- Joan II of Navarre
Infobox French Royalty|princess
title=Queen of Navarre
caption=Tomb effigy of Joan II of Navarre
October 6, 1349
issue=Maria, Queen of Aragon
Agnès of Navarre Philip, Count of Longueville Louis, Duke of Durazzo
House of Capet
mother=Margaret of Burgundy
date of birth=
January 28, 1312
place of birth=
date of death=
October 6, 1349
place of death=
place of burial=|
Joan II of Navarre (
January 28, 1312– October 6, 1349) was Queen of Navarre 1328–1349. She was the only daughter of King Louis X of France(Louis I of Navarre) and his first wife, Margaret of Burgundy. She was a member of the House of Capet.
On the deaths of her father (1316) and her half-brother, John I (also 1316), both of whom had been kings of France and Navarre, she was excluded from the succession in favor of her uncle
Philip V of France(Philip II of Navarre), a brother of Louis X and son of Philip IV of France. Philip V prevailed for a number of reasons, including her youth, doubts raised about her paternity, and the Estates-General's determination that women should not be allowed to rule France. The last reason, however, was not applicable to Navarre because there was already precedent there for succession by a female. After Philip V's brother and successor Charles IV of France(Charles I of Navarre) died in 1328, there was no male heir to either crown in the direct line from Philip IV. Instead, a more distant Philip, a descendant of Philip IV's younger brother Charles of Valois, successfully claimed the throne as Philip VI of Francein preference to Joan and a number of other females closer to the line of succession. Joan did become Queen of Navarre through a treaty with Philip VI, who was not a descendant of the later Kings of Navarre through Garcia Ramírez of Navarreand who could not invoke a rule against female succession in Navarre. In the treaty, she had to renounce her claims not only to the crown of France but also to her grandmother's estates in Brieand Champagne (which were merged in the French royal domain). In compensation, she received the counties of Angoulêmeand Mortainas well as a portion of Cotentin( Longueville). Later on she exchanged Angouleme for three estates in Vexin:- Pontoise, Beaumont-sur-Oise, and Asnière-sur-Oise.
She reigned as Queen of Navarre until her death in 1349, together with her husband,
Philip III of Navarreas "de jure uxoris" king, 1329–1343. Philip was also Count of Évreux, the heir of Count Louis of Évreux (youngest son of Philip III of France), and thus of Capetian male blood. Because of his patrimonial lands, together with Joan's gains in Normandy and her rights in Champagne, the couple had extensive possessions in Northern France. Altogether, Joan and Philip had eight children. She was succeeded by their son Charles II of Navarre. Their daughter Blanche d'Evreuxbecame the second wife of Philip VI of France.
Although Joan never ascended the French throne, her descendants and heirs, the Kings of Navarre, were to eventually reach the throne of France when
Henry IV of Franceinherited the crown two centuries later, in 1589. From then onwards, all Kings of France carried Joan's blood and were her heirs. The Kings of France had already been descended from her since the ascension of Henry II (who was Joan's issue in 8th generation, through for example his maternal great-grandmother Margaret of Foix-Navarre, duchess consort of Brittany, and through Margaret's husband's great-grandmother Joan of Navarre, queen of England and also duchess consort of Brittany, who herself was Joan's granddaughter); these were not, however, senior descendants of Joan.
Maria of Navarre(c. 1329–1347), first wife of King Pedro IV of Aragon(1319–1387).
Blanche d’Évreux(1331–1398), second wife of the much older King Philip VI of France(1293–1350).
Charles II of Navarre(1332–1387), King of Navarre, known as "Charles le Mauvais", i.e. Charles the Bad.
Agnès of Navarre(1334–1396), married Gaston III, Count of Foix (1331–1391).
Philip, Count of Longueville(1336–1363), married Yolande de Dampierre (1331–1395.
* Joan of Navarre (1339–1403), married John I, Viscount of Rohan (d. 1395).
* Louis, Count of
Beaumont-le-Roger(1341–1372), married 1358 Maria de Lizarazu, married 1366 Joanna of Durazzo(1344–1387)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Joan I of Navarre — Joan I de Navarre, also known as Joanna or Joan of Navarre (c. 14 January 1271 ndash; April 4, 1305), Queen regnant of Navarre and Queen consort of France, was the daughter of king Henry I of Navarre and Blanche of Artois.In 1274, upon the death… … Wikipedia
Joan of France — ( fr. Jeanne de France) can refer to any of the following:*Jeanne III, Countess of Burgundy (1308 1349), also known as Jeanne de Bourgogne, daughter of King Philip V of France and Joanna II of Burgundy. *Joan II of Navarre (1312 1349), Queen of… … Wikipedia
Joan of The Tower — Joan of England (July 5, 1321 ndash;September 7, 1362), known as Joan of the Tower was the first wife and Queen consort of David II of Scotland. She was born at the Tower of London and was the youngest daughter of Edward II of England and… … Wikipedia
Joan II — may refer to: *Joan II of Auvergne *Joan II of Naples *Joan II of Navarre *Joan II of Burgundy … Wikipedia
Joan I — can refer to:* Joan I of Navarre * Joan I of Naples * Joan I of Auvergne * Joan I of Burgundy … Wikipedia
Joan — may refer to:*Joan (first name) a female or male given name *Jōan (era), a Japanese era namePeople, as first name: *Joan I, various *Joan II, various *Saint Joan various uses *Joan Miró surrealist artist *Joan of Arc (disambiguation) *Joan,… … Wikipedia
Joan of Valois — (French Jeanne de Valois ) may be : *Joan of Valois (1294 1352), daughter of Charles of Valois and of Marguerite of Anjou, married to William I of Hainaut *Joan of Valois (1304 1363), daughter of Charles of Valois and of Catherine of Courtenay,… … Wikipedia
Joan, Countess of Blois — Joan of Châtillon (d. 1292), was countess of Blois from 1280 to 1292, and lady of Avesnes.She was the daughter of John I and Alix of Brittany. Her maternal grandparents were John I, Duke of Brittany and Blanche of Navarre.In 1263, Joanne married… … Wikipedia
Joan I — or Joanna I Italian Giovanna born 1326 died May 22, 1382, Lucania, Kingdom of Naples Countess of Provence and queen of Naples (1343–82). She belonged to the house of Anjou, and her marriage to the brother of the king of Hungary was intended to… … Universalium
Joan of Navarre — ▪ queen of England French Jeanne de Navarre born c. 1370 died July 9, 1437, Havering atte Bowe, Essex, Eng. the wife of Henry IV of England and the daughter of Charles the Bad, king of Navarre. In 1386 Joan was married to John IV… … Universalium