Infobox Indian Jurisdiction
type = City
type_2 = district, subdistrict
native_name = Rājkot
state_name = Gujarat
latd = 22.3000
longd = 70.7833
locator_position = right
area_total = 104.86
area_total_cite =cite web |publisher=Rajkot Municipal Corporation|title=Statistics |url=http://www.rmc.gov.in/statictic.php |accessdate=2007-12-19]
altitude = 134
climate = Semi-Arid
precip = 500
temp_annual = 26
temp_winter = 22 - 19
temp_summer = 43 - 33
destination_1 = Delhi
direction_1 = NE
distance_1 = 1131
mode_1 = Road, Rail
destination_2 = Mumbai
direction_2 = SE
distance_2 = 761
mode_2 = Road, Rail, Air
destination_3 = Ahmedabad
direction_3 = NE
distance_3 = 216
mode_3 = Road, Rail
nearest_city = Ahmedabad
district = Rajkot
region = Saurashtra (region)
population_total = 1335397
population_rank = 25
population_as_of = 2008
population_total_cite = †
population_density = 3250
sex ratio = 927 (2001)
literacy = 80.6 (2001)
official_languages = Gujarati, Hindi, English
leader_title_1 = Mayor
leader_name_1 = Miss Sandhya Vyas
Rajkot Municipal Corporation
established_date = 1973
legislature_type = Municipality
legislature_strength = 72
parliament_const = 1cite web |publisher=Lok Sabha |title=List of Lok Sabha Members from Gujarat |url=http://188.8.131.52/newls/statedetail.aspx?state_name=Gujarat |accessdate=2007-12-19]
assembly_const = 3cite web |publisher=Gujarat Vidhan Sabha|title=List of MLAs from Rajkot District |url=http://www.gujaratassembly.gov.in/eprajkot.htm |accessdate=2007-12-19]
planning_agency = 1 (RUDA)
civic agency = 1 (RMC)
corp_zone = 3 (Central, East & West)cite web |publisher=Rajkot Municipal Corporation|title - Statistics |url=http://www.rmc.gov.in/statictic.php |accessdate=2007-12-19]
corp_ward = 24cite web |publisher=Rajkot Municipal Corporation|title - Statistics |url=http://www.rmc.gov.in/statictic.php |accessdate=2007-12-19] cite web |publisher=Rajkot Municipal Corporation|title=Ward details |url=http://www.rmc.gov.in/ward.php |accessdate=2007-12-19]
area_telephone = 0281
postal_code = 360 00X
unlocode = INRAJ
vehicle_code_range = GJ-3
website = www.rmc.gov.in
website_caption = Rajkot Municipal Corporation
footnotes = † Estimated as on 2008
Rajkot ( _gu. રાજકોટ, _hi. राजकोट, _en. Rājkot, IPAudio|Rajkot.ogg|pronunciation) is the 4th largest city in the state of
Gujarat, India. Rajkot is the 28th urban agglomeration in India, with a population more than 1.43 million as on 2008.cite web |publisher=World Gazetteer |title=India: metropolitan areas |url=http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gpro&lng=en&dat=80&geo=-104&srt=pnan&col=aohdq&msz=1500&pt=a&va=&geo=-1049253] [ [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=&men=gcis&lng=en&dat=80&geo=-104&srt=pnan&col=aohdq&msz=1500&va=&pt=a World Gazetter: Largest cities in India] , Retrieved on January 4, 2008] Rajkot is ranked 22nd in The world’s fastest growing cities and urban areas from 2006 to 2020. [ [http://www.citymayors.com/statistics/urban_growth1.html City Mayors World's fastest growing urban areas (1)] , Retrieved on December 13, 2007]
Rajkot is a city of
Gujaratstate in Indiaand administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, located on the banks of the Aji River and Niari River. Rajkot was the capitalof the then Saurashtra state from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956 before merging in bilingual Bombay Stateon 1 November 1956. Rajkot was merged into Gujarat State from bilingual Bombay state on May 1, 1960.
