Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe


Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe

Turf race infobox
class = Group 1
horse race = Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe


caption =
location = Longchamp Racecourse
Paris, France
inaugurated = 1920
race type = Thoroughbred - Flat race
sponsor = Qatar
website = [http://www.france-galop.com/All-the-races.233+M52087573ab0.0.html?&course_id=1530&no_cache=1&numero_id=10 France-Galop.com]
distance = 2,400 metres (1½ miles)
track = Turf, right-handed
qualification = Three-years-old and up
excluding geldings

weight = 56 kg (3yo); 59½ kg (4yo+)
Allowances
1½ kg for fillies and mares

purse = 4,000,000 "(2008)"
Distribution
1st: 57.14%, 2nd: 22.86%
3rd: 11.43%, 4th: 5.71%
5th: 2.86%

bonuses =
The Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe is a Group 1 flat horse race in France open to thoroughbreds which are three-years-old or above. It is run over a distance of 2,400 metres (approximately 1½ miles) at Longchamp Racecourse, and it takes place annually, traditionally on the first Sunday in October.

Popularly referred to as the "Arc", it is the most prestigious horse race in Europe, and one of the most renowned international events in any sport. Many winners of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe are subsequently regarded as champions, and its roll of honour features such highly acclaimed racehorses as Ribot, Sea Bird, Mill Reef and Dancing Brave. With a prize fund of 4 million euros, it is presently the world's richest horse race contested on turf.

A slogan of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe, first used on a promotional poster in 2003, describes the event as "Ce n'est pas une course, c'est un monument" – "Not so much a race as a monument".

History

The former governing body of French racing, the "Société d'Encouragement", had initially restricted its races to thoroughbreds which were born and bred in France. In 1863, however, it launched a new event, the Grand Prix de Paris, which was designed to bring together the best three-year-olds from any country. Thirty years later it introduced a second international event, the Prix du Conseil Municipal, which enabled the leading horses of different age groups to compete against each other. This race was run over 2,400 metres in October, and its conditions included "overweights and underweights", a handicap system based on the previous performances of the participating horses.

The creation of a third such race was proposed by the "Société d'Encouragement" at a committee meeting on January 24, 1920. The new event, like its predecessors, would take place at Longchamp Racecourse. It was to be an international race to complement the Grand Prix de Paris, and it would serve as a showcase for French thoroughbred breeding. It would have similar characteristics to the Prix du Conseil Municipal, but unlike that event it would use the weight for age system, with each horse competing on equal terms, unpenalised for previous victories.

Coming in the wake of World War I, it was decided that the race would be named after the Arc de Triomphe, a famous monument in Paris which had been the scene of a victory parade by the Allies in 1919. The title "Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe" had been previously assigned to a minor event at Longchamp, a race which had been known by this name since 1882. Another suggested title had been the "Prix de la Victoire".

The Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe was first run on Sunday October 3, 1920. The inaugural running was won by Comrade, a three-year-old colt owned by Evremond de Saint-Alary. The winner's prize was 150,000 francs, with 18,000 francs for the runner-up and 10,000 francs for the third-placed horse.

In 1935 the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe secured state funding by the means of a lottery, which awarded prizes according to the race result and the drawing of lots. The system was first used in 1936, and it continued until 1938. During World War II the "Arc" was cancelled in 1939 and 1940, and it was switched to Tremblay in 1943 and 1944. At this temporary venue the race was run over a distance of 2,300 metres. It has otherwise continually taken place at Longchamp.

Government funding of the race resumed in 1949, with money obtained through the "Loterie Nationale". Offering an attractive jackpot of 50 million francs, this enabled a rapid increase of the prizes for both the "Arc" and its supporting races. By the 1970s, however, the assistance of the lottery had diminished, and the system was finally discontinued after the 1982 running. Since then the "Arc" has had several sponsors, including Trusthouse Forte, Ciga Hotels and Hôtels et Casinos du Groupe Lucien Barrière.

The present sponsor of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe is the Qatar Racing and Equestrian Club (QREC). The sponsorship agreement between France Galop and the QREC was signed in Doha in 2008, and it covers the five runnings of the "Arc" from 2008 to 2012. As a result of this deal the prize fund of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe was doubled from €2 million to €4 million. It has thus become the world's richest turf race, and the second richest overall, behind the Dubai World Cup. The purse for the whole weekend of the "Arc" meeting now stands at €6.7 million (about USD $10 million). It includes seven races classed at the highest level, Group 1, and four with Group 2 status.

