- Rock Chalk, Jayhawk
"Rock Chalk, Jayhawk" (a.k.a. the "Rock Chalk" chant) is a
chantused at University of KansasJayhawks sporting events. It is probably best known as being loudly chanted at basketballgames at Allen Fieldhouseand football games at Memorial Stadium. Its lyrics are a refrain of "Rock chalk... Jay-Hawk... KU," repeated twice slowly, and then three times quickly. It is usually preceded by the Kansas alma mater"Crimson and the Blue", and followed by the fight song, "I'm a Jayhawk". Since the early 1990s, Kansas fans have been known to do the slow repetition of "Rock chalk... Jay-Hawk... KU" when the Jayhawks are believed to be safely ahead, guaranteeing a victory.
The chant was first adopted by the university's science club in 1866. Chemistry professor E.H.S. Bailey and his colleagues were returning by train to Lawrence after a conference. During their travel, they discussed a need of a rousing yell. They came up with "Rah, Rah, Jayhawk, KU", repeated three times. "Rock Chalk"—a transposition of chalk rock, a mineral that exists in western Kansas and similar to the
coccolithfound in the white cliffs of Dover—later replaced the two "rahs", after an English professor's suggestion. [cite web|url=http://www.rockchalk.com/john/john/rock.html|title=The Rock Chalk Chant|publisher=RockChalk.com|accessdate=2008-04-05]
Teddy Rooseveltcalled it the greatest college chant he had ever heard. Kansas troops have used it in the Philippine-American Warin 1899, the Boxer Rebellion, and World War II. In the 1920 Summer Olympics, Albert I of Belgiumasked for a typical American college yell, and gathered athletes replied with the chant.cite news|url=http://www.kansan.com/stories/2005/may/20/features_graduation_jayhawks/|title=The Land of the Jayhawks|publisher="The University Daily Kansan"|accessdate=2008-04-05|date=2005-05-20|author=DeReus, Bailey and Betsy McLeod]
*Hersey, Mark D. [http://www.kuhistory.com/proto/story.asp?id=85 "A Swell Yell,"] This Week in KU History. Accessed
September 11, 2007.
* [http://graphics.fansonly.com/schools/kan/multimedia/rock-chalk-chant.mp3 MP3 of the chant]
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