Anti-Slavism, also known as Slavophobia, a form of
racismor xenophobia, refers to various negative attitudes towards Slavic peoples, most common manifestation being claims of inferiority of Slavic nations with respect to other ethnic groups, it should be noted that "Slavs" are not a race itself.
Manifestations of anti-Slavism traced back at least to
Middle Ages. Tensions between Roman Catholic Churchand Eastern Orthodoxy, the dominant religion of the vast majority of Slavic population, propagated the Slavic barbarianism stereotype.
Anti-Slavism was notable in
Nazi Germanythroughout World War II, parallel with the Anti-Semitism. It was directed against the people of Slavic origin.
In his book,
Mein Kampf, Hitlerrefers to the Slavic peoples of Russiaas "inferior Soviet masses", using the word 'Slav' as 'slave'. He thought that the peoples of this origin should 'remain' the slaves that they were throughout the centuries. This was likely a reference to the Ottoman Empire, Austro-Hungary, where the Slavswere not empowered and rather exploited instead.
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