Rajkot has been under many different rulers since it was founded. Rajkot has a long history and played a significant part in
Indian independence movement.
Rajkot was founded by Thakur Saheb Vibhaji Ajoji Jadeja of the Jadeja clan and Raju Sandhi in
1612AD, in the middle of Saurashtra. Vibhaji Ajoji was the grandson of Jam Sataji of Nawanagar, the present day Jamnagar. Rajkot was named in honour of its co-founder, Raju Sandhi.
Masum Khanconquered Rajkot in the year 1720 AD. He was a deputy Faujdarof Junagadh's Nawab. Masum Khan changed the name of Rajkot to Masumabad. He also built the fortress in 1722 AD, which was about 4 to 5 kilometers in perimeter and had walls that were convert|8|ft|m wide. There were Eight Gates, each studded with iron spikes on its outer side, for access to Masumabad: Kotharia Naka, Nava Naka, Raiya Naka, Bedi Naka, Bhichari Naka, Sardhar Naka and Pal no Darwajo. Further, there was a gate without spikes called Khadaki Naka near Nakalank Temple. The ruins of the fort wall can be seen in the bastion in the Ramnath para area. Gates of Bedi Naka and Raiya Naka were modified during the colonial times. The chief Engineer of British Agency, Sir Robert Bell Booth, renovated Bedi gate and Raiya Naka gate and built the present three storied clock towers in 1892.
Masumabad was later conquered by the Jadeja clan and its name restored to Rajkot. Bavajiraj Jadeja built Darbargadh, the first palace of this princely state. Bavajiraj was succeeded by his son, Sir Lakhjiraj Jadeja, the most prominent ruler amongst the Jadeja rulers to that time, who constructed Lalpari and Randarda lakes. Dharmendrasingji Jadeja, succeeded his father, Sir Lakhjiraj, but died while hunting of Lion in Sasan Gir and was succeeded by his brother Pradumansign Jadeja, Sir Lakhjiraj Jadeja's second son. Rajkot was merged into
Republic of Indiaduring Pradumansign Jadeja's reign.
British East India Companyfounded the Saurashtra agency in Rajkot to moderate all princely states. The regional headquarters and residency of this agency was at Kothi Compound. British constructed many impressive colonial buildings and educational institutions, such as Connaught Hall and The Rajkumar College. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, a.k.a. Mahatma Gandhi, spent the early years of his life in Rajkot when his father was a Diwan to the king of Rajkot. Gandhi fasted to ask to form a people's council and liberation of people of Rajkot at Rashtriya Shalain 1939.
After independence Rajkot became capital of the State of Saurashtra, headed by
U. N. Dhebaras Chief Minister. Rajkot was merged into the newly-created Gujarat State when it was separated from the bilingual Bombay Stateon May 1, 1960.
Geography and climate
source= [http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=73724&refer=&units=metric Weatherbase]
Rajkot is located at coord|22.3|N|70.78|E|. [ [http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/9/Rajkot.html Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Rajkot] , Retrieved on
2007] It has an average elevation of 134 metres (439 feet).The city is located on the bank of Aji River and Nyari River which remains dry except the monsoon months of July to September. The city is spread in the area of 104.86 km². [ [http://www.mapsofindia.com/rajkot/geography/index.html Rajkot Geography] , Retrieved on January 3, 2008]
Rajkot has a tropical wet and dry climate, with hot, dry summers from mid-March to mid-June, the wet
monsoonseason from mid-June to October, when the city receives 620 mm of rain on average. The months from November to February are mild, the average temperature being around 20°C, with low humidity.
