AASI Jetcruzer


AASI Jetcruzer

Infobox Aircraft
name=AASI Jetcruzer


caption=
type=Light civil transport aircraft
manufacturer=Advanced Aerodynamics and Structures Inc.
designer=
first flight=1989-01-11
introduced=1994
retired=
status=
primary user=
more users=
produced=
number built=
unit cost=US$1.6 million
variants with their own articles=
The AASI Jetcruzer is a US single turboprop light civil transport made by AASI. The Jetcruzer has an unusual configuration, with a single turboprop engine driving a pusher propeller, prominent canards, and fins mounted at the ends of its swept wings. The plane has seating for up to six people including the pilot. The Jetcruzer is noteworthy in being the first aircraft to have achieved a spin resistance certification from the United States FAA.

Development

Jetcruzer 450

Work on the Jetcruzer began in March 1983, with the prototype first flying on January 11 1989. This initial version, designated the Jetcruzer 450 seated six people (including the pilot) and was powered by an Allison 250-C20S. It gained an FAA type certification on June 14 1994. Three prototypes were built, but AASI chose not to market this aircraft, in order to focus on more advanced versions. A spin recovery system for use in the flight test program was designed for the aircraft by Butler Parachute Systems which also worked on one for the Swearingen SJ-30.

Jetcruzer 500

The first version developed from the 450 was the Jetcruzer 500, a slightly stretched version powered by a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66A and featuring cabin pressurization. Two of the 450 prototypes were converted to this configuration, and first flew in this form on August 22 1997. This was the version selected for production, and at one point, AASI had orders for some 200 aircraft at $US 1.6 million each. A military version, the ML-2 had also been offered, as well as a UAV, the ML-1

None of these orders would be filled, however, as the Jetcruzer 500 remained uncertified and its development slowly stagnated. Specific problems with the aircraft's noise, high stall speed, and center of gravity were not overcome before all work on it was suspended in 2002. Nearly 20 years of work had still not resulted in a marketable aircraft.

Jetcruzer 650

In December 1992, construction work began on the prototype of an even larger variant, the Jetcruzer 650, which was to seat up to thirteen. This was quickly abandoned as the company's financial problems required resources to be focused on the 500. A military version would have been the ML-4

tratocruzer 1250

Similarly, a turbofan-powered version was planned as the Stratocruzer 1250, but never left the drawing board. Design work had started in September 1991 to provide a business jet with intercontinental range. A military version, the ML-5 intended for surveillance duties, was also planned. Work was abandoned after AASI failed to attract financial backers for the project in 1995.

Future plans

In November 2003, AASI (by now, MASG) offered the entire Jetcruzer project for auction, and sold it to Innova Aircraft in February 2004. Shortly after the purchase, Innova announced its intentions of offering a new version of the aircraft in kit form, marketed by a new subsidiary, Jetcruzer LLC. This will feature a modified wing to overcome the problems faced by the Jetcruzer 500, and will be powered by a pair of Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D turbofans. It is expected to fly by late 2004 or early 2005.

Timeline

Jetcruzer 500 development:

*Jetcruzer 450
**Development starts in 1983
**First prototypes first flight January 11, 1989
**FAA certification granted June 14, 1994
*Jetcruzer 500
**A Lengthened and pressurized 450
**First flight August 22, 1997.

pecifications (Jetcruzer 500)

aircraft specifications


plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop

crew=1
capacity=5 passengers
length main=28 ft 2 in
length alt=8.59 m
span main=42 ft 2 in
span alt=12.85 m
height main=10 ft 5 in
height alt=3.17 m
area main=193 ft²
area alt=18 m²
empty weight main=2,950 lb
empty weight alt=1,338 kg
loaded weight main=
loaded weight alt=
max takeoff weight main=5,500 lb
max takeoff weight alt=2,495 kg

engine (prop)=Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-66
type of prop=turboprop
number of props=1
power main=850 shp
power alt=635 kW

max speed main=300 knots
max speed alt=345 mph, 556 km/h
range main=1,579 nm
range alt=1,818 mi, 2,936 km
ceiling main=30,000 ft
ceiling alt=9,100 m
climb rate main= ft/min
climb rate alt= m/s
loading main=
loading alt=
power/mass main=
power/mass alt=

External links

* [http://www.airliners.net/info/stats.main?id=2 Airliners.net Article, Image]
* [http://www.pilotfriend.com/acft_manu/AASI%20Aircraft,%20Inc..htm Pilotfriend Article, Image]
* [http://www.ainonline.com/Features/newbusinessaircraft/nba_jetcruzer01.html AIN Online on the cruzer]
* [http://www.butlerparachutes.com/spin.htm Images and Info on the 450s spin recovery system]

ee also

aircontent

related=

similar aircraft=
* Beech Starship


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