official_name = Kerman
native_name = کرمان
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = IRN
subdivision_type1 = Province
subdivision_name1 = Kerman
population_as_of = 2005
population_note = estimate
timezone = IRST
utc_offset = +3:30
latd=30 |latm=17 |lats=13 |latNS=N
longd=57 |longm=04 |longs=09 |longEW=E
elevation_m = 1755
elevation_ft = 5758
Kerman ( _fa. کرمان) is a city in
Iran. It is the center of Kerman province. Located in a large and flat plain, this city is located 1,076 km (669 mi) south of Tehran, capital of Iran.
Kerman city had an estimated population of 533,799 in 2005. [http://www.mongabay.com/igapo/2005_world_city_populations/Iran.html Cities in Iran: 2005 Population Estimates ] ]
Kerman was mentioned by the Greeks by the name "Karamani". Historical documents also refer to Kerman as Karmania, Kermania and Zhermanya. [http://www.mideasttravelling.net/iran/kerman/kerman_history.htm Travel in Kerman - Iran - History - WorldTravelGate.net ] ] The city was probably founded by the Sassanid king Ardashir I in the
3rd century, and for this reason it was called "Ardasheer Khoreh". The Muslim Arabs called this place "Bardeseer" or "Bardesheer" and the Iranians used to call it "Guasheer".
Kerman was under the Seljuk Turks in the 11th and 12th cent., but remained virtually independent, conquering Oman and Fars.cite web |work=The
Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition |title=Kerman |url=http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1E1-Kerman.html |year=2008 |publisher= Columbia University Press]
When Marco Polo visited the city in 1271 it had become a major trade emporium linking the Persian Gulf with Khorasan and Central Asia.cite web |last=Pourshariati |first=Parvaneh |work=Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa |title=Kerman |url=http://www.answers.com/topic/kerman |publisher=Gale Group, Inc] Subsequently, however, the city was sacked many times by various invaders.
Kerman was expanded rapidly during the
Safavid Dynasty. Carpets and rugs were exported to Englandand Germanyduring this period. [http://www.iranchamber.com/cities/kerman/kerman.php Iranian Cities: Kerman ] ]
Lotf Ali Khandefeated the Qajars and in 1794 captured Kerman. But soon, he was besieged in Kerman for six months by Agha Mohammad Khan. When the city fell to Agha Mohammad Khan, angered by the popular support that Lotf Ali Khan had received, all the male inhabitants were killed or blinded, and a pile was made out of 20,000 detached eyeballs and poured in front of the victorious Agha Muhammad Khan. [Hasan Pir Nia, A. Eghbal Ashtiani, "History of Persia" (Tarikh-i Iran), ISBN 9646895166, Tehran, 2003, p.655] The women and children were sold into slavery, and the city was destroyed over ninety days.
The present city of Kerman was rebuilt in the nineteenth century to the northwest of the old city, but it did not recover until the twentieth century.
Kerman is located on a high margin of Kavir-e lut (Lut Desert) in the central south of Iran.
The city's many districts are surrounded by mountains which bring variety to Kerman's year round weather pattern, thus the northern part of the city is located in an arid desert area, while the highland of the southern part of the city enjoys a more moderate climate. The mean elevation of the city is about 1755 m above sea level.
Kerman city has a moderate and the average annual rainfall is 135 mm. Because it is located close to the Kavir-e lut, Kerman has hot summers and in the spring it often has violent sand storms. Otherwise, its climate is relatively cool.
For the Iranian
Paleontologists, Kerman has always been considered a fossilparadise. Finding new dinosaur footprintsin 2005 has now revealed new hopes for Paleontologists to better understand the history of this area. [ [http://www.payvand.com/news/05/jan/1067.html Dinosaur Footprints Moulded In Kerman ] ] [ [http://iran-daily.com/1383/2185/html/art.htm Iran Daily ] ]
Carpet weaving is one of the main industries of the city, and the carpets produced there are renowned internationally. Carpet weaving is a very old tradition in Kerman. The oldest carpet discovered in Kerman, belongs to about 500 years ago, which proves the precedence of weaving in this city. [ [http://www.caroun.com/Rug/CountriesRug/IranRug/KermanRug/2KermanRug-History.html Kerman Rug (Iran): History ] ] Cotton textiles and goats-wool shawls are also manufactured.
The archeological ancient city of
Jiroftis located south of Kerman.
Most of the population of Kerman are Shi'a Muslims; But Kerman also has a small but culturally significant
Politics in Kerman are influenced by the former President
Ali Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, his brother and Vice President Mohammad Hashemi, and the Vice President Hossein Marashi, both from the nearby Rafsanjan.
Colleges and universities
Shahid Bahonar University of Kermanis one of Iran's leading technological institutions. Other universities are:
Kerman University of Medical Sciences
* [http://www.iauk.ac.ir/ Islamic Azad University of Kerman]
* [http://www.kkhec.ac.ir Kerman Khaje-Nasir Higher Education Center]
Kerman is on the Tehran, Bandar Abbas and Zahedan route.
Kerman Airportis counted as one of the main airports which has daily & weekly flights to Tehran, Ahwaz, Yazd, Esfahan, Bandar Abbas, Mashhadand Shiraz. Also the Trans Iranian Railway passes through this city.
Famous people from Kerman
Peyman Soltani, conductor of Persepolis Orchestra
Dr. Javad Nurbakhsh
Ali Akbar Abdolrashidi
Mirza Reza Kermani
* [http://www.irantouronline.com/kerman/natural-attractions/mahan-summer-residing-places-kerman.html Kerman Shazdeh Garden]
* [http://www.kdmc.ir Kerman Disaster Management Center ]
* [http://persia.org/imagemap/kerman.html Photos of historic sites in Kerman]
* [http://www.kermankar.ir Edareh Kar Kerman]
* [http://www.rugbux.com/PersianRugs/Kerman/index.htm Kerman Rug Industry]
* Photographs of Kerman::— "Masjed-e Jā'meh-e Kerman": [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067137/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] :— "Moshtāgh-Ali Shāh": [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067138/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] , [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067139/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (2)] , [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067140/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (3)] :— "Gonbad-e Jabalieh": [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067141/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] :— "Shāh Ne'matollah Vali" (in Māhān): [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067142/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)] , [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067720/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (2)] :— "Bāgh-e Shāzdeh" (in Māhān): [http://www.flickr.com/photos/sadeghkhan/219067721/sizes/l/in/photostream/ (1)]
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