- Republic of Canada
"This article is about the short-lived Republic of Canada. For the article about ending the monarchy in Canada see
The Republic of Canada was a
provisional governmentproclaimed by William Lyon Mackenzieon December 13 1837. The government was established on Navy Islandin the Niagara Riverin the latter days of the Upper Canada Rebellionafter Mackenzie and 200 of his followers retreated from Toronto.
December 29, Royal NavyCommander Andrew Drew and seven boatloads of Canadian militiamen crossed the Niagara River to Fort Schlosser. They captured the American supply steamer "Caroline" used by William Lyon Mackenzie and his rebels on Navy Island (see Caroline Affair). Drew's forces set the ship alight and sent it adrift towards Niagara Falls, resulting in the death of one American.
January 13 1838, Mackenzie abandoned Navy Island under heavy fire from British troops. He fled to Buffalo, New York, and was incarcerated in the U.S. for 18 months for violating neutrality laws between the United States and the British Empire.
* [http://flagspot.net/flags/ca-1837u.html Flags of the World: Rebellion of 1837-1839 in Canada (Upper Canada)]
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