Eristavi

Eristavi

Eristavi ( _ka. ერისთავი; literally, “head of the people”) was a Georgian feudal office, roughly equivalent to the Byzantine "strategos" and normally translated into English as "duke". In the Georgian aristocratic hierarchy, it was the title of the third rank of prince and governor of a large province. Holders of the title were ex-officio commanders of a military 'banner', wore a distinctive dress, ring, belt and spear and rode a particular breed of horse.

Some high-ranking eristavis were also titled as eristavt-eristavi (ერისთავთ-ერისთავი), i.e. "duke of dukes", but it is improbable that the holder of the title had any subordinate eristavis. Erismtavari (ერისმთავარი; literally, "chief of the people") was a similar title chiefly endowed upon the pre-Bagratid rulers of Iberia (Georgia) and later used interchangeably with the "eristav"i.

The title gave origin to the surname of a Georgian noble family, Eristavi, who had once served as eristavis of the Aragvi and Ksani gorges under the kings of Georgia.

Eristavi families

*Abazasdze
*Abuserisdze
*Chorchaneli
*Chosroids
*Dadiani
*Eristavi of Aragvi
*Eristavi of Ksani
*Eristavi of Racha
*Gelovani
*Ghobiari
*Guaramids
*Gurieli
*Jaqeli
*Kakhaberisdze
*Liparitids
*Nersianids
*Panaskerteli
*Shervashidze
*Surameli
*Thornikios
*Vardanisdze


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Eristavi of Guria — Guriis Eristavi (Georgian: გურიის ერისთავი) or Eristavi of Guria, was a Georgian noble family, a branch of the Shervashidze, dynasts in Abkhazia. Their surname derives from the title of eristavi ( duke ) the family held under the suzerainty of… …   Wikipedia

  • Giorgi Eristavi — ( ka. გიორგი ერისთავი) (1813 – September 9 1864) was a Georgian playwright, poet, journalist, and the founder of modern Georgian theatre. Prince Giorgi Eristavi was born in the village of Odzisi (near Dusheti) of a prominent noble family, who had …   Wikipedia

  • Mary, Princess Eristavi — Princess Mary in 1911 Spouse George, Prince Eristavi Full name Mary Prokofis asuli Eristavi Shervashidze Born 1888 Batu …   Wikipedia

  • Anastasia Eristavi-Khoshtaria — ( ka. ანასტასია ერისთავი ხოშტარია) (February 3, 1868 – May 1, 1951) was a Georgian woman novelist. She was born into an aristocratic family in Gori, Georgia, then part of Imperial Russia. Eristavi Khoshtaria began as a teacher in her birth place …   Wikipedia

  • Raphael Eristavi — Prince Raphael Eristavi (რაფიელ ერისთავი; 1824 1901) was a Georgian poet.Eristavi was born in Kakheti, Georgia, in the Russian Empire. He attended a school for the children of the nobility in Tblisi, graduating in 1845. In 1846, he took up a… …   Wikipedia

  • Adarnase, Eristavt Eristavi — (891 896) was the oldest son of Gurgen I (a ruler of Georgia).cite book last = Stephen H. Rapp | title = Studies In Medieval Georgian Histography: Early Texts and Eurasian Contexts | publisher = Peeters Publishers | date = 2003 | location = |… …   Wikipedia

  • Ashot Kukhi, Eristavt Eristavi — (896/908 918), Georgian prince, belonging to the Tao Line of the Iberian Bagratids; the younger son of Gurgen I Mampali. Although Ashot was nicknamed Kukhi meaning the immature , he seems to have been a significant ruler. After the death of his… …   Wikipedia

  • Эристави, Рафаэл Давидович — Эристави Рафаэл Давидович (Арагвис Эристави, Эристов Арагвский) (9 [21] апреля 1824 года, с. Чала, Кахетия …   Википедия

  • List of Georgian princely families — This is the alphabetic list of the upper class noble houses of Georgia. They were entitled as tavadi ( ka. თავადი), roughly translated in English as prince and in Russian as knyaz , a title which was eventually conferred upon most of these… …   Wikipedia

  • Dardan d'Abkhazie — Titre Eristavi d Abkhazie 12?? – 1243 Biographie Dynastie Chervachidzé Date de décès …   Wikipédia en Français


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»