Ununennium


Ununennium

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Ununennium (pronEng|ˌjuːnəˈnɛniəm or IPA|/ˌʌnəˈnɛniəm/), or eka-francium, is the temporary name of an undiscovered chemical element in the periodic table that has the temporary symbol Uue and has the atomic number 119.

Like other alkali metals, it would most likely be extremely reactive with water.

Element 119 would be the first element in the eighth period of the periodic table and the eighth member of the Alkali metals.

History

The synthesis of element 119 was attempted in 1985 by bombarding a target of einsteinium-254 with calcium-48 ions at the superHILAC accelerator at Berkeley, California. No atoms were identified, leading to a limiting yield of 300 nb. [cite journal
title = Search for superheavy elements using 48Ca + 254Esg reaction
author = R. W. Lougheed, J. H. Landrum, E. K. Hulet, J. F. Wild, R. J. Dougan, A. D. Dougan, H. Gäggeler, M. Schädel, K. J. Moody, K. E. Gregorich, and G. T. Seaborg
journal = Physical Reviews C
year = 1985
pages = 1760–1763
url = http://link.aps.org/abstract/PRC/v32/p1760
doi = 10.1103/PhysRevC.32.1760 | volume = 32
]

:,^{254}_{99}mathrm{Es} + ,^{48}_{20}mathrm{Ca} o ,^{302}_{119}mathrm{Uue} ^{*} o no atoms

It is highly unlikely that this reaction will be useful given the extremely difficult task of makingsufficient amounts of Es-254 to make a large enough target to increase the sensitivity of the experiment to the required level, due to the rarity of the element, and extreme rarity of the isotope.

The alpha-decay half-lives of 1700 nuclei with 100 ≤ Z ≤ 130 have been calculated in a quantum tunneling model with alpha-decay Q-values from different mass estimates. citejournal| journal=Nucl. Phys. A|volume=789|pages=142–154|year=2007| title=Predictions of alpha decay half lives of heavy and superheavy elements|author=C. Samanta, P. Roy Chowdhury and D.N. Basu|url=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6TVB-4NF4F0Y-2&_user=2806701&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000058844&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=2806701&md5=3f680654b5659191d67f31681a4cfc83| doi=10.1016/j.nuclphysa.2007.04.001] [citejournal|journal=Phys. Rev. C|volume=77|pages=044603|year=2008|title=Search for long lived heaviest nuclei beyond the valley of stability|author=P. Roy Chowdhury, C. Samanta, and D. N. Basu|url=http://scitation.aip.org/getabs/servlet/GetabsServlet?prog=normal&id=PRVCAN000077000004044603000001&idtype=cvips&gifs=yes|doi=10.1103/PhysRevC.77.044603] [citejournal|journal=At. Data & Nucl. Data Tables|year=2008|title=Nuclear half-lives for α -radioactivity of elements with 100 ≤ Z ≤ 130 |author=P. Roy Chowdhury, C. Samanta, and D. N. Basu|url=http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B6WBB-4S26JRX-1&_user=2806701&_coverDate=03%2F14%2F2008&_alid=740505626&_rdoc=6&_fmt=high&_orig=search&_cdi=6706&_sort=d&_docanchor=&view=c&_ct=211&_acct=C000058844&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=2806701&md5=dc85a3a8a2ac1faa38c3804f16f86c13] The alpha-decay half-lives predicted for 291-307119 are of the order of micro-seconds. The highest value of the alpha-decay half-life predicted in the quantum tunneling model with the mass estimates from a macroscopic-microscopic model is ~485 micro-seconds for the isotope 294119. For 302119 it is ~163 micro-seconds.

Notes

ee also

*ununoctium — unbinilium


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ununennium — Ununoctium ← Ununennium → Unbinilium Fr …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ununennium — Eigenschaften …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ununennium — noun The systematic element name for the (as yet undiscovered) chemical element with an atomic number of 119 (symbol Uue). Syn: eka francium …   Wiktionary

  • Uue — Ununennium Ununennium Ununo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alkali metal — Group → 1 ↓ Period 2 3 Li 3 …   Wikipedia

  • Eka-Francium — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt ist nicht hinreichend mit Belegen (Literatur, Webseiten oder Einzelnachweisen) versehen. Die fraglichen Angaben werden daher möglicherweise demnächst gelöscht. Hilf Wikipedia, indem du die Angaben recherchierst und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ununoctium — ununseptium ← ununoctium → ununennium Rn ↑ Uuo ↓ (Uho) …   Wikipedia

  • Unbinilium — | |Unbinilium (pronEng|ˌʌnbɪˈnɪliəm), also called eka radium, is the temporary, systematic element name of an undiscovered chemical element in the periodic table that has the temporary symbol Ubn and has the atomic number 120. History In March… …   Wikipedia

  • UUE — may refer to:* Uuencode * Ununennium, an unsynthesized chemical element with atomic number 119 …   Wikipedia

  • Dubnadium — Eigenschaften …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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