One of the most important weather phenomena that are associated with the city of Rajkot is cyclone. The cyclones generally occur in the Arabian Sea during the months after the rainy season. The region experiences a lot of rainfall and high-speed winds during the time of the year after the monsoon season as well as the months of May and June. However, May and June experience lesser amount of rainfall and winds than the post-monsoon time. Thunderstorms are another important part of the Rajkot weather in the months of June and July. Fog is one of the major phenomena of Rajkot climate during winter. During summer time, the temperature ranges between 24°C and 42°C. In the months of winter, Rajkot temperature varies between 10°C and 22°C. [ [http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weatherall.php3?s=73724&refer=&units=metric Weatherbase of Rajkot (60 years on record)] , Retrieved on
February 1, 2008]
Rajkot had a total population of 10,03,015. Males are 5,25,898 and females are 5,25,898, in percent males are 52.43% and females are 47.57% of the total population in Rajkot (RMC) and it's suburbs including Manharpur, Madhapar, Anandpar, Munjka, Mota Mova, Vavdi, Bedi and Kotharia. Figures are As of 2006 [ [http://www.censusindia.gov.in/ Census of India] Retrieved on
December 13, 2007]
Rajkot city has an average literacy rate of 80.6%, higher than the national average.A clear majority of the people here are Hindus. In fact, over 90% of the people are Hindus. Jains also form a big group belonging to the bania caste. Many intermarriages between the Hindus and the Jains occur quite frequently.
The people in Rajkot are predominantly vegetarians and are vehemently against any form of hunting. This could be the main reason for the survival of rich fauna in this city. The women in Rajkot are very fond of jewelry. Large chains, pendants and other heavy gold jewelry are a common sight during marriages and festivals. The Rajkot men love to flaunt thick gold chains and numerous rings on their fingers. The attire changes with the season and approaching festivals. The ladies normally wear the Gujarati flavour of the Sari and men can be seen in flowing Kurtas.
Rajkot city is best known as a place that mixes tradition with modernity. This perfect blend is evident in its architecture and cuisine. The 21st century has not left Rajkot India trailing behind. Rajkot is bland of multicultural. People have arrived from various part of the world. One can find many languages, like Gujarati, Hindi, English, Sindhi, Marathi and Tamil. However, only Gujarati, Hindi and English are well understood.
Rajkot is home to numerous national landmarks and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the India. The Jubilee Garden is a large, open park area in the center of the city featuring many monuments to colonial time. Located prominently in the center of the garden is the
Connaught Hall. Other notable points of interest near the Garden include the Alfred High School, Watson Museum, Lang Library.
The Rotary Dolls Museum has a collection of more than 1,400 unique dolls from all over India. [ [http://www.rotary3060dolls.org/rdmprofile.asp Rotary Dolls Museum, Rajkot] ,
May 21, 2008]
Lang Libraryand the G.T. Sheth Library collect thousands of documents and books covering every period in Rajkot and Saurashtra (region)history. Rajkot has many other public libraries with many branches throughout the city. It includes Rotary Midtown of Rajkot City Library and many more.
Other points of interest in Rajkot include
Masonic Hall, Jam Tower, Race Course, Aji Dam, Ramakrishna Aashram, Shri Ranchhoddas Ashram, Swaminarayan Temple, Nageshwar Parswanath Jain Temple, Balkrishna Haveli, Ishwariya Temple and Garden, Mukti Dhama, Lal Pari Lake, Randerda Lake.Kaba Gandhi no Delo: Gandhiji's ancestral home which now houses the Gandhi Smriti, a permanent exhibition. Watson Museum And Library: The Watson Museum today has a collection of human history and culture. Its collection has precious objects of colonial period of India and History of Rajkot.Located in the pleasant Jubilee Garden, the museum is a good introduction to Saurashtra's cultural heritage.
Rajkot is a major regional center for the arts, with many venues for the performing arts in the city. Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha, [ [http://sargamclub.org/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=37&Itemid=55 Sargam Club - Hemu Gadhvi Natyagraha] , Retrieved on
January 13, 2008] one of the first non-profit regional theaters, is rich with history and dedicated to the Gujarati Play.
