- James H. Simpson
James Hervey Simpson was an officer in the U.S. Army and a member of the United States Topographical Engineers. He was born in New Brunswick,
New Jerseyon March 9, 1813, the son of John Simpson and Mary Brunson. He graduated from the United States Military Academyin 1832, and served in the Second Seminole War.
In 1849 he surveyed areas in the American Southwest, between Santa Fe and the Navajo tribal lands. In 1859 he headed an expedition to survey a new route from
Camp Floyd(south of Salt Lake City) across the Great Salt Lake Desertof Utahand through the Basin and Range Province, to Genoa (in far western Nevada). Although Simpson's detailed survey results were not published until 1876, the Army immediately realized the value of this more direct route to California, and contracted Frederick Lander to improve it for use by wagons.
Simpson's Central Route played a vital role in the transportation of mail, freight, and passengers between the established eastern states and California, especially when hostilities of the Civil War closed the
Butterfield Overland Mailstagecoach route that ran along the southern border states. George Chorpenningimmediately switched to Simpson's route to run his existing mail and stage line, and the Pony Expressused it as well. In 1861 the Transcontinental Telegraph was laid along the route, making the Pony Express obsolete. Afterwards, Wells Fargo & Co. hauled mail, freight, and passengers along Simpson's route until 1869, when transportation and telegraphy were switched to the newly completed Transcontinental Railroad.
Simpson was a first lieutenant during the 1849 survey and a captain during his 1859 expedition. He served (and was captured and released) in the Civil War, and was eventually promoted to a brigadier general and named chief engineer of the Interior Department. He oversaw the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad, the completion of which made his
Central Nevada Routeobsolete. In 1880 he retired to St. Paul, Minnesota, and died there on March 2, 1883.
Simpson Park Mountainsin central Nevada, a small range in west-central Utah, and the Simpson Springs Pony Express Station are all named after him.
"Dictionary of American Biography", vol. IX, p. 179.
"Navajo Expedition: Journal of a Military Reconnaissance from Santa Fe, New Mexico to the Navajo Country, Made in 1849"by James H. Simpson, Durwood Ball, and Frank McNitt. ISBN 0-8061-3570-0
"Report of Explorations across the Great Basin in 1859" by James H. Simpson. ISBN 0-87417-078-8
"Essay on Coronado's March in Search of the Seven Cities of Cibola", by J. H. Simpson (1869).
* [http://www.hq.usace.army.mil/history/Vignettes/Vignette_81.htm Biography of James H. Simpson]
* [http://www.hq.usace.army.mil/history/Vignettes/Vignette_81.htm U.S. Army Corps of Engineers – Historical Vignettes]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
James Young Simpson — Sir James Young Simpson (* 7. Juni 1811 in Bathgate, Linlithgow, Schottland; † 6. Mai 1870 in Edinburgh) war ein schottischer Arzt. Er war Professor für Geburtshilfe an der Universität von Edinbu … Deutsch Wikipedia
James Young Simpson — Infobox Scientist name = James Young Simpson caption = James Young Simpson birth date = June 7, 1811 birth place = Bathgate, West Lothian death date = death date and age|1870|5|6|1811|6|7 death place = Edinburgh occupation = Physician field =… … Wikipedia
James Young Simpson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Simpson. James Young Simpson James Young Simpson (7 juin 1811, Bathgate 6 mai … Wikipédia en Français
James E. Simpson House — Infobox nrhp | name =James E. Simpson House nrhp type = caption = location= Methuen, Massachusetts lat degrees = 42 lat minutes = 44 lat seconds = 17 lat direction = N long degrees = 71 long minutes = 9 long seconds = 59 long direction = W… … Wikipedia
Sir James Young Simpson — noun Scottish obstetrician and surgeon who pioneered in the use of ether and discovered the anesthetic effects of chloroform (1811 1870) • Syn: ↑Simpson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑doctor, ↑doc, ↑physician, ↑MD, ↑Dr., ↑medico … Useful english dictionary
James simpson-daniel — Pas d image ? Cliquez ici. Fiche d identité Nom complet … Wikipédia en Français
Simpson (Familienname) — Simpson ist ein Familienname: Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z … Deutsch Wikipedia
James Simpson (politician) — James Jimmy Simpson (1873 1938) was a Canadian trade unionist, printer, journalist and left wing politician in Toronto, Ontario. He was a long time member of Toronto s city council and served as Mayor of Toronto in 1935, the first member of the… … Wikipedia
Simpson — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Lugares 2 Personajes 3 Personas 4 Universidades 5 Otros … Wikipedia Español
James Simpson (government official) — James S. Simpson has been the Federal Transit Administrator since August 10, 2006. Jim began his career in transportation over 30 years ago as a tractor trailer driver for a local moving company and advanced within the company to shape it into a… … Wikipedia