Kerman


Kerman

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Kerman
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native_name = کرمان
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = IRN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Kerman
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population_as_of = 2005
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population_total =533,799
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timezone = IRST
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latd=30 |latm=17 |lats=13 |latNS=N
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Kerman ( _fa. کرمان) is a city in Iran. It is the center of Kerman province. Located in a large and flat plain, this city is located 1,076 km (669 mi) south of Tehran, capital of Iran.

Kerman city had an estimated population of 533,799 in 2005. [http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/Iran.html Cities in Iran: 2005 Population Estimates ] ]

Etymology

Kerman was mentioned by the Greeks by the name "Karamani". Historical documents also refer to Kerman as Karmania, Kermania and Zhermanya. [http://www.mideasttravelling.net/iran/kerman/kerman_history.htm Travel in Kerman - Iran - History - WorldTravelGate.net ] ] The city was probably founded by the Sassanid king Ardashir I in the 3rd century, and for this reason it was called "Ardasheer Khoreh". The Muslim Arabs called this place "Bardeseer" or "Bardesheer" and the Iranians used to call it "Guasheer".

History

It is believed, that Kerman has been founded as early as the 3rd century by Ardeshir I, founder of the Sassanian dynasty.In Islamic time, Kerman was one of the important cultural centres of Iran.

Kerman was under the Seljuk Turks in the 11th and 12th cent., but remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars.cite web |work=The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition |title=Kerman |url=http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Kerman.html |year=2008 |publisher=Columbia University Press]

When Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia.cite web |last=Pourshariati |first=Parvaneh |work=Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa |title=Kerman |url=http://www.answers.com/topic/kerman |publisher=Gale Group, Inc] Subsequently, however, the city was sacked many times by various invaders.

Kerman was expanded rapidly during the Safavid Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to England and Germany during this period. [http://www.iranchamber.com/cities/kerman/kerman.php Iranian Cities: Kerman ] ]

In 1793 Lotf Ali Khan defeated the Qajars and in 1794 captured Kerman. But soon, he was besieged in Kerman for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan. When the city fell to Agha Mohammad Khan, angered by the popular support that Lotf Ali Khan had received, all the male inhabitants were killed or blinded, and a pile was made out of 20,000 detached eyeballs and poured in front of the victorious Agha Muhammad Khan. [Hasan Pir Nia, A. Eghbal Ashtiani, "History of Persia" (Tarikh-i Iran), ISBN 9646895166, Tehran, 2003, p.655] The women and children were sold into slavery, and the city was destroyed over ninety days.

The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the nineteenth century to the northwest of the old city, but it did not recover until the twentieth century.

Geography

Kerman is located on a high margin of Kavir-e lut (Lut Desert) in the central south of Iran.

Climate

The city's many districts are surrounded by mountains which bring variety to Kerman's year round weather pattern, thus the northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area, while the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a more moderate climate. The mean elevation of the city is about 1755 m above sea level.

Kerman city has a moderate and the average annual rainfall is 135 mm. Because it is located close to the Kavir-e lut, Kerman has hot summers and in the spring it often has violent sand storms. Otherwise, its climate is relatively cool.

Geological Characteristics

For the Iranian Paleontologists, Kerman has always been considered a fossil paradise. Finding new dinosaur footprints in 2005 has now revealed new hopes for Paleontologists to better understand the history of this area. [ [http://www.payvand.com/news/05/jan/1067.html Dinosaur Footprints Moulded In Kerman ] ] [ [http://iran-daily.com/1383/2185/html/art.htm Iran Daily ] ]

Economy

Carpet weaving is one of the main industries of the city, and the carpets produced there are renowned internationally. Carpet weaving is a very old tradition in Kerman. The oldest carpet discovered in Kerman, belongs to about 500 years ago, which proves the precedence of weaving in this city. [ [http://www.caroun.com/Rug/CountriesRug/IranRug/KermanRug/2KermanRug-History.html Kerman Rug (Iran): History ] ] Cotton textiles and goats-wool shawls are also manufactured.

A number of modern establishments such as textile mills and brickworks also have been constructed. The province's mineral wealth includes copper and coal.

Culture

The archeological ancient city of Jiroft is located south of Kerman.

Demography

Most of the population of Kerman are Shi'a Muslims; But Kerman also has a small but culturally significant Zoroastrian minority.