Records

Leading jockey (4 wins):
* Jacques Doyasbère – "Djebel (1942), Ardan (1944), Tantieme (1950, 1951)"
* Freddy Head – "Bon Mot (1966), San San (1972), Ivanjica (1976), Three Troikas (1979)"
* Yves Saint-Martin – "Sassafras (1970), Allez France (1974), Akiyda (1982), Sagace (1984)"
* Pat Eddery – "Detroit (1980), Rainbow Quest (1985), Dancing Brave (1986), Trempolino (1987)"----Leading trainer (7 wins):
* André Fabre – "Trempolino (1987), Subotica (1992), Carnegie (1994), Peintre Celebre (1997), Sagamix (1998), Hurricane Run (2005), Rail Link (2006)"----Leading owner (6 wins):
* Marcel Boussac – "Corrida (1936, 1937), Djebel (1942), Ardan (1944), Caracalla (1946), Coronation (1949)"

Winners

note label|1925|1|1 Cadum finished first in 1925 but was relegated to second place following a Stewards' Inquiry.
note label|Tremblay|2|2 The 1943 and 1944 races were run at Tremblay over a distance of 2,300 metres.
note label|1959|3|3 Midnight Sun dead-heated for first place in 1959 but was relegated to second following a Stewards' Inquiry.
note label|1985|4|4 Sagace finished first in 1985 but was relegated to second place following a Stewards' Inquiry.

Miscellaneous information


* Fastest winning time – 2m 24.6s – "Peintre Celebre (1997)"
* Widest margin of victory – 6 lengths – "Ribot (1956), Sea Bird (1965), Sakhee (2001)"
* Multiple winners – six horses have won the race twice:: "Ksar (1921, 1922), Tantieme (1950, 1951), Motrico (1930, 1932), Ribot (1955, 1956), Corrida (1936, 1937), Alleged (1977, 1978)"
* Oldest winning horse – 7-years-old – "Motrico (1932)"
* Leading sire of Arc winnersBruleur (4 wins) – "Ksar (1921, 1922), Priori (1925), Samos (1935)"
* Most runners – 30 in 1967 (the present maximum is 20)
* Fewest runners – 7 in 1941
* Fillies and mares – seventeen wins – "Pearl Cap (1931), Samos (1935), Corrida (1936, 1937), Nikellora (1945), Coronation (1949), La Sorellina (1953), San San (1972), Allez France (1974), Ivanjica (1976), Three Troikas (1979), Detroit (1980), Gold River (1981), Akiyda (1982), All Along (1983), Urban Sea (1993), Zarkava (2008)"
----
* The 1947 winner, "Le Paillon", was a top class hurdler who was runner-up in that year's Champion Hurdle.
* Criquette Head-Maarek, the trainer of the 1979 winner "Three Troikas", remains the only woman to have trained an Arc winner.
* The third-placed horse in 2006, Deep Impact, was later disqualified after testing positive for the banned substance ipratropium.
----
* Wins by country trained
: flagicon|France France – (64 wins) : flagicon|UK Great Britain – (10) – "Parth (1923), Migoli (1948), Mill Reef (1971), Rheingold (1973), Rainbow Quest (1985), Dancing Brave (1986), Carroll House (1989), Lammtarra (1995), Sakhee (2001), Marienbard (2002)" : flagicon|Ireland Ireland – (6) – "Ballymoss (1958), Levmoss (1969), Alleged (1977, 1978), Sinndar (2000), Dylan Thomas (2007)" : flagicon|Italy Italy – (6) – "Ortello (1929), Crapom (1933), Ribot (1955, 1956), Molvedo (1961), Tony Bin (1988)" : flagicon|Germany Germany – (1) – "Star Appeal (1975)" ----
* Wins by country foaled
: flagicon|France France – (44 wins) : flagicon|Ireland Ireland – (16) – "Parth (1923), Migoli (1948), Vaguely Noble (1968), Levmoss (1969), Rheingold (1973), Star Appeal (1975), Tony Bin (1988), Carroll House (1989), Carnegie (1994), Montjeu (1999), Sinndar (2000), Marienbard (2002), Dalakhani (2003), Hurricane Run (2005), Dylan Thomas (2007), Zarkava (2008)" : flagicon|USA United States – (14) – "Mill Reef (1971), San San (1972), Allez France (1974), Ivanjica (1976), Alleged (1977, 1978), Rainbow Quest (1985), Dancing Brave (1986), Trempolino (1987), Suave Dancer (1991), Urban Sea (1993), Lammtarra (1995), Peintre Celebre (1997), Sakhee (2001)" : flagicon|UK Great Britain – (7) – "Comrade (1920), Ballymoss (1958), Saint Crespin (1959), Prince Royal (1964), Akiyda (1982), Saumarez (1990), Rail Link (2006)" : flagicon|Italy Italy – (6) – "Ortello (1929), Crapom (1933), Nuccio (1952), Ribot (1955, 1956), Molvedo (1961)" ----
* Winner's previous race (since 1980; won unless stated): Prix Niel – "Trempolino, Carnegie, Helissio, Peintre Celebre (2nd), Sagamix, Montjeu, Sinndar, Dalakhani, Bago (3rd), Hurricane Run, Rail Link": Prix Foy – "Gold River (3rd), All Along (2nd), Sagace, Subotica (2nd)": Irish Champion Stakes – "Carroll House, Suave Dancer, Dylan Thomas": Prix Vermeille – "Detroit (3rd), Akiyda (2nd), Zarkava": King George VI & Queen Elizabeth Stakes – "Rainbow Quest (3rd), Lammtarra": Select Stakes – "Dancing Brave": Premio Federico Tesio – "Tony Bin": Prix du Prince d'Orange – "Saumarez": Prix Gontaut-Biron – "Urban Sea": International Stakes – "Sakhee": Grosser Preis von Baden – "Marienbard"
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* Major races at the 2008 Arc meeting: Saturday:: Prix Chaudenay, Prix de Royallieu, Prix de la Forêt, Prix du Cadran, Prix Daniel Wildenstein, Prix Dollar: Sunday:: Prix de l'Abbaye, Prix Marcel Boussac, Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère, Prix de l'Opéra, Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe

