- Geography of Argentina
Argentinais a country in southern South America, situated between the Andesin the west and the southern Atlantic Oceanin the east. It is bordered by Paraguayand Boliviain the north, Braziland Uruguayin the northeast and Chilein the west.
Argentina is the second largest country of South America after Brazil and the 8th largest country in the
world. Its total area is approximately 2.7 million km². Argentina claims a section of Antarctica ( Argentine Antarctica) but has agreed to suspend sovereignty disputes in the region as a signatory to the Antarctic Treaty. Argentina also asserts claims to several South Atlantic islands administered by the United Kingdom.
The country's provinces are divided in 6 zones regarding climate and terrain. From North to South, West to East:
Argentine Northwest: Jujuy, Salta, Tucumán, Catamarca, La Rioja
Gran Chaco: Formosa, Chaco, Santiago del Estero
*Mesopotamia: Misiones, Entre Ríos, Corrientes
*Cuyo: San Juan, Mendoza, San Luis
Pampas: Córdoba, Santa Fe, La Pampa, Buenos Aires
Patagonia: Rio Negro, Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del Fuego
*Sub-antarctic in southwest
* Permanent crops: 1%
* Forests and woodland: 19%
* Other: 19% (1993 est.)
:Irrigated land: 17,000 km² (1993 est.)
Rivers and Lakes
Major rivers in Argentina include the Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Bermejo, Colorado, Río Negro, Salado, Uruguay and the largest river, the Paraná. The latter two flow together before meeting the
Atlantic Ocean, forming the estuary of the Río de la Plata. Regionally important rivers are the Atuel and Mendoza in the homonymous province, the Chubut in Patagonia, the Río Grande in Jujuy, and the San Francisco River in Salta.
There are several large lakes in Argentina, many of them in Patagonia. Among these are lakes Argentino and Viedma in Santa Cruz, Nahuel Huapi in Río Negro and Fagnano in
Tierra del Fuego, and Colhué Huapi and Musters in Chubut. Lake Buenos Aires and O'Higgins/San Martín Lakeare shared with Chile. Mar Chiquita, Córdoba, is the largest salt water lake in the country. There are numerous reservoirs created by dams. Argentina features various hot springs, such as those at Termas de Río Hondowith temperatures between 30°C and 65°C.
Current issues: Environmental problems (urban and rural) typical of an industrialising economy such as
soil degradation, desertification, air pollution, and water pollution. Argentina is a world leader in setting voluntary greenhousegas targets.
* Party to:
Antarctic Treaty, Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling
* Signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-
Kyoto Protocol, Marine Life Conservation
*Location relative to sea lanes between South Atlantic and South
Pacific Oceans ( Strait of Magellan, Beagle Channel, Drake Passage):main|Regions of Argentina
List of islands of Argentina
List of mountains in Argentina
List of regions in Argentina
Protected areas of Argentina
List of rivers of Argentina
* [http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/americas/argentina_rel96.jpgUT Perry Castenada Map - Argentina Map] Website Map
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