- Secretary of State (Canada)
From 1993 to 2003 and again since 2007, the title of Secretary of State has been given to officials in the
Government of Canada. Secretaries of State are members of the Ministryand the Queen's Privy Council for Canada, and are legally Ministers of State styled as secretaries. Just as ministers of state, they are assigned to assist Cabinet ministers, but unlike ministers of state are not themselves members of Cabinet.
For instance, the Secretary of State (Training and Youth) would assist the Minister for Human Resources and Development.
This usage is opposite to that in the
United Kingdom, where junior Ministers generally report to more senior Secretaries of State.
These positions were first used by
Jean Chrétienas a way to decrease the size of the cabinet without substantially decreasing the size of the ministry. When Paul Martinbecame Prime Minister in 2003, this usage ended, and he instead appointed Ministers of State and increased the powers of Parliamentary Secretaries to act in junior policy positions.
However, Martin's successor
Stephen Harperresumed the use of secretaries of state in a cabinet shuffleon January 4 2007.
This generic usage should not be confused with the former cabinet positions of
Secretary of State for Canada(1867-1996) and Secretary of State for External Affairs (1909-1995).
Current secretaries of state
Helena Guergis, Secretary of State (Foreign Affairs and International Trade) (Sport)
Jay Hill, Secretary of State and Chief Government Whip
Jason Kenney, Secretary of State (Multiculturalism and Canadian Identity)
Marjory LeBreton, Secretary of State (Seniors). She is also the Leader of the Government in the Senate.
Christian Paradis, Secretary of State (Agriculture) and Minister of Public Works and Government Services
Diane Ablonczy, Secretary of State (Small Business and Tourism)
*James Moore Secretary of State (Asia-Pacific Gateway) (2010 Winter Olympics) (Official Languages)
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