- Randolph Air Force Base
Infobox Military Structure
name=Randolph Air Force Base
partof=Air Education and Training Command (AETC)
location=near San Antonio, Texas
caption=Airphoto of Randolph AFB
Location of Randolph Air Force Base
type=Air Force base
controlledby=U.S. Air Force
garrison=Air Education and Training Command
12th Flying Training Wing
Randolph Air Force Base (Randolph AFB) is a base of the
United States Air Forcelocated in Universal City, Texas, near San Antonio. Randolph AFB was dedicated in June 20, 1930, as a flying training base and continues in that mission today. It serves as headquarters of the Air Education and Training Command(AETC) and is known as "the Showplace of the Air Force" because of the Spanish Colonial Revival Style architecturein which all structures including hangars were constructed. The symbol of the base is a large water tower atop Building 100, housing the 12th Flying Training Wing(12 FTW) headquarters, known throughout the Air Force as "the Taj Mahal" or simply "The Taj". An AETC unit, the 12 FTW is the host wing for Randolph.
Randolph AFB operates parallel runways on either side of its main installation facilities and conducts 24-hour-a-day flight training operations.
Tenant units of Randolph AFB also include the Air Force Personnel Center (AFPC), Air Force Manpower Agency, Air Force Office of Special Investigations Field Investigations Region 4 and the Air Force Recruiting Service.
The idea for Randolph began soon after passage in the
United States Congressof the Air Corps Act of 1926, which changed the name of the Army Air Service to the Army Air Corps, created two new brigadier generalpositions and provided a five-year expansion program for the under-strength Air Corps. One of the new general officer positions was given to Frank P. Lahm, who was placed in charge of all flying training.
General Lahm established the Air Corps Training Center and set up its headquarters at Duncan Field, next to Kelly Field,
Texas. He soon learned that the facilities at Kelly and Brooks Fields were not sufficient for proper training. The buildings, erected during World War Iwith a life expectancy of five years, had no suitable areas for ground training, and the living quarters were inadequate. San Antonio's rapid growth was also beginning to interfere with flying training operations. The Air Corps soon decided that an additional training field was needed, and a site north of San Antoniowas chosen for the new field.
In 1926 and 1927, 1st Lt Harold Clark designed Randolph while assigned as dispatch officer in the Kelly Field motor pool, although the War Department received the land in 1928. Having trained as an architect prior to entering the military, Lieutenant Clark sketched his ideas of a perfect "Air City" on the back of old dispatch sheets. After learning a new field was to be built, Lieutenant Clark took his drawings to General Lahm, who was so impressed with the designs he appointed him to be the architect in charge of the Randolph Field project. It was, at the time, the largest construction project undertaken by the
U.S. Army Corps of Engineerssince the Panama Canal.
Once the site for the field was selected, a committee decided to name the base after Captain William Millican Randolph, a native of Austin and graduate of Texas A&M, who was killed on
February 17, 1928, in the crash of an AT-4 on takeoff from Gorman Field, Texas. Ironically, Captain Randolph was serving on the committee to select a name for the new field at the time of his death. Captain Randolph is buried at Fort Sam HoustonNational Cemetery.
Randolph Field was dedicated
June 20, 1930, with an estimated 15,000 people in attendance and a fly-by of 233 planes, possibly the largest assembly of military aircraft in the world.Fact|date=March 2007 Early in 1931, the School of Aviation Medicine from Brooks Field and the first cadets from the Air Corps Flying School at Duncan Field, then a part of Kelly AFB, began relocating to Randolph. By the autumn of 1931, Randolph was ready for business. On October 1, the Air Corps Training Center moved its headquarters from Duncan Field to Randolph. The flying school at Brooks Field transferred to Randolph on October 20, while the school at March Field transferred on October 25. The School of Aviation Medicine also transferred from Brooks Field during 1931.
The Air Corps Act of 1926 mandated that rated pilots comprise 90% of all commissioned officers of the Air Corps. Because of this requirement, nearly all officers of the Air Corps underwent Randolph's rigorous pilot training program and, in combination with the architectural beauty of the base, resulted in the unofficial nickname "
West Pointof the Air" applied to Randolph Field. A 1935 Hollywood film, " West Point of the Air", was filmed on location at Randolph.
Basic flying training continued until March 1943, when the central instructors school took over. For the next two years, training instructors for the Air Corps' ground training and primary, basic and advanced flying training was the main mission. Randolph produced 15,396 instructor graduates from this course before it moved to
WacoField in 1945. When the central instructors school moved to Waco Field it was replaced by the Army Air Force pilot school, which specialized in transition training for B-29bomber pilots, copilots and engineers. Primary pilot training returned to Randolph from Goodfellow Field in December 1945.
