Tricholomopsis rutilans


Tricholomopsis rutilans

Taxobox
name = Plums and Custard


image_width = 250px
image_caption = "T. rutilans"
Pine woods, Galicia - [http://www.flickr.com/people/bryonia/ Alberto Vázquez]
regnum = Fungi
divisio = Basidiomycota
classis = Agaricomycetes
ordo = Agaricales
familia = "Tricholomataceae"
genus = "Tricholomopsis"
species = "T. rutilans"
binomial = "Tricholomopsis rutilans"
binomial_authority = (Schaeff. : Fr.) Sing.

"Tricholomopsis rutilans", known by the unusual but apt common name of Plums and Custard or, less commonly Red-haired agaric, is a species of gilled mushroom found across Europe and North America.

Description

A striking and easily recognised fungus, Plums and Custard takes its common name from its plum-red scaled cap and crowded custard yellow gills. The flesh is cream-coloured and spore print creamy white. The base colour of the cap under the scales is yellow. The cap is convex and 4–10 cm (1.5–4 in) across. The stipe (stem) is cylindrical and up to 10 cm (4 in) tall with a red scaly base developing to a yellow colour towards the cap. It has no ring or volva.

Distribution and habitat

"Tricholomopsis rutilans" can be found growing on tree stumps and logs (especially those of spruce) in coniferous woodlands throughout the northern hemisphere, in places as diverse as Ireland, Bulgaria and Ukraine, in late summer and autumn (June until November). It has also been found, probably accidentally introduced, in Australia and Costa Rica on introduced pine trees. A related species "Tricholomopsis decora" is also found in conifer woods but is golden in colour, much less common and found at higher altitudes.

Edibility

mycomorphbox
name = Tricholomopsis rutilans
hymeniumType=gills
capShape = convex
whichGills = adnate
stipeCharacter=bare
sporePrintColor=cream
ecologicalType=saprotrophic
howEdible=inedible
Many older texts list "T. rutilans" as apparently able to be eaten after boiling, though not recommended. A couple of more recent books list it as inedible.

References

*cite book | author = Breitenbach J & Kränzlin F | year = 1991 | title = Fungi of Switzerland 3: Boletes & Agarics, 1st Part | id = ISBN 978-3-85604-230-1
* Fuhrer B. (2005) A Field Guide to Australian Fungi. Bloomings Books. ISBN 1-876473-51-7
*cite book | author= Brian Spooner | year =1996 | title = Mushrooms and Toadstools | publisher = Collins | id = ISBN 978-0-00-220007-3

External links

* [http://www.mykoweb.com/CAF/species/Tricholomopsis_rutilans.html Mykoweb page on "T. rutilans"]


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