References

* [http://www.france-galop.com/All-the-races.233+M52087573ab0.0.html?&course_id=1530&no_cache=1&numero_id=10 France-Galop.com]
* [http://www.pedigreequery.com/index.php?search_bar=stakes&query_type=stakes&field=view&id=38 PedigreeQuery.com]
* Racing Post:
** [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=93665&r_date=1988-10-2 1988] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=97839&r_date=1989-10-8 1989] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=102525&r_date=1990-10-7 1990] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=107336&r_date=1991-10-6 1991] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=112228&r_date=1992-10-4 1992] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=117251&r_date=1993-10-3 1993] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=122426&r_date=1994-10-2 1994] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=127893&r_date=1995-10-1 1995] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=231446&r_date=1996-10-6 1996] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=244112&r_date=1997-10-5 1997]
** [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=257748&r_date=1998-10-4 1998] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=273021&r_date=1999-10-3 1999] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=291597&r_date=2000-10-1 2000] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=307370&r_date=2001-10-7 2001] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=323214&r_date=2002-10-6 2002] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=339858&r_date=2003-10-5 2003] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=359284&r_date=2004-10-3 2004] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=392426&r_date=2005-10-2 2005] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=417515&r_date=2006-10-1 2006] , [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?&race_id=441916&r_date=2007-10-7 2007]
** [http://www.racingpost.co.uk/horses/result.sd?race_id=467170&r_date=2008-10-5 2008]
* "galop.courses-france.com:"
** [http://galop.courses-france.com/plat/courses/Prix-de-l'Arc-de-Triomphe-1920-1949.php 1920-1949] , [http://galop.courses-france.com/plat/courses/Prix-de-l'Arc-de-Triomphe-1950-1979.php 1950-1979] , [http://galop.courses-france.com/plat/courses/Prix-de-l'Arc-de-Triomphe-1980-2009.php 1980-present]
* [http://www.tbheritage.com/TurfHallmarks/racecharts/Fr/arc.html tbheritage.com]
* [http://www.prixarcdetriomphe.com/en/prix_arc_triomphe.html prixarcdetriomphe.com]

ee also

* List of French flat horse races----


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