Like many military installations during
World War II, Randolph fielded an intercollegiate football team, nicknamed the Ramblers. In 1943, under Coach Frank Tritico, the team achieved a 9-1-0 record, and was tapped to play in the January 1 1944Cotton Bowl, where they battled the University of Texas at Austinto a 7-7 tie. [http://www.attcottonbowl.com/mediaguide/2006/14-25.pdf] In the 1944 season, with such players as former All-American and National Football LeagueRookie of the Year Bill Dudley, as well as eight other former NFL players [http://www.aafla.org/SportsLibrary/CFHSN/CFHSNv05/CFHSNv05n1h.pdf] , the team went undefeated and untied in 11 games, and was voted #3 in the nation by the Associated Presspoll.
The Army Air Force also planned to return basic pilot training to Randolph on
February 1, 1946. Even though basic training transferred from Goodfellow Field in February 1946, the Army Air Force suspended all pilot training when it found itself desperately short of maintenance personnel. After the Air Force became a separate service ( September 18, 1947) Randolph Field was officially renamed Randolph Air Force Base on January 13, 1948.
When the suspension was lifted in March 1948 and Randolph resumed its pilot training mission, the Air Force reshaped pilot training into two separate four-month phases. Primary pilot training moved on in December 1950. Basic pilot training changed over to nine new contract schools in July 1951.
Randolph became the Air Force's Instructor Pilot (IP) training base and had that as its primary mission until requirements for new pilots during the
Vietnam Warrevived its basic training function.
From 1967-1971 1,269 pilots earned their wings at Randolph. Also, Randolph produced pilots in two unique classes. During
World War II, Class 42-X gave 235 pilots their wings in an experimental course. Class 62-FZ produced 25 pilots who completed their training in the new T-38A, then undergoing test and evaluation.
Before the current
12th Flying Training Wing, the 3510th Flying Training Wing was the host unit at Randolph. The 3510 FTW started out as the 3510th Basic Pilot Training Wing on August 28, 1948. This unit became the 3510th Combat Crew Training Wing on January 1, 1952and then the 3510 FTW on June 11, 1952. The 12th Flying Training Wing (12 FTW) replaced the 3510 FTW on May 1, 1972.
Today, the 12 FTW provides instructor pilot training and refresher/recurrency training in the
T-6ATexan II, T-38C Talon and T-1AJayhawk. The wing also operates the T-1A and the T-43A in support of Specialized Undergraduate Navigator Training (SUNT), a mission it assumed following the BRACclosure of Mather AFB, California and inactivation of the 323d Flying Training Wing. SUNT trains prospective USAF Navigators/ Combat Systems Officers destined for the B-52 Stratofortress, E-3 Sentry, E-8 Joint STARS, RC-135, non-PACER CRAG KC-135 Stratotanker, and various models of the C-130 Hercules(i.e., C-130, AC-130, EC-130, HC-130, MC-130, etc.), as well as prospective Naval Flight Officers enroute to fly land-based U.S. Navy P-3COrion, EP-3Aries and E-6 Mercuryaircraft. The 12 FTW also provides training to numerous NATO/Allied officer students via SUNT, as well as supporting Marine Corpsand Coast Guardenlisted navigator training via the Marine Aerial Navigation School (MANS). Advanced Electronic Warfare Officer (EWO) training is also conducted by the 12 FTW for those navigators/CSOs destined for eventual assignment as USAF EWOs.
Randolph Field Historic District, located at the center of Randolph Air Force Base, is a
National Historic Landmark. The district consists of 397 buildings and other features, most of which were built between 1929 and 1932, in an area of approximately 405 acres (1.6 km²). The historical society makes it very difficult for the base to plan improvements, constructions, and renovations.
Randolph has completed major renovations on the Base Commissary as well as completely re-paving Harmon Drive, the main entrance to the base leading to "The Taj". Plans include the building of a brand new Base Exchange which is managed by the
Army and Air Force Exchange Service(AAFES).
Texas World War II Army Airfields
Air Training Command
* [http://www.randolph.af.mil Randolph AFB Home Page] - official site.
* [http://texashistory.unt.edu/search/?q=randolph+air+force+base&t=dc.subject View Historic photos of Randolph Field from the 1930s] hosted by the [http://texashistory.unt.edu/ Portal to Texas History]
* [http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/facility/randolph.htm GlobalSecurity.org: Randolph AFB]
* [http://www.nps.gov/history/nr/travel/aviation/ Aviation: From Sand Dunes to Sonic Booms, a National Park Service "Discover Our Shared Heritage" Travel Itinerary]
* [http://www.cr.nps.gov/nhl/designations/samples/tx/randolph.pdf National Historic Landmark Nomination form]
* [http://www.nps.gov/pub_aff/nhlpdf/nhl_tx.pdf Official press release of NHL designation]
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