Butetown (or "The Docks") is a district in the south of the
cityof Cardiff, Wales. It was originally a model housing estatebuilt in the early nineteenth century by John Crichton-Stuart, 2nd Marquess of Bute, for whose title the area was named. Commonly known as " Tiger Bay", this area became one of the UK's first multiculturalcommunities with people from over 50 countries settled here by the outbreak of World War I, working in the docks and allied industries. Some of the largest communities included the Somalis, the Yemenis, and Greeks, whose influence still lives on today. The first Mosquein the UK was built in Butetown in the mid 19th century, and a Greek Orthodoxchurch still stands at the top of Bute Street.
In the 1960s, most of the original housing was demolished including the historic Loudoun Square, the original heart of Butetown. In its place was a typical 1960s housing estate of low-rise courts and alleys, and 2 high rise apartment blocks. The development has since become much criticised as both destroying Cardiff's heritage, and in destroying a vibrant community and condemning its mainly Black and Mixed Race population to poor educational and employment prospects.
In the 1980s, the new Atlantic Wharf development was built on the reclaimed West Bute Dock, and has involved the construction of some 1300 new houses. Together with the developments in the Inner Habour and Roath Basin, it was hoped this would spur redevelopment and employment in Butetown, but it seems not to have. The divide between the wealthy
Cardiff Bay, and the poor Tiger Bayseems as wide as ever, although some of the surviving areas of historic Butetown are becoming prime office and retail locations. With the new Century Wharf development to the West on the banks of the Taff, the housing estate is becoming a little 'boxed in', increasing feelings of exclusion. Over the next few decades, the 1960s housing will require renewal and it is hoped that new development will be more suitable of the urban context of the area and will provide a better mix of private and public housing to help fully integrate the community with the rest of the city.
Demographicsreveal that from the United Kingdom Census 2001Census [ [http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=5938970&c=butetown&d=14&e=13&g=421787&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1210354300897&enc=1&dsFamilyId=15 Check Browser Settings ] ]
*Overall Population: 4,487
*White British: 63.12%
*White Irish: 1.27%
*White Other: 3.25%
*Black or Mixed Black and White: 18.81%
*South Asian or Mixed Asian and White: 9.46%
*Chinese or Other (including mixed race): 4.10%
People identifying themselves as Welsh: 8.71%
The area is served by
Cardiff Bay railway stationwith frequent shuttle services to Cardiff Queen Street. Cardiff Busoperates the 11 service to Pengam Green via Central Station, Splottand Tremorfaand the 35 service to Gabalfa via Central Stn and Cathays. It also on the 1/2 Bay Circle route connecting the area with Grangetown, Canton, Fairwater, Llandaff, Gabalfa, Heath, Cathays, Roath, Tremorfa, Splottand the City Centre. Butetown also enjoys the incorporating Cardiff Bay, thus benefiting from its public transport opportunities.
Bute Street and Lloyd George Avenue, running parallel, link the area to the city centre. Also, the A4232 links it to
Culverhouse Crossand the M4 J33 Cardiff West to the west and to Adamsdownin the east.
The electoral ward of Butetown is located in the parliamentary constituency of Cardiff South and Penarth. It is bounded by the wards of Cathays and
Adamsdownto the north; Splott to the northeast; Severn estuary to the southeast; and Grangetown to the west.
On Cardiff Council, the Butetown ward is represented by Cllr Delme Greening (Liberal Democrat).
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