Rajkot has its own native music genre, called Dayro, [ [http://www.gujaratonair.com/internet_gujarati_radio/gujarati_dayro.asp Gujarati Dayro] , Retrieved on
January 13, 2008] which is used to convey folk stories and sayings. Rajkot also inherited Kathiyawadi folk music.
Cricketis the most famous sport in the city. One-day internationals, domestic tournaments such as the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophyand many inter-school and collegiate tournaments are played at the Madhavrao Scindia Cricket Ground. Rajkot has produced cricketers such as K S Ranjitsinhji, Karsan Ghavriand Cheteshwar Pujarawho have been members of the Indian cricket team. Rajkot has other many cricket ground around city, including Railway Cricket Ground and Rajkumar College South Ground. Apart from cricket, other sports such as hockey, football, Volleyball, badminton, tennis, swimmingand squash are rapidly popularizing in city. There has been a significant increase in recent years in the number of private sports clubs, gymkhanas and gymnasiums. Kathiawar gymkhana, indoor stadium and swimming pools of Rajkot Municipal Corporationare major sports club in city. Recently, the Gujarat Hockey Team (Under 14) made up with all the 16 players from Rajkot. [ [http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/All-of-U14-Gujarat-Hockey-Team-made-up-of-Rajkot-players/265310/ Gujarat Hockey Team U14] , Retrieved on January 28, 2008]
Rajkot has number of newspaper publications mainly distinct by Daily morning and evening news papers. News papers published in English language are The Times of India, Indian Express, Economic Times, Business Standard and news papers published in Gujarati language are Phulchhab, Jaihind, Jansatta, Sandesh, Gujarat Samachar, Divya Bhaskar, Sambhav. Rajkot also published evening news paper including Akila, Sanj Samachar, Aaj Kal those have very health estimated readers per copy rate. A large number of magazines, periodicals and journals are regularly published and circulated across the city.
The city has five
FMstations at All India Radio (Akashvani), Rajkot (102.4 FM), Gyan Vani, Rajkot (107.8 FM), Big92.7FM (92.7FM), Radio Mirchi(98.3FM), S FM (93.5 FM) and Satellite radio WorldSpacewith 33 channels. Radio Mirchi & S FM are 24 Hrs Radio Station. However All India Radio, Rajkot also broadcasts on (1071 AM). [ [http://www.asiawaves.net/india/gujarat-radio.htm#rajkot-radio Frequency of Rajkot Radio] , Retrieved December 13, 2007]
Prasar Bhartitelecasts DD National(DD1), DD Gujarati(DD11) from Doordarshan Kendra, Rajkot. Rajkot Chamber of Cable operators (RCC) has launched a company, which provide cable connection to Rajkot City and its suburbs with 94 circulars. Currently RCC is multicasting around 90 channels. [http://www.bsnl.co.in/ BSNL] Telephone Exchange provides PSTN, Mobile, WLL and Broadband services. Private companies like Idea cellular, Reliance Infocomm, Tata Indicom, Bharti Airtel and Vodafone India also provides Mobile and Broadband services.
Rajkot is a city of festivals. Garba, a dance form, is popular both with men and women and is performed during the Navratri festival. The dance starts before midnight and continues until dawn. Mata Ambe, who rides a Lion, has a special reverential status with any highly religious Gujarati. The 'Janmastami Mela' organizes by RMC for five days at the Race Course grounds to celebrate Janmastami. Diwali is the New Year for Hindus and people celebrate by doing Ma Laxmi Pujan. Rajkot Municipality arranges the Firecracker Show for the citizens of Rajkot. People clean and paint their houses and purchase new clothes to wear on new year's day. Dhuleti is the colour festival and Mahashivrati is God Shiva's day. People also celebrate Uttaran (Makar Sankrant) on 14th January by flying kites from their terrace. Other holidays are Ganesh Utsava, Ram Navami, Mahavir Jayanthi etc... Since Rajkot has people from many different castes and races, their various celebrations occur throughout the year.
