- Serbian Railways
company_name = Serbian Railways
company_type = Government-owned
foundation = 2006
Rail Transport, Rail Construction, Services
Serbian Railways (Serbian: "Железнице Србије/Železnice Srbije") is the national railway carrier of
Serbia. Today network is 4,347 km long, with 32% electrified railways.
August 20, 1854, the first horse-drawn railway was opened on Lisava–Oravica–Bazijas line. The first traffic with steam traction was opened in 1856. Serbian Railways as a company is traced back to 1881 when King Milan I declared formation of the Serbian National Railways. The first royal train departed from Belgradeto Nišon August 23, 1884, which is considered by Serbian Railways as the official year when the company was created. The first electrified line was opened between Belgradeand Šidin 1970.
From the 1920s to the dissolution of
Yugoslaviait operated under the name Yugoslav Railways. The department responsible for in-train service and catering is called "KSR - Kola za Spavanje i Ručavanje" (in English: "The Dining and Sleeping Wagons)"
The rolling stock consists mostly of fast electric trainsets (EMU class 412) and of electric locomotives built in the cooperation between
Mašinska Industrija Niš(MIN) and Rade Končar Company Zagreb (classes 441 and 444), under the Swedish licence, as well as Romanian built ElectroputereCraiova (classes 461 which is used mainly for cargo transport due to its moderate speed), built under the same licence. Some of these locomotives recently underwent comprehensive modernization either by MIN or Končar Zagreb.
The diesel traction is powered by locomotives built by General Motors Company (classes 645, 661, 664, 666), MIN (classes 741, 742, 734),
Macosa(class 644), Đuro Đaković Company (class 662, 643, 642), as well as by some other, mostly European suppliers. Diesel trainsets (DMU classes 710, 712 and 812) are used mainly on local lines.
Serbian Railways has many services, ranging from domestic and international routes to tourist rides. For tourism, the heritage line
Šargan Eightis used as a train designed from another century for passengers to experience. For long distance destinations like Venice, Munich, Vienna, Thessaloniki, Budapest, Kiev, and Moscow, Inter City class train "Avala" is used.
Transport in Serbia
Belgrade - Bar railway
Transportation in Belgrade
* [http://www.serbianrailways.com/ Serbian Railways]
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