- Foreign relations of Austria
1955 Austrian State Treatyended the four-power occupation and recognized Austriaas an independent and sovereign state. In October 1955, the Federal Assembly passed a constitutional law in which "Austria declares of her own free willher perpetual neutrality." The second section of this law stated that "in all future times Austria will not join any military alliances and will not permit the establishment of any foreign military bases on her territory." Since then, Austria shaped its foreign policy on the basis of neutrality.
In recent years, however, Austria began to reassess its definition of neutrality, granting overflight rights for the UN-sanctioned action against
Iraqin 1991, and, since 1995, contemplating participation in the EU's evolving security structure. Also in 1995, it joined the Partnership for Peace, and subsequently participated in peacekeeping missions in Bosnia. Discussion of possible Austrian NATOmembership intensified during 1996. ÖVPand FPÖaim at moving closer to NATO or a European defense arrangement. The SPÖ, in turn, believes continued neutrality is the cornerstone of Austria's foreign policy, and a majority of the population generally supports this stance.
Austrian leaders emphasize the unique role the country plays as East-West hub and as a moderator between industrialized and developing countries. Austria is active in the United Nations and experienced in UN peacekeeping efforts. It attaches great importance to participation in the
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Developmentand other international economic organizations, and it has played an active role in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe(OSCE).
Vienna hosts the Secretariat of the OSCE and the headquarters of the
International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, and the United Nations Drug Control Programme. Other international organizations based in Vienna include the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countriesand the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Recently, Vienna added the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Organizationand the Wassenaar Arrangement(a technology-transfer control agency) to the list of international organizations it hosts.
Austria traditionally has been active in "bridge-building to the east," increasing contacts at all levels with
Eastern Europeand the states of the former Soviet Union. Austrians maintain a constant exchange of business representatives, political leaders, students, cultural groups, and tourists with the countries of central and eastern Europe. Austrian companies are active in investing and trading with the countries of central and eastern Europe. In addition, the Austrian Government and various Austrian organizations provide assistance and training to support the changes underway in the region.
Disputes - international: Minor disputes with the
Czech Republicover the Temelin Nuclear Power Plant.
Illicit drugs: point for
Southwest Asian heroinand South American cocainedestined for Western Europe
Diplomatic missions of Austria
List of diplomatic missions in Austria
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