Lingmoor Fell


Lingmoor Fell

Infobox Mountain
Name = Lingmoor Fell
Photo = Lingmoor_Fell_from_Black_Fell.jpg
Caption = Lingmoor Fell from Black Fell, 5 km to the SE. With Bowfell and the Langdale Pikes in the distance.
Location = Cumbria, ENG
Range = Lake District, Southern Fells
Elevation = 469 m (1,540 ft)
Grid_ref_UK = NY302046
Topographic
OS "Landranger" 89, 90 OS "Explorer" OL6
Prominence = 245 m
Parent peak = Scafell Pike
Listing = Marilyn, Wainwright

Lingmoor Fell is a fell in the English Lake District, situated eight kilometres west of Ambleside. The fell reaches a modest height of 469 m (1,540 ft) and divides the valleys of Great Langdale and Little Langdale. The fell's name originates from the Old Norse word "lyng" meaning “heather covered”. The actual summit of the fell is named as Brown How on Ordnance Survey maps.

Topography

Although it is surrounded by higher and better known fells, Lingmoor Fell is quite separate and distinct with no connecting ridges to other fells, giving it a considerable topographic prominence of 245 metres (for such a small fell) making it a Marilyn hill. Lingmoor Fell has a subsidiary top, known as Side Pike (362 m, 1,187 ft) which lies 1.5 kilometres to the north west , it is a fine rock tower that is only accessible from the west and south. Walkers wishing to visit Side Pike from Lingmoor Fell are blocked by unassailable crags and must traverse round to easier slopes to the south.

The fells northern and eastern flanks are clothed in deciduous woodland up to the 200 metre contour, there are also patches of heather and bracken on these lower slopes. Lingmoor Tarn, an attractive mountain lake (about 200 metres in length) with a couple of small islands, lies 600 metres north of the summit. One kilometre north of the summit of the fell stands another topographic feature, this is the detached rock pinnacle of Oak Howe Needle. The needle is part of Oak Howe Crag, a popular climbing location on the fell, with over ten routes on Rhyolite crags.

Geology

The summit area is formed from a large sill if andesite, overlying the dacitic lapilli-tuff of the Lingmoor Fell Formation.British Geological Survey: 1:50,000 series maps, "England & Wales Sheet 38": BGS (1998)]

Quarrying

Lingmoor Fell's north eastern slopes above the villages of Elterwater and Chapel Stile have long been quarried for its high quality Westmorland green slate, the Burlington quarry at Elterwater has been worked for over 300 years and is still in production today, turning out over 800 tonnes of slate annually. Many of the quarries have closed over the years and the crags are now used by rock climbers.

Ascents

Lingmoor Fell can be climbed either from Elterwater in Great Langdale or from the Blea Tarn car park in Little Langdale (grid reference gbm4ibx|NY296043). The latter route makes use of an old quarry track for much of the way. The Elterwater route can be slightly confusing in its early stages as there are a jumble of paths through the lower woodland and quarries, the route becomes clear once the open fell has been reached.

ummit and View

The summit of the fell has a high dry stone wall crossing it, the wall in fact traverses the entire spine of the fell, starting at the eastern foot and terminating abruptly at the crags below Side Pike in the west before re-commencing on the plateau. The view from the summit of Lingmoor Fell is highly regarded, there is a classic view of the Langdale Pikes and all of the high fells around the head of Great Langdale can be well appraised. The Coniston Fells to the south west are also well seen.

References

* Pictorial Guide to the Lakeland Fells, Southern Fells, Alfred Wainwright ISBN 0-7112-2457-9
* Complete Lakeland Fells, Bill Birkett ISBN 0-00-713629-3
* [http://www.ukclimbing.com/databases/crags/craginfo.html?id=1616 www.ukclimbing.com on Oak Howe Crag]


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