The city contributes to the economy of the state with heavy and small scale industries under the patronage of
Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation(GIDC) and Gujarat State Financial Corporation (GSFC). The economy of Rajkot got another shot in the arm with 28 crore World Bank aid for development of infrastructure of the city. Many a renowned business houses made a beeline for grabbing the property market in the city, before it skyrockets. The plans are already in place to beautify and modernize the ancient city, including a Rock Garden, ala Chandigarh. Another 25 crore project to rebuild the Kaiser-e-Hind, the only major bridge linking to the city, is already nearing completion. All such infrastructure development will add to the economic wealth and promote the local business houses.
Rajkot is famous for its jewelery market, silk embroidery and watch parts. The city hosts several small scale manufacturing industries. Some of the industrial products for which Rajkot is known include Bearings, Diesel Engines, Kitchen Knives and other cutting appliances, Watch Parts (Watch Cases & Bracelets), Automotive Parts, Forging industry, Casting industry, Machine tools, Software Development, Share Market
Rajkot is well known throughout the world for its casting and forging industries. Over the last few years, it has started to play an increasingly important role in the complex supply chains of many global engineering companies that make products such as electric motors, automobiles, machine tools, bearings, etc. Companies such as H J steel, Prashant Ferex, Rolex Rings, etc. are prime examples of this trend and due to huge investments by the Government and private sector in local infrastructure such as highways, ports, power plants etc., many more companies are expected to join them.
There are about 500 foundry units in Rajkot. The cluster came-up mainly to cater to the casting requirements of the local diesel engine industry. The geographical spread of the cluster includes Aji Vasahat, Gondal Road and Bhavanagar Road areas. Majority of the foundry units in Rajkot produce Grey iron castings for the domestic market. A very small percentage (about 2%) of the foundry units export castings such as electric motor castings, automobile castings etc.
Rajkot is also famous for its gold purity. It has one of the largest gold markets in India. Rajkot is also growing up in Software Industries and ITeS. There are many
SOHOcompanies working in web development and many new multinational software companies and call centers are setting up their operation and development center in Rajkot. AllianceTek has announced to set up development center in Rajkot by end of March 2009. [ [http://massachusetts-press-release.com/48/AllianceTek,%20a%20US%20Software%20Development%20firm,%20is%20Opening%20a%20%20New%20Development%20Center%20in%20India.php Press Release: AllianceTek's new development Center in India] , Retrieved on [May 26] ,  ]
In the near future, the government of Gujarat will allocate large land areas for the development of Special Economic Zone [ [http://www.reaindia.com/special.php REA SEZ] , Retrieved on
January 13, 2008] which will be parted in three different areas and will include industries such as Software, Auto-Mobiles, etc. As per recent market reviews, Rajkot is becoming Asia's biggest Auto-Mobile Zone.
Law and government
Rajkot is managed by many government bodies, including Jilla Seva Sadan (Rajkot district Collector Offices),
Rajkot Municipal Corporation, Rajkot Urban Development Authorityand Police Department of Gujarat and Rajkot City Traffic Police Department.
The city civic body has started a 24x7 call center, the first of its kind in Gujarat and the second in the country to take care of all complaints relating to civic management. Citizens can now get all their complaints registered with the Rajkot Municipal Corporation by dialling a single number with an assurance that the problem would be addressed within 72 hours. [ [http://www.expressindia.com/latest-news/State-gets-its-first-civic-call-centre-facility/266160/ Civic Call Center] , Retrieved on
January 28, 2008]
The public school system in the city is operated by
Rajkot Municipal Corporationand consists of 20 schools and learning centers, [ [http://www.rmc.gov.in/rti/School%20Board_RTI_2007.pdf RMC School Board RTI] , Retrieved on January 13, 2008] which consist of 3 elementary schools, 7 middle schools, 4 junior high schools, 4 senior high schools, 1 education centers, and 1 special schools. [ [http://www.rmc.gov.in/rti/highschool/1.pdf RMC Highschools] , Retrieved on January 13, 2008]
Colleges and universities
The city is home to
Saurashtra University, several colleges, and other institutions of higher education, both public and private.The city has five engineering colleges namely V.V.P. Engg. College, Atmiya Institute, Government Engineering College(AVPT), R.K. College of Engg. & other two are under construction, they are Gardi Engg. College & Raj College from SanjayRaj Travels. The Saurashtra Universityis the city's public university; it provides one of the most modern and sophisticated infrastructures in the region for higher studies. It is spread across approximately convert|410|acre|km2 of lush green land with 28 post graduation departments. [ [http://www.saurashtrauniversity.edu/about_uni.htm About Saurashtra University] , Retrieved on January 13, 2008]
Rajkot is connected to major Indian cities by Air, Railway and Road.