The population of the city in 1996 was 385,000 and the current population is 533,799.

Government

Politics in Kerman are influenced by the former President Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, his brother and Vice President Mohammad Hashemi, and the Vice President Hossein Marashi, both from the nearby Rafsanjan.

Colleges and universities

Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman is one of Iran's leading technological institutions. Other universities are:

*Kerman University of Medical Sciences
* [http://www.iauk.ac.ir/ Islamic Azad University of Kerman]
* [http://www.kkhec.ac.ir Kerman Khaje-Nasir Higher Education Center]

Transportation

Kerman is on the Tehran, Bandar Abbas and Zahedan route. Kerman Airport is counted as one of the main airports which has daily & weekly flights to Tehran, Ahwaz, Yazd, Esfahan, Bandar Abbas, Mashhad and Shiraz. Also the Trans Iranian Railway passes through this city.

Famous people from Kerman

*Keikhosrow Shahrokh
*Peyman Soltani, conductor of Persepolis Orchestra
*Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh
*Arash Borhani
*Ali Akbar Abdolrashidi
*Roohollah Khaleghi
*Said Nafisi
*Mirza Reza Kermani

References

External links

* [http://www.irantouronline.com/kerman/natural-attractions/mahan-summer-residing-places-kerman.html Kerman Shazdeh Garden]
* [http://www.kdmc.ir Kerman Disaster Management Center ]
* [http://persia.org/imagemap/kerman.html Photos of historic sites in Kerman]
* [http://www.kermankar.ir Edareh Kar Kerman]
* [http://www.rugbux.com/PersianRugs/Kerman/index.htm Kerman Rug Industry]
* Photographs of Kerman::— "Masjed-e Jā'meh-e Kerman": [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067137/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] :— "Moshtāgh-Ali Shāh": [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067138/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] , [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067139/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (2)] , [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067140/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (3)] :— "Gonbad-e Jabalieh": [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067141/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] :— "Shāh Ne'matollah Vali" (in Māhān): [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067142/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] , [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067720/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (2)] :— "Bāgh-e Shāzdeh" (in Māhān): [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067721/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • KERMAN — KERMAN, city located in the province with the same name in the southeast of iran . A popular Kermani saying considers Kerman the heart of the world, a great exaggeration. The origin of Kerman itself goes back to the Sasanian period, but, as far… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kermân — Kerman  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Kerman (Californie) pour la ville californienne.  Kerman (fa) کرمان …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kermãn — Kerman  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Kerman (Californie) pour la ville californienne.  Kerman (fa) کرمان …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kerman — bezeichnet: Kerman (Provinz), Provinz im Iran Kerman (Iran), Hauptstadt der iranischen Provinz Kerman Kerman (Kalifornien), Kleinstadt in Kalifornien in den Vereinigten Staaten Kerman ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Kalle Kerman (* 1979) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kermán — Kerman es una de las 28 provincias de Irán. Se encuentra al sudeste del país. Su capital es Kerman. Es la tercera provincia más extensa del país con 180.000 km². Tiene alrededor de 2 millones de habitantes. Gran parte de la provincia es un amplio …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kerman — Kerman, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 8551 Housing Units (2000): 2462 Land area (2000): 2.164136 sq. miles (5.605086 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.164136 sq. miles (5.605086… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kerman, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 8551 Housing Units (2000): 2462 Land area (2000): 2.164136 sq. miles (5.605086 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.164136 sq. miles (5.605086 sq. km) FIPS …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Kerman — Kerman1 [kər män′, kermän′] n. KIRMAN Kerman2 [ker män′] city in SE Iran: pop. 312,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Kerman — Kerman, 1) südöstlichste Provinz von Iran (im Alterthume Karamanien), stößt im Süden an die Straße von Ormuz, im Osten an Beludschistan u. Afghanistan, im Norden an die Provinz Khorasan, im Westen an Farsistan u. Laristan. Der nördliche Theil der …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Kerman — Kerman, s. Afrikanische Altertümer, S. 156 …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Kerman — (Kirman), im Altertum Karmania, südöstl. Prov. Persiens, im N. der Salzwüste Irans angehörig, im S. Bergland; mit dem Küstenstrich Mogistan (Dattelland). – Die Hauptstadt K., im S. der Wüste, 60.000 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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