Forest Ray Moulton


Forest Ray Moulton

Infobox Scientist
name = Forest Ray Moulton
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caption = Forest Ray Moulton
birth_date = April 29, 1872
birth_place = Le Roy, Michigan
death_date = December 7, 1952
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nationality = U.S.
ethnicity =
field = astronomer
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alma_mater = University of Chicago
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Forest Ray Moulton (April 29, 1872 – December 7, 1952) was a U.S. astronomer [Citation
id = PMID:13056607
url= http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/13056607
publication-date=1953 May 22
year=1953
title=FOREST Ray Moulton: 1872-1952.
volume=117
issue=3047
periodical=Science
pages=545-6
] .

He was born in Le Roy, Michigan, and was educated at Albion College. After graduating in 1894 (A.B.), he performed his graduate studies at the University of Chicago and gained a Ph.D. in 1899. At the University of Chicago he was associate in astronomy (1898-1900), instructor (1900-03), assistant professor (1903-08), associate professor (1908-12), and professor after 1912. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_International_Encyclopedia]

He is noted for being a proponent, along with Thomas Chamberlin, of the hypothesis that planetismals had coallesced to form the solar system. Their hypothesis called for the close passage of another star to trigger this condensation, a concept that has since fallen out of favor.

In the first decades of the twentieth century, some additional small satellites were discovered to be in orbit around Jupiter. Dr. Moulton proposed that these were actually gravitationally-captured planetismals. This theory has become well-accepted among astronomers.

The Moulton crater on the Moon, the Adams-Moulton methods for solving differential equations and the Moulton plane in geometry are named after him.

Writings

He became an associate editor of the "Transactions of the American Mathematical Society" in 1907 and a research associate of the Carnegie Institution in 1908. Besides various contributions to mathematical and astronomical journals he was the author of:
* "An Introduction to Celestial Mechanics" (1902; second revised edition, 1914)
* "An Introduction to Astronomy" (1905)
* "Descriptive Astronomy" (1912)
* "Periodic Orbits" (1913)
* "Differential Equations" (1930)

References

External links

*

Obituaries

* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/JRASC/0047//0000084.000.html JRASC 47 (1954) 84]
* [http://adsabs.harvard.edu//full/seri/PASP./0065//0000060.000.html PASP 65 (1954) 60]


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