Roads and highways
The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) runs regular buses to and from Rajkot to other cities of Gujarat. Rajkot is very well connected with Gujarat State Highways,
National Highway 8and East-West Corridor. There are a number of private bus operators connecting city with Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradeshand other states of India.
Rail and bus
Rajkot Railway Stationis a main railway junction of Saurashtra (region), trains for the all the major cities of India is available from here. Rajkot Municipal Corporationhas restored city bus services with Public Private Partnership in 2007. RMC and Private company is providing around 80 CNGbuses under 15 to 20 routs in city and suburbs. RMC is also working for Rajkot Bus Rapid TransitSystem (RBRTS) [ [http://www.umtc.co.in/html/Ongoing-rojects.htm Rajkot BRTS] , Retrieved on December 6, 2008] for providing better transportation within city. [ [http://cities.expressindia.com/fullstory.php?newsid=247041 Rajkot BRTS] , Retrieved on January 6, 2008] Rajkot has sufficient amount of auto rickshaws, which are running round the clock within city.
Rajkot has one sister city. [Sister cities of Leicester, England. Retrieved on
December 18, 2007] Leicester RajkotTwinning Association is going to build Leicester House with collaboration of RMC in Rajkot. [ [http://www.leicester-rajkot.org/ Sister (Twin) Cities of Rajkot] . Retrieved on December 18, 2007.] [ [http://www.leicester.gov.uk/your-council--services/lc/twinning/rajkot Leicester City Council] . Retrieved on December 18]
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first = Anant
title="A History of important ancient towns & cities in Gujarat & Kathiawad"
id = ASIN B0008B2NGA
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first = Virbhadra
title="The Rajputs of Saurashtra"
id = ISBN 8171545467
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first = George Nathaniel
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first = Edward
title="A Gazetteer of The Territories under the government of The East-India Company, and of the Native states on the continent of India."
id = ISBN 8185557527
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first = Henry George
title="The Cities of Gujaráshtra: : Their Topography and History Illustrated, in"
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title="The Christian Retrospect and Register: A Summary of the Scientific, Moral"
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* [http://www.leicester.gov.uk/about-leicester/lordmayorcivic/roll-of-mayors/1928-2000-roll-of-lord-mayors/1990---1999-lord-mayors/1996-culdipp-bhatti Councillor Culdipp Singh Bhatt's Visit - 1996]
* [http://www.leicester.gov.uk/your-council--services/lc/twinning/rajkot/civic-visit-to-rajkot Leicester City Council - Civic Visit to Rajkot - January 2001]
* [http://www.rmc.gov.in Official website of Rajkot Municipal Corporation, Local government]
* [http://www.rmcdm.com/ Rajkot Disaster Management Authority]
* [http://www.rajkotuda.com/ Rajkot Urban Development Authority]
* [http://www.rajkotchamber.com/ Rajkot Chamber of Commerce & Industry]
* [http://www.reaindia.com/ Rajkot Engineering Association]
* [http://www.gidclodhika.com/ GIDC (Lodhika) Industrial Association, Rajkot]
* [http://www.saurashtrauniversity.edu/ Official website of Saurashtra University]
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