Serbian Railways


Serbian Railways

Infobox_Company
company_name = Serbian Railways
Железнице Србије
company_type = Government-owned
company_
company_slogan =
foundation = 2006
location_city = Belgrade
location_country = Serbia
industry = Rail Transport
products = Rail Transport, Rail Construction, Services
revenue =
net_income =
operating_income =
num_employees =
key_people =
parent =
subsid =
homepage =
foot_notes =

Serbian Railways (Serbian: "Железнице Србије/Železnice Srbije") is the national railway carrier of Serbia. Today network is 4,347 km long, with 32% electrified railways.

History

On August 20, 1854, the first horse-drawn railway was opened on Lisava–Oravica–Bazijas line. The first traffic with steam traction was opened in 1856. Serbian Railways as a company is traced back to 1881 when King Milan I declared formation of the Serbian National Railways. The first royal train departed from Belgrade to Niš on August 23, 1884, which is considered by Serbian Railways as the official year when the company was created. The first electrified line was opened between Belgrade and Šid in 1970.

From the 1920s to the dissolution of Yugoslavia it operated under the name Yugoslav Railways. The department responsible for in-train service and catering is called "KSR - Kola za Spavanje i Ručavanje" (in English: "The Dining and Sleeping Wagons)"

Rolling stock

The rolling stock consists mostly of fast electric trainsets (EMU class 412) and of electric locomotives built in the cooperation between Mašinska Industrija Niš (MIN) and Rade Končar Company Zagreb (classes 441 and 444), under the Swedish licence, as well as Romanian built Electroputere Craiova (classes 461 which is used mainly for cargo transport due to its moderate speed), built under the same licence. Some of these locomotives recently underwent comprehensive modernization either by MIN or Končar Zagreb.

The diesel traction is powered by locomotives built by General Motors Company (classes 645, 661, 664, 666), MIN (classes 741, 742, 734), Macosa (class 644), Đuro Đaković Company (class 662, 643, 642), as well as by some other, mostly European suppliers. Diesel trainsets (DMU classes 710, 712 and 812) are used mainly on local lines.

ervices

Serbian Railways has many services, ranging from domestic and international routes to tourist rides. For tourism, the heritage line Šargan Eight is used as a train designed from another century for passengers to experience. For long distance destinations like Venice, Munich, Vienna, Thessaloniki, Budapest, Kiev, and Moscow, Inter City class train "Avala" is used.

References

See also

*Transport in Serbia
*Belgrade - Bar railway
*Transportation in Belgrade
*Jugoslovenske železnice

External links

* [http://www.serbianrailways.com/ Serbian Railways]


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