Antistaphylococcal penicillins


Antistaphylococcal penicillins

{category|}

Penicillin resistance in "Staphylococcus aureus" appeared very soon after penicillin entered general clinical use in 1943, and the mechanism of resistance was the production of β-lactamase. Modifications of the penicillin molecule so that it was resistant to being broken down by β-lactamase was able to temporarily overcome this problems: these compounds became known as antistaphylococcal penicillins. The first of these compounds was methicillin, which is no longer in general use. The range of these penicillins available in each country is very different, and the reasons for this are historical.

*Cloxacillin (US)
*Flucloxacillin (UK and Australia)
*Methicillin
*Nafcillin (US)
*Oxacillin


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antibiotic resistance — is a type of drug resistance where a microorganism is able to survive exposure to an antibiotic. While a spontaneous or induced genetic mutation in bacteria may confer resistance to antimicrobial drugs, genes that confer resistance can be… …   Wikipedia

  • Toxic shock syndrome — Infobox Disease DiseasesDB = 13187 ICD10 = ICD10|A|48|3|a|30 ICD9 = ICD9|040.82 ICDO = OMIM = eMedicineSubj = med eMedicineTopic = 2292 eMedicine mult = eMedicine2|emerg|600 eMedicine2|derm|425 eMedicine2|ped|2269 MeshID = D012772 Caption = |… …   Wikipedia

  • Fosfomycin — Not to be confused with Fosmidomycin. Fosfomycin Systematic (IUPAC) name [(2R,3S) 3 methyloxiran 2 yl]phosphonic acid Clinical data …   Wikipedia

  • Ampicillin/flucloxacillin — Combination of Ampicillin Moderate spectrum penicillin Flucloxacillin Antistaphylococcal penicillin Clinical data Pregnancy cat.  ? Legal status  ? …   Wikipedia