastique Odet est un prénom usité plutôt sous l Ancien Régime, notamment porté par : Odet d… … Wikipédia en Français
Coligny — can refer to: People House of Coligny, sovereign of the former principality of Revermount, and its most famous members: Gaspard I de Coligny, and his sons Gaspard II de Coligny (1519–1572), Seigneur (Lord) de Châtillon, admiral of France and… … Wikipedia
Odet — ist ein männlicher Vorname, der in Frankreich gelegentlich im Ancien Régime vorkam. Odet d’Aydie (um 1425 1498) Graf von Comminges, Ratgeber des Königs Ludwig XI. Odet de Foix, (1483 1583) Vicomte de Lautrec, Marschall von Frankreich, Enkel von… … Deutsch Wikipedia
COLIGNY (G. de) — COLIGNY GASPARD DE CHÂTILLON sire de (1519 1572) amiral français Fils de Gaspard de Coligny, seigneur de Châtillon, et de Louise de Montmorency, Gaspard de Coligny a pour frère cadet le cardinal Odet de Coligny (1517 1571) et pour frère aîné… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Coligny — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Coligny est le nom : d une cité du Revermont de la famille seigneuriale de cette cité de la seigneurie tenue depuis cette cité, sous différents… … Wikipédia en Français