San Lorenzo in Panisperna


San Lorenzo in Panisperna

San Lorenzo in Panisperna, or San Lorenzo in Formosa is a church on Via Panisperna, Rome. It was built on the site of its dedicatee's martyrdom.

Name

Panisperna most probably refers to the tradition of the Poor Clares in the adjacent convent of distributing bread and ham ("pane e perna") on August 10th, Lawrence's feast day, in remembrance of his distributing funds from the church to the poor. Formosa refers to Pope Formosus who built the first attested church here.

History

Tradition states the first building was constructed during the reign of Emperor Constantine I, only 100 years after the martyrdom of St. Lawrence, though the first written evidence is from 1300, when Pope Boniface VIII rebuilt the church and annexed an abbey to it. That abbey was given to the Benedictines in 1451, and then had the Poor Clares settled in it by Cardinal Jacopo Colonna in 1896, who also restored the church and monastery. The Franciscans now serve the church.

The present church is a result of a rebuilding by Carlo Rainaldi in 1575-6, under Pope Gregory XIII. It was at this time it became known as 'in Panisperna' rather than 'in Formosa', and that the present facade was built. A new outer portico was added in the 17th century, then restored and decorated with images of Sts Lawrence and Francis of Assisi in 1893-94 by Pope Leo XIII who in 1843 had been ordained bishop in this church. Leo also added a steep flight of steps in front of the church, leading to a tree-lined courtyard. There is a modern bronze statue of St Bridget of Sweden here.

A medieval house is preserved next to the church with an exterior staircase, one of the few such houses to have been preserved in Rome.

Interiors

The church has a single nave with three chapels on each side.

*South side
#includes a painting of "St Clare of Assisi" (1756) by Antonio Nessi, and a ceiling fresco of "Glory of St Lawrence" by Antonio Bicchierai.
#Contains the tomb of the brothers St Crispin and St Crispinianus, with a painting by Giovanni Francesco Romano.
#Painting of an Immaculate Conception by Giuseppe Ranucci.

*North side
#Painting of "Stigmata of St Francis" by Niccolò Lapiccola.
#Chapel of St Bridget, where she was buried before her body was moved to Sweden. She had used to beg for alms for the poor outside this church, and prayed before the crucifix by the high altar. Now, a martyr named Victoria lies underneath the alter in the chapel. The painting of St Bridget Praying before the Crucifix is by Giuseppe Montesanti, and was painted in 1757.
#Includes an 18th century crucifix of the Roman school.

Under its porch is a chapel containing the oven said to have been used for it, and the late 16th century fresco of "maryrdom of Saint Lawrence" behind the high altar (said to be by Pasquale Cati, a mediocre pupil of Michelangelo) portrays the martyrdom. The crucifix by the high altar is from the 14th century.

References

* [http://roma.katolsk.no/lorenzopanisperna.htm Nyborg]


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