Climate of Greece


Climate of Greece
Satellite image showing the locations of some of the 2009 Greek forest fires.

The climate in Greece is predominantly Mediterranean. However, due to the country's unique geography, Greece has a remarkable range of micro-climates and local variations. To the west of the Pindus mountain range, the climate is generally wetter and has some maritime features. The east of the Pindus mountain range is generally drier and windier in summer. The highest peak is Mount Olympus at 9,570 feet (2,916.9 m) tall.

Contents

Categories

The climate of Greece can be divided into the following mediterranean climate subtypes:

Dry Mediterranean

This climate occurs in the Aegean Islands, especially the Cyclades and the Dodecanese, southern and parts of central Evia, low-lying areas of Attica, the eastern and south Peloponnesus, and the low-lying areas of Crete. During the summer, the weather is almost always sunny and dry, and any precipitation falls in the form of showers or thunderstorms from cumuliform clouds. The air is usually hot during the day and pleasantly warm at night. Heatwaves can occur, but they are usually quite mild at the coastal areas, where the Etesian winds blow throughout the summer. Winters are wet and any snow that falls does not last too long, especially in the south-facing slopes. Rain in winter is often persistent and can cause flooding.

Alpine Mediterranean

In this climate, the winter is harsh with abundant snowfalls, while the summers are cool with frequent thunderstorms. This climate is to be found on high mountains, like Pindus and Rhodope. Few meteorological stations are in areas with a truly Alpine Mediterranean climate in Greece and these are not available online.

Continental Mediterranean

This climate is wetter than the dry mediterranean and has cooler winters and not so hot summers. It occurs in most of Macedonia and Thrace.

Temperature

  • Abs. minimum temperature: −27.8 °C (−18.0 °F), Ptolemaida.
  • Abs. maximum temperature: 48.0 °C (118.4 °F), Elefsina and Tatoi.

Τhe +48.0 °C (118.40 °F) recorded by minimum/maximum thermomethers in Tatoi and Elefsina as reported by a communication of Dr. Athanasios D. Sarantopoulos is also the WMO record high temperature for Greece and Europe.[1] Average annual temperature in Greece ranges from +10 to +19.7 °C (50 to 67 °F). However, since Greece is generally a mountainous country, real average temperatures vary considerably from region to region.

Local winds

Etesians

Probably the most well known local winds in Greece are the etesians. With their name notating their annual fluctuation (έτος (étos) means year in Greek), these winds blow roughly from May to October, with their highest frequency being recorded in July and August. They keep temperatures and diurnal temperature fluctuations in the Aegean sea lower than the respective ones found in the Ionian sea or mainland Greece.

References

  1. ^ "Europe's highest temperature". http://wmo.asu.edu/europe-highest-temperature. Retrieved 3 April 2009. 

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ministry of the Environment, Energy and Climate Change (Greece) — The Minister for the Environment, Energy and Climate Change (Greek: Υπουργός Περιβάλλοντος, Ενέργειας και Κλιματικής Αλλαγής) is a government minister of Greece responsible for the running of the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change …   Wikipedia

  • Greece — /grees/, n. 1. Ancient Greek, Hellas. Modern Greek, Ellas. a republic in S Europe at the S end of the Balkan Peninsula. 10,583,126; 50,147 sq. mi. (129,880 sq. km). Cap.: Athens. 2. a city in W New York. 16,177. * * * Greece Introduction Greece… …   Universalium

  • Climate of Spain — Climate of the Iberian Peninsula according to the Köppen Climate Classification. Spanish State Meteorological Agency Agencia Estatal de Meteorología and Portuguese Meteorological Institute Instituto de Meteorologia.[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Greece-New Zealand relations — are foreign relations between Greece and New Zealand. Stemming from World War II, New Zealand forces fought alongside the Greeks in continental Greece and Crete since then, Greece has claimed a special relationship with New Zealand. An under… …   Wikipedia

  • Climate Change TV — Climate Change.TV Climate Change.TV [1] was the world’s first web channel specific to climate change videos. It contains interviews from heads of state, government negotiators and observers with a range of views on the climate change negotiations …   Wikipedia

  • Climate of east England — Climate charts East Anglia regional average[1] Climate chart (explanation) J F M …   Wikipedia

  • Climate of Europe — Biomes of Europe and surrounding regions:      tundra      alpine tundra      taiga …   Wikipedia

  • Greece — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Greece <p></p> Background: <p></p> Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the… …   The World Factbook

  • Climate — For other uses, see Climate (disambiguation). Worldwide Climate Classifications Climate encompasses the statistics of temperature …   Wikipedia

  • Greece, history of — ▪ Byzantine to modern Introduction       history of the area from the Byzantine (Byzantine Empire) period, beginning about AD 300, to the present. For earlier periods, see Aegean civilizations; ancient Greek civilization; and Hellenistic Age.… …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.