Demographics of Albania


Demographics of Albania
Demographics of Albania, Data of FAO, year 2005; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Albania, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

Contents

Ethnic groups

Regions with a traditional presence of ethnic or linguistic groups other than Albanian.
Ethnic composition of Albania, according to communist data of 1989:
Red - Albanian majority
Green - Greek majority
Yellow - Macedonian majority
Albanian: 95%
Greek: 3%
other: 2% Aromanians (Vlachs), Roma (Gypsy), Serbs, Macedonians,[1]

Vlachs (Aromanians) live in the south of the country,[2] whereas Serbs/Montenegrins live in the north.[3]

As conducting a satisfactory census of ethnic minorities is one of the country's commitments to the European Union, the Albanian government intends to conduct an official census to clarify the ethnic composition of the population in 2012.[4] The last census to include data on ethnic minorities was conducted in 1989 under the communist regime. The latest census conducted in 2001 did not collect information about ethnic groups and nationalities in the population.[5]

Vital statistics [6][7][8]

Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1934 1 010 33 884 14 440 19 444 34.7 16.7 18.0
1935 1 012 32 640 13 373 19 267 33.1 17.0 16.1
1936 1 014 34 199 16 788 17 411 33.7 16.6 17.1
1937 1 030 34 829 20 036 14 793 33.8 19.5 14.3
1938 1 048 36 138 18 512 17 626 34.3 17.7 16.6
1939 1 070 29 597 16 013 13 584 27.9 15.0 12.9
1940 1 088 33 651 17 812 15 839 31.3 16.4 14.9
1941 1 100 30 627 18 234 12 393 28.0 16.6 11.4
1942 1 117 36 683 15 899 20 784 32.8 14.2 18.6
1948 1 164 42 141 18 883 23 258 36.2 16.2 20.0
1949 1 183 46 196 14 970 31 226 39.0 12.7 26.4
1950 1 215 47 291 17 215 30 076 38.9 14.2 24.8
1951 1 242 47 813 18 862 28 951 38.5 15.2 23.3
1952 1 270 44 727 19 826 24 901 35.2 15.6 19.6
1953 1 302 53 273 17 822 35 451 40.9 13.7 27.2
1954 1 340 54 635 17 560 37 075 40.8 13.1 27.7
1955 1 379 61 300 20 750 40 550 44.5 15.0 29.4
1956 1 421 59 565 16 370 43 195 41.9 11.5 30.4
1957 1 462 57 241 17 241 40 000 39.2 11.8 27.4
1958 1 507 63 007 14 059 48 948 41.8 9.3 32.5
1959 1 556 65 213 15 305 49 908 41.9 9.8 32.1
1960 1 607 69 686 16 775 52 911 43.4 10.4 32.9
1961 1 660 68 452 15 445 53 007 41.2 9.3 31.9
1962 1 711 67 209 18 363 48 846 39.3 10.7 28.5
1963 1 763 68 967 17 646 51 321 39.1 10.0 29.1
1964 1 814 68 599 15 811 52 788 37.8 8.7 29.1
1965 1 864 65 692 16 731 48 961 35.2 9.0 26.3
1966 1 914 65 127 16 469 48 658 34.0 8.6 25.4
1967 1 965 69 261 16 565 52 696 35.2 8.4 26.8
1968 2 019 71 869 16 214 55 655 35.6 8.0 27.6
1969 2 080 73 458 15 624 57 834 35.3 7.5 27.8
1970 2 136 69 507 19 774 49 733 32.5 9.3 23.3
1971 2 188 72 784 17 768 55 016 33.3 8.1 25.1
1972 2 239 73 607 17 616 55 991 33.3 7.9 25.4
1973 2 292 69 754 18 032 51 722 30.4 7.9 22.5
1974 2 346 71 862 17 726 54 136 30.2 7.6 22.6
1975 2 401 70 688 17 399 53 289 29.6 7.3 22.3
1976 2 454 70 510 17 029 53 481 29.0 6.9 22.1
1977 2 508 73 439 16 638 56 801 28.4 6.6 21.8
1978 2 563 70 594 16 219 54 375 27.5 6.3 21.2
1979 2 617 72 055 17 421 54 634 27.5 6.7 20.9
1980 2 671 70 680 16 981 53 699 26.5 6.4 20.1
1981 2 724 72 180 18 001 54 179 26.5 6.6 19.9
1982 2 780 77 232 16 521 60 711 27.8 5.9 21.8
1983 2 838 73 762 17 416 56 346 26.0 6.1 19.9
1984 2 897 79 177 16 618 62 559 27.3 5.7 21.6
1985 2 957 77 535 17 179 60 356 26.2 5.8 20.4
1986 3 016 76 435 17 369 59 066 25.3 5.8 19.6
1987 3 076 79 696 17 119 62 577 25.9 5.6 20.3
1988 3 138 80 241 17 027 63 214 25.6 5.4 20.1
1989 3 199 78 862 18 168 60 694 24.7 5.7 19.0
1990 3 245 82 125 18 193 63 932 25.2 5.6 19.6
1991 3 225 77 361 17 743 59 618 24.0 5.5 18.5
1992 3 179 75 425 18 026 57 399 23.7 5.7 18.1
1993 3 208 67 730 17 920 49 810 21.1 5.6 15.5
1994 3 035 72 179 18 342 53 837 23.8 6.0 17.7
1995 3 030 72 081 18 060 54 021 23.8 6.0 17.8
1996 3 076 68 354 17 600 50 754 22.2 5.7 16.5
1997 3 075 61 739 18 237 43 502 20.1 5.9 14.1
1998 3 055 60 139 18 250 41 889 19.7 6.0 13.7
1999 3 054 57 948 16 720 41 228 19.0 5.5 13.5
2000 3 061 50 077 16 421 33 656 16.4 5.4 11.0
2001 3 074 54 283 15 813 38 470 17.7 5.1 12.5
2002 3 094 45 515 16 248 29 267 14.7 5.3 9.5
2003 3 112 47 012 17 967 29 045 15.1 5.8 9.3
2004 3 128 43 022 17 749 25 273 13.8 5.7 8.1
2005 3 142 39 612 17 427 22 185 12.6 5.5 7.1
2006 3 151 34 229 16 935 17 294 10.9 5.4 5.5
2007 3 161 33 163 14 528 18 635 10.5 4.6 5.9
2008 3 182 36 251 16 143 20 108 11.4 5.1 6.3
2009 3 194 29 189 15 662 13 527 9.1 4.9 4.2
2010

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.[9]

Population

3,170,048(January 1, 2008)[10]

Urban population: 47% of total population (2008 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 23.1% (male 440,528/female 400,816)
15-64 years: 67.1% (male 1,251,001/female 1,190,841)
65 years and older: 9.8% (male 165,557/female 190,710) (2009 est.)

Median age

Total: 29.9 years
Male: 29.3 years
Female: 30.6 years (2009 est.)

Sex ratio

At birth: 1.1 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.5 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
65 years and older: 0.87 male(s)/female
Total population: 1.04 male(s)/female (2009 est.)

Infant mortality rate

Total: 18.6 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 19.05 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 18.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2009 est.)

Life expectancy at birth

Total population: 77.96 years
Male: 75.28 years
Female: 80.89 years (2009 est.)

Total fertility rate

1.48 children born/woman (2011 est.)

Nationality

Noun: Albanian(s)
Adjective: Albanian

Religion

79.9% Muslim, 20.0% Christian

Language

Albanian (official – generally based on Tosk dialect and enriched with Gheg lexicon), Greek, Aromanian, Macedonian, and Romani.

Literacy

Definition: age 9 and older can read and write
Total population: 98.7%
Male: 99.2%
Female: 98.3% (2001 census)

Results of the 2001 census

The latest population census in Albania was conducted in April 2001.[11]

Resident population

3,069,275
Urban population: 42% of total population
Number of households: 726,895

Age structure

Under 6 years: 10.8%
65 years and older: 7.5%

Sex ratio

Males: 49.9% of total population
Females: 50.1% of total population

Education

Percent of population aged 6 and older (2,737,614)

Uncompleted primary: 14.8%
Primary: 18.6%
Junior secondary: 38.4%
Senior secondary: 21.7%
Higher education: 2.9%
Illiterate: 3.6%

See also

References

  1. ^ CIA.gov
  2. ^ Farsarotul.org
  3. ^ The Albanian Census of 1918
  4. ^ Watsoninstitute.org
  5. ^ Individual questionnaire used in the 2001 population census in Albania. Retrieved on 19 June 2009
  6. ^ B.R. Mitchell. European historical statistics, 1750-1975.
  7. ^ United nations. Demographic Yearbook 1948
  8. ^ Institute of Statistics of Albania
  9. ^ Albania: People, CIA World Factbook, 2009. Retrieved on 19 June 2009
  10. ^ Instat.gov.al
  11. ^ Albania: 2001 population census, official web site. Retrieved on 19 June 2009

External links


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