- Primeira Linha
Primeira Linha (First Line in Galician Portuguese) is a political
communistorganization that is part of the Galician Movement of National Liberation, established on 1 May 1996, which seeks "the overcoming of the concrete national and social oppression imposed by the capitalism on Galicia in order to contribute to the world-wide construction of the communist society." [First Line website]
Foundation and first stage inside the BNG
First Line was born in Galicia of 1996, in a stage marked by the failure of the experiences of the European east, with the intention of organizing the independentist and communist current existent in the interior of the Galician Nationalist Block. It remains inside the BNG, like current not recognized by the direction, and in constant conflict with the hegemonic current, the Uniom do Povo Galego (Galician People's Union).
In this stage, the First Line's militancy work's in the social Galician movements like the antimilitarist and the student thing, between others. In 1998, it carries out his first Congress. Before the contradictions and conflicts in the political work in the heart of the BNG (Galician Nationalist Block), it decides leaves the nationalist front in 1999, after an Extraordinary Congress in which this decision is approved by the majority, but not unanimously.
In his quarterly publication Abrente, First Line will explain that "An unbreathable climate of siege was obstructing our political intervention, it was forcing us to destine vast energies and resources to a mere defensive practice" [Documents of the second Congress, 1999] .
Independentist Reorganization out of the BNG
The Second Congress also decides to drive a politics of unity of action with other independentist sectors existent out of the BNG, basically the AMI and the FPG, with the strategic objective of the organic confluence.
A so-called "National Unit Commission of the Independentist Left" will promote a joint dynamic who will break through in 2000, before several expectations created by each organization participant. In this year, the First Line's militancy participates in the creation of "Popular Regional Meetings", precedents of which Spiral Process will be it Spiral Process, what will lead to the creation, in 2001, of NÓS-Unidade Popular (Us-People United), with the support and participation of the First Line itself, of the AMI and of the above-mentioned "Popular Regional Meetings".
The First Line's militancy does political work in the heart of
Nós-Unidade Popular(Us-People United) since 2001, announcing too in the youthful independentist organization BRIGA (FIGHTS) and in the student organization AGIR (TO ACT), besides in other pro-sovereignty, feminist, cultural and syndical entities.
Model of Socialism
In 2002 it carried out his Third Congress, which served for the definition of the his teoric model of socialism, as well as to affirm "the essential composition and working direction of the Galician Movement of National Liberation", against the traditional interclassism in the Galician previous nationalists organizations. First Line also affirms that "the morphology of classes in Galicia is more similar to the societies of the advanced capitalism than to that of the so-called Third World" [Documents of the third Congress, 2002] .
As well as his
Marxistprinciples and his Leninist model of party's defense, First Line does not claim any of the communist traditional "families", looking for a creative and synthetic application according to the reality and the galician peculiarities.
Publications and Supporting Activities
Giving priority to his work in the heart of more spacious entities near other sectors of the national Galician left, First Line maintains a series of supporting own initiatives. So, it publishes from 1996 his quarterly newspaper, Abrente, that already exceeded the 40's editions. In his publishing seal "Abrente Editora", numerous titles were published, in paper or digital format, and some
Marxismclassics are including unpublished before in Galicia, and other works of Galician authors.
Annually, it also organizes the so-called Galician Independentist Conference, since ten years ago, thar are each year dedicated to a monographic different subject.
Nationalities in Spain
List of Communist Parties
Nós-Unidade Popular(Nós-UP) - Us-People United (Galician socialist and independentist party)
* [http://www.primeiralinha.org/ Oficial First Line's Site (in Galician Portuguese)]
* [http://www.nosgaliza.org/ Official Nós-UP site(in Galician Portuguese)]
* [http://blip.tv/scripts/flash/showplayer.swf?autostart=false&brandlink=http://.blip.tv/&showplayerpath=http://blip.tv/scripts/flash/showplayer.swf&file=http://blip.tv/bookmarks/rss/161366&user=socialismo21&tabType1=details&tabType2=details&tabUrl2=http://blip.tv/rss/bookmarks/161366/ Vídeo das XII Jornadas Independentistas Galegas, com Elena M. Canals (Cuba), Narciso Isa Conde (República Dominicana), Néstor Kohan (Argentina) e Iñaki Gil de San Vicente (País Basco)]
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