Patiala and East Punjab States Union

Patiala and East Punjab States Union

The Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a state of India from 1948-56. It was created by combining eight princely states: Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Kalsia, Malerkotla and Nalagarh. The state was inaugurated on July 15, 1948 and formally became a state of India in 1950.[1] The capital and principal city was Patiala. The state covered an area of 26,208 km². Shimla, Kasauli, Kandaghat, Dharampur and Chail also became part of the PEPSU.



When the state was formed, the then Maharaja of Patiala, His Highness Maharajadhiraj Yadavindra Singh was appointed its Rajpramukh[1] (equivalent to Governor). He remained in office during the entire length of the state's short existence. The then Maharaja of Kapurthala, His Highness Jagatjit Singh of Kapurthla served as Uparajpramukh. Gian Singh Rarewala was sworn in on 13 January 1949 as the first Chief Minister of PEPSU. Col. Raghbir Singh became the next Chief Minister on 23 May 1951, and Brish Bhan the Deputy Chief Minister. The state elected a 60-member state legislative assembly on January 6, 1952. The Congress Party won 26 seats and the Akali Dal won 19 seats. On 22 April 1952, Gian Singh Rarewala again became Chief Minister, this time an elected one. He led a coalition government, called the "United Front," formed by the Akali Dal and various independents. On 5 March 1953 his government was dismissed and President's rule was imposed on the state.[2] In the mid-term poll that followed, the Congress party secured a majority and Raghbir Singh became Chief Minister on 8 March 1954. Upon his death, Brish Bhan became the Chief Minister on 12 January 1955 and remained in office until 1 November 1956, when PEPSU was merged into Punjab State.

A part of the former state of PEPSU, including the south-eastern portion around Jind and the Narnaul enclave, presently lie within the state of Haryana, which was separated from Punjab on 1 November 1966. Some other areas that belonged to PEPSU, notably Solan and Nalagarh, now lie in the state of Himachal Pradesh.


Initially, in 1948, the state was divided into the following eight districts:

  1. Patiala district
  2. Barnala district
  3. Bhatinda district
  4. Fatehgarh district
  5. Sangrur district
  6. Kapurthala district
  7. Mohindergarh district
  8. Kohistan district

In 1953, the number of districts was reduced from eight to five. Barnala district became part of Sangrur district and Kohistan and Fatehgarh districts became part of Patiala district.[3]

There were four Lok Sabha constituencies in this state. Three of them were single-seat constituency: Mohindergarh, Sangrur and Patiala. The Kapurthala-Bhatinda Lok Sabha constituency was a double-seat constituency.


The state had a population of 3,493,685 (1951 census), of which 19% was urban. The population density was 133/km².


Further reading

  1. Singh, Gursharan (1991). History of PEPSU: Patiala and East Punjab States Union, 1948-1956, Delhi: Konark Publishers, ISBN 8122002447.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patiala and East Punjab States Union — Die Staaten der PEPSU Die Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) war ein Staat Indiens, der am 15. Juli 1948 durch den Zusammenschluss von 8 Fürstenstaaten des Punjab entstand und 1950 ein Staat der Indischen Union wurde. Die meisten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Punjab and Haryana High Court — Established 1947 (1919) Jurisdiction Punjab, Haryana and Chandigarh Location Chandigarh Composition method Presidential with confirmation of Chief Justice of India and Gove …   Wikipedia

  • Patiala (Stadt) — Patiala ist eine Stadt des nordwestindischen Bundesstaat Punjab mit etwa 300.000 Einwohnern. Es war bis 1956 Hauptstadt des Fürstenstaats Patiala und 1948–56 der Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU). Weblinks Offizielle Internetseite… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patiala — Patiala …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Punjab — or Panjab, derived from the medieval Persian language meaning the land of five ( Panj ) rivers ( aab ), may refer to: Geographical regions* Punjab region, an area of South Asia spanning from eastern Pakistan to north western India ** Punjab… …   Wikipedia

  • Patiâla — Patiala Ex principauté de Patiala Fondateur Ala Singh Fondée en …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Punjab — /pun jahb , pun jahb/, n. 1. a former province in NW British India: now divided between India and Pakistan. 2. a state in NW India. 15,230,000; 47,456 sq. mi. (122,911 sq. km). Cap.: Chandigarh. 3. a province in NE Pakistan. 37,374,000; 79,284 sq …   Universalium

  • Punjab (India) — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction type = state state name = Punjab native name = Punjab other name = ਪੰਜਾਬ capital = Chandigarh latd = 30.73 longd = 76.78 largest city = Ludhiana abbreviation = IN PB official languages = Punjabi legislature type = The… …   Wikipedia

  • Patiala — Infobox Indian Jurisdiction native name = Patiala | type = city | latd = 30.33 | longd = 76.4 locator position = right | state name = Punjab district = Patiala altitude = 250 population as of = 2001 population total = 302,870| population density …   Wikipedia

  • States Reorganisation Act — The States Reorganization Act of 1956 was a major reform of the boundaries and governance of India s states and territories. The act reorganized the boundaries of India s states along linguistic lines, and amended the Indian Constitution to… …